The AIDS Health Crisis: Psychological and Social Interventions

Paperback (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1988)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781461282877
  • Publisher: Springer US
  • Publication date: 12/31/2013
  • Series: Nato Science Series B: (closed)
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1988
  • Pages: 222
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.47 (d)

Table of Contents

1: Medical Aspects of AIDS.- 1.1. Medical Characteristics of AIDS.- 1.1.1. HIV and Its Relation to AIDS.- 1.2. Diseases Related to HIV Infection.- 1.2.1. Diseases Associated with AIDS.- 1.2.2. AIDS-Related Complex.- 1.3. Incidence and Demography.- 1.3.1. AIDS Incidence and Prevalence.- 1.3.2. Risk Groups.- 2: Transmission and Risk Factors for AIDS.- 2.1. AIDS Risk Behavior among Homosexual or Bisexual Males.- 2.1.1. Number of Sexual Partners.- 2.1.2. High-Risk Sexual Practices.- 2.1.3. History of Sexually Transmitted Diseases.- 2.1.4. Substance Use History.- 2.2. AIDS Risk Behavior among Heterosexuals.- 2.3. Reduced-Risk Conduct.- 2.3.1. Misconceptions Concerning Risk Practices.- 2.4. The Case against Casual Transmission.- 3: Risk-Reduction Counseling for Individuals and Groups.- 3.1. For Whom Are Individual and Group Prevention Efforts Needed?.- 3.2. Providing Risk-Reduction Information.- 3.2.1. Providing Risk-Reduction Information to Gay Male and At-Risk Heterosexual Clients.- 3.2.2. Providing Risk-Reduction Information to Clients Who Are Intravenous Drug Users.- 3.2.3. Limitations of Information Provision in Promoting Risk-Behavior Change.- 3.3. Behavior-Change Counseling.- 3.3.1. Self-Management Training.- 3.3.2. Assertion Training.- 3.3.3. Life-Style Issues.- 3.3.4. Program Effectiveness.- 3.3.5. Implications for Individuals and Group Counseling.- 4: Behavioral Interventions at a Community Level.- 4.1. Informational and Educational Messages.- 4.1.1. Limitations of Written Materials for AIDS Prevention.- 4.1.2. Additional Means of Public Education.- 4.1.3. AIDS Risk Education for Adolescents.- 4.2. Provision of Cues to Adopt Lower-Risk Behavior.- 4.2.1. Prompts.- 4.2.2. Increasing the Perceived Salience of the AIDS Health Threat.- 4.2.3. Modeling Influences.- 4.3. Supports for Maintenance of Risk-Behavior Change.- 5: Psychosocial Consequences of HIV Seropositivity.- 5.1. Learning of HIV Seropositivity.- 5.2. Risk-Behavior Changes Prompted by Seropositivity.- 5.3. Emotional Consequences That Follow Knowledge of Seropositivity.- 5.3.1. Anxiety.- 5.3.2. Anger.- 5.3.3. Depression.- 5.3.4. Somatization.- 5.3.5. Denial.- 5.4. Neurological Consequences of HIV Exposure.- 5.5. Social Consequences of HIV Infection.- 5.6. Implications for Future Health and Adjustment.- 6: Psychosocial Interventions for HIV-Seropositive Persons.- 6.1. Counseling at the Time of HIV Testing.- 6.1.1. Pretest Counseling and Education.- 6.1.2. Posttest Counseling.- 6.2. Psychosocial Interventions to Promote Behavior Change and Coping Skills.- 6.2.1. Interventions to Alter Continued Risk Behavior.- 6.2.2. Psychological Interventions to Reduce Stress Associated with Seropositivity.- 6.2.3. Interventions to Improve Cognitive Coping Skills.- 6.2.4. Interventions to Improve Social Functioning.- 6.3. Other Considerations.- 7: Psychological Consequences of AIDS and AIDS-Related Complex.- 7.1. Factors Influencing Psychological Reactions to an ARC or AIDS Diagnosis.- 7.1.1. Health Status.- 7.1.2. Attributions Regarding Illness.- 7.1.3. Reactions to the Diagnosis.- 7.1.4. Self-Disclosure of Health Problems.- 7.1.5. Availability of Environmental Support Systems.- 7.2. Psychological Consequences of ARC and AIDS.- 7.2.1. Anxiety.- 7.2.2 Depression.- 7.2.3. Anger.- 7.3. Neuropsychological Consequences of ARC and AIDS.- 7.4. Psychological Consequences of ARC and AIDS to Others.- 7.4.1. Effects on Spouses and Lovers.- 7.4.2. Families.- 7.4.3. Caregivers.- 8: Psychosocial Care Needs of Persons with AIDS.- 8.1. Psychological Interventions.- 8.2. Other Care Needs following AIDS Diagnosis.- 8.3. Assistance with Housing and Health Care Resources.- 8.3.1. Transitional Apartments.- 8.3.2. Ambulatory Day Care.- 8.3.3. Home-Based Support Programs.- 8.3.4. Hospice Care.- 8.4. Interventions for Family Members and Significant Others.- 8.5. Interventions for Caregivers.- 9: Effective Help-Providing: Knowledge, Sensitivities, and Ethics.- 9.1. Knowledgeable Caregiving.- 9.1.1. Knowledge of Sexual Behavior.- 9.1.2. Knowledge about AIDS and HIV Infection.- 9.1.3. Knowledge of Life-Style Issues.- 9.2. Ethical Issues.- 9.2.1. Other Ethical Considerations.- 9.3. Special Sensitivities Required of AIDS Caregivers.- Epilogue: The Societal Challenge of AIDS.- Appendix: Selected AIDS Resources in the United States.- References.

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