BN.com Gift Guide

The Air Force Integrates, 1945-1964, Second Edition / Edition 2

Hardcover (Print)
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $1.99
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 93%)
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (24) from $1.99   
  • New (5) from $10.04   
  • Used (19) from $1.99   
Close
Sort by
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Note: Marketplace items are not eligible for any BN.com coupons and promotions
$10.04
Seller since 2014

Feedback rating:

(319)

Condition:

New — never opened or used in original packaging.

Like New — packaging may have been opened. A "Like New" item is suitable to give as a gift.

Very Good — may have minor signs of wear on packaging but item works perfectly and has no damage.

Good — item is in good condition but packaging may have signs of shelf wear/aging or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Acceptable — item is in working order but may show signs of wear such as scratches or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Used — An item that has been opened and may show signs of wear. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Refurbished — A used item that has been renewed or updated and verified to be in proper working condition. Not necessarily completed by the original manufacturer.

New
Hardcover New 1560989998 XCITING PRICES JUST FOR YOU. Ships within 24 hours. Best customer service. 100% money back return policy.

Ships from: Bensalem, PA

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
$18.31
Seller since 2009

Feedback rating:

(952)

Condition: New
1560989998 *BRAND NEW* Ships Same Day or Next!

Ships from: Springfield, VA

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
$20.91
Seller since 2010

Feedback rating:

(80)

Condition: New
New Ships from the UK. BRAND NEW Your purchase also supports literacy charities. *****PLEASE NOTE: This item is shipping from an authorized seller in Europe. In the event that a ... return is necessary, you will be able to return your item within the US. To learn more about our European sellers and policies see the BookQuest FAQ section***** Read more Show Less

Ships from: Dunfermline, United Kingdom

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
$24.72
Seller since 2007

Feedback rating:

(23584)

Condition: New
BRAND NEW

Ships from: Avenel, NJ

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
$32.00
Seller since 2014

Feedback rating:

(322)

Condition: New
Brand New Item.

Ships from: Chatham, NJ

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Close
Sort by

Overview

On April 5, 1945, more than sixty black officers of the U.S. Army Air Forces were arrested for entering a whites-only club at Freeman Field, Indiana, to protest the rigid segregation and unequal policies under which they and all African American airmen were forced to serve. Termed a mutiny by the white commanders at the base, the incident was one of several racial conflicts during the next four years that helped convince senior officers in the newly independent Air Force that segregation was an inefficient personnel policy. Documenting the racial integration of the Air Force from the end of World War II to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Alan L. Gropman contends that the service desegregated itself not for moral or political reasons but to improve military effectiveness. He draws on a range of unpublished records to show that, while proceeding smoothly, Air Force integration initially did little to ensure fair promotion practices or to protect African Americans from off-post discrimination, especially in housing, entertainment, and education. Gropman also outlines the political motivations of President Truman's 1948 Executive Order 9981 for equal opportunity in the military and reviews controversial Kennedy administration initiatives that attempted to place the military at the forefront of civil rights reform. First published in 1977, the book now includes a new preface charting the policy changes that have dramatically increased the numbers of black officers and senior supervisors in the Air Force during the past two decades. Detailing the uneven progress of a major shift in military policy, The Air Force Integrates also illuminates the often pragmatic motivations of those who bring about fundamental social change.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781560989998
  • Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press
  • Publication date: 8/17/1998
  • Series: History of Aviation Series
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 237
  • Product dimensions: 6.33 (w) x 9.44 (h) x 0.97 (d)

Meet the Author

Alan L. Gropman is a retired Air Force colonel who served for twenty-seven years and flew more than 650 combat missions in Vietnam. He is chairman of the Department of Grand Strategy at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces at the National Defense University.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Preface Part 2 1. Flying on Clipped Wings Chapter 3 Interwar Black Personnel Policy Chapter 4 World War II Personnel Policy Chapter 5 The Tuskegee Airmen Chapter 6 The 477th Bombardment Group (M) (Colored) Chapter 7 The Freeman Field Mutiny Chapter 8 The McCloy Committee Recommendations Part 9 2. Marking Time Chapter 10 The Army Studies the Postwar Role of Black Troops Chapter 11 The First Air Force Report Chapter 12 Summary Report for General Arnold Chapter 13 The Gillem Board Recommendations Chapter 14 Race Violence Chapter 15 The MacDill Riot Chapter 16 Air Force Blacks in the Postwar Period Chapter 17 Ben Davis's Air Force Part 18 3. "Unbunching" Chapter 19 The Air Force Shifts Policy Chapter 20 Political Pressure and the Election of 1948 Chapter 21 Air Force Integration Chapter 22 Changing Military Attitudes Part 23 4. Benign Neglect Chapter 24 The Korean War Chapter 25 Eisenhower and Civil Rights Chapter 26 Little Rock Air Force Base Chapter 27 Air Force Off-Base Descrimination Chapter 28 The Problem in the North Part 29 5. The Kennedy Era Chapter 30 The Gesell Committee Chapter 31 Reaction to the Gesell Report Chapter 32 Air Force Opposition Chapter 33 Air Force Equal Opportunity Efforts Chapter 34 Passage of the Civil Rights Act Chapter 35 The Air Force Marks Time Part 36 Epilogue Chapter 37 Positive Programs between 1964 and 1971 Chapter 38 The Travis Riot Part 39 Appendix: Statistics

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)