The Ambiguous Embrace: Government and Faith-Based Schools and Social Agencies / Edition 1by Charles L. Glenn
Pub. Date: 01/21/2002
Publisher: Princeton University Press
This is a time of far-reaching change and debate in American education and social policy, spurred in part by a rediscovery that civil-society institutions are often better than government at meeting human needs. As Charles Glenn shows in this book, faith-based schools and social agencies have been particularly effective, especially in meeting the needs of the most… See more details below
This is a time of far-reaching change and debate in American education and social policy, spurred in part by a rediscovery that civil-society institutions are often better than government at meeting human needs. As Charles Glenn shows in this book, faith-based schools and social agencies have been particularly effective, especially in meeting the needs of the most vulnerable. However, many oppose providing public funds for religious institutions, either on the grounds that it would threaten the constitutional separation of church and state or from concern it might dilute or secularize the distinctive character of the institutions themselves. Glenn tackles these arguments head on. He builds a uniquely comprehensive and persuasive case for faith-based organizations playing a far more active role in American schools and social agencies. And, most importantly, he shows that they could do so both while receiving public funds and while striking a workable balance between accountability and autonomy.
Glenn is ideally placed to make this argument. A leading expert on international education policies, he was for many years the director of urban education and civil rights for the Massachusetts Department of Education, and also serves as an Associate Minister of inner-city churches in Boston. Glenn draws on all his varied experience here as he reviews the policies and practices of governments in the United States and Europe as they have worked with faith-based schools and also with such social agencies as the Salvation Army and Teen Challenge. He seeks to answer key theoretical and practical questions: Why should government make greater use of faith-based providers? How could they do so without violating First Amendment limits? What working relationships protect the goals and standards both of government and of the organizations that the government funds? Glenn shows that, with appropriate forms of accountability and a strong commitment to a distinctive vision of service, faith-based organizations can collaborate safely with government, to their mutual benefit and that of those they serve. This is a major contribution to one of the most important topics in political and social debate today.
Table of Contents
• By Peter L. Berger
• 1. Reaching Out to Civil Society
• Challenges to the Welfare State
• Bureaucratic Ineffectiveness
• Overstepping the State's Appropriate Limits
• Government and Education
• Administrative Decentralization
• Market Strategies
• Organizational Flexibility
• Controlling Faith-Based Institutions to Death
• 2. Strings without Money
• The Stakes in Government Oversight
• Oversight of Faith-Based Schools
• Faith-Based Schools That Resist Oversight
• The Scope of Government Regulation of Nonpublic Schools
• Interlude: Teen Challenge
• 3. How Close an Embrace?
• Three Ways of Understanding Government's Relationship to Religion
• Outside the Wall of Separation
• Faith-Based Social Services: Where the Wall Is Not So High
• Schools: The Unhappy Exception
• 4. Funding with Government Oversight
• How Much Oversight?
• Modes of Funding
• Grants and Other Subsidies
• Shared Space
• Asset Sale
• Interlude: Neocorporatism in Europe
• The Netherlands
• 5. Professional Norms
• Professional Norms and Government
• How Professional Norms Developed
• Professional Training
• Professional Norms and Faith-Based Organizations
• 6. Employment Decisions
• A Tale of Two Cities
• The Right to a Shared Vision of Service
• Required Qualifications
• Interlude: The Salvation Army
• By Emily Nielsen Jones, Charles L. Glenn
• How Did the Salvation Army Become Different?
• The Salvation Army's Self-Understanding
• Elements of the Salvation Army's Persistence as a Faith-Based Organization
• Threats to the Salvation Army's Distinctive Mission
• Resisting the Lure of Popularity
• 7. Loss - and Recovery - of Nerve
• The Importance of Maintaining Distinctiveness
• When Sacred and Secular Mix
• Being Explicit about Identity
• 8. Recommendations
• 1. Should Government Make a Greater Use of Faith-Based Organizations to Provide Social Services and Education?
• 2. May the United States Government Make a Greater Use of Faith-Based Organizations without Overstepping the Limits Set by the First Amendment?
• 3. If it Makes a Greater Use of Faith-Based Organizations to Provide Social Services and Education, How Should Government Behave to Avoid Spoiling Their Distinctive Character and Contribution?
• 4. What Measures Should Government Take to Ensure That Making a Greater Use of Faith-Based Organizations Does Not Lead to Negative Consequences, Such as a Decline in Quality and Availability of Services or an Increase in Discrimination?
• 5. Should Faith-Based Organizations Seek Government Support for Their Social and Educational Ministries?
• 6. In Accepting Government Support, How Should Faith-Based Organizations Protect Themselves from Interference with Their Core Mission and Distinctive Character?
• 7. How Can Faith-Based Organizations Reconcile Professional Norms with the Maintenance and Expression of Their Core Mission and Distinctive Character?
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