The American Promise, Volume B: 1800-1900: A History of the United States / Edition 5

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The American Promise appeals to all types of students and provides the right resources and tools to support any classroom environment. A clear political framework supports a vibrant social and cultural story that embraces the voices of hundreds of Americans — from presidents to pipefitters and sharecroppers to suffragettes — who help students connect with history and grasp important concepts. Now in its fifth edition, The American Promise does even more to increase historical analysis skills and facilitate active learning, and its robust array of multimedia supplements make it the perfect choice for traditional face-to-face classrooms, hybrid courses, and distance learning.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312569471
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 1/9/2012
  • Edition description: Fifth Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 544
  • Sales rank: 935,220
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Born in Eunice, Louisiana, and raised in the West, James L. Roark received his B.A. from the University of California, Davis, and his Ph.D. from Stanford University. His dissertation won the Allan Nevins Prize. Since 1983, he has taught at Emory University, where he is Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of American History. In 1993, he received the Emory Williams Distinguished Teaching Award, and in 2001–2002 he was Pitt Professor of American Institutions at Cambridge University. He has written Masters without Slaves: Southern Planters in the Civil War and Reconstruction (1977). With Michael P. Johnson, he is author of Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South (1984) and editor of No Chariot Let Down: Charleston’s Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War (1984).
Born and raised in Ponca City, Oklahoma, Michael P. Johnson studied at Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, where he received a B.A., and at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, where he earned  his Ph.D.  He is currently professor of history at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. He is the author, co-author, or editor of six books, including Reading the American Past, the documents reader designed to accompany The American Promise.  His research has been honored with fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanties, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavoral Sciences, and the Huntington Library, and with prizes from the Organization of American Historians and the Omohundro Insttute of Early American History and Culture.  He is also the recipient of university prizes for outstanding undergraduate teaching.
Born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and raised in Palo Alto, California, Patricia Cline Cohen earned a B.A. at the University of Chicago and a Ph.D. at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1976, she joined the history faculty at the University of California, Santa Barbara. In 2005–2006 she received the university’s Distinguished Teaching Award. Cohen has written A Calculating People: The Spread of Numeracy in Early America (1982; reissued 1999) and The Murder of Helen Jewett: The Life and Death of a Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century New York (1998). She is coauthor of The Flash Press: Sporting Male Weeklies in 1840s New York (2008). In 2001–2002 she was the Distinguished Senior Mellon Fellow at the American Antiquarian Society.
Sarah Stage was born in Davenport, Iowa, and received a B.A. from the University of Iowa and a Ph.D. in American Studies from Yale University. She has taught U.S. history for more than twenty-five years at Williams College and the University of California, Riverside. Currently she is professor of Women’s Studies at Arizona State University at the West campus in Phoenix. Her books include Female Complaints: Lydia Pinkham and the Business of Women’s Medicine (1979) and Rethinking Home Economics: Women and the History of a Profession (1997). She recently returned from China where she had an appointment as visiting scholar at Peking University and Sichuan University.
Susan M. Hartmann received her B.A. from Washington University and her Ph.D. from the University of Missouri. A specialist in modern U.S. history and women’s history, she has published many articles and four books: Truman and the 80th Congress (1971); The Home Front and Beyond: American Women in the 1940s (1982); From Margin to Mainstream: American Women and Politics since 1960 (1989); and The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishment (1998). She is currently Arts and Humanities Distinguished Professor of History at Ohio State University and recently was a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

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Table of Contents

10. Republicans in Power, 1800-1824

Jefferson's Presidency

  Turbulent Times: Election and Rebellion

  The Jeffersonian Vision of Republican Simplicity

  Dangers Overseas: The Barbary Wars

Opportunities and Challenges in the West

  The Louisiana Purchase

  The Lewis and Clark Expedition

  Osage and Comanche Indians

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Cultural Exchange on the Lewis and Clark Trail"

Jefferson, the Madisons, and the War of 1812

  Impressment and Embargo

  Dolley Madison and Social Politics

  Tecumseh and Tippecanoe

  The War of 1812

  Washington City Burns: The British Offensive

Women's Status in the Early Republic

  Women and the Law

  Women and Church Governance

  Female Education

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "One Woman's Quest to Provide Higher Education for Women"

Monroe and Adams

  From Property to Democracy

  The Missouri Compromise

  The Monroe Doctrine

  The Election of 1824

  The Adams Administration

Conclusion: Republican Simplicity Becomes Complex

11. The Expanding Republic, 1815-1840

The Market Revolution

  Improvements in Transportation

  Factories, Workingwomen, and Wage Labor

  Bankers and Lawyers

  Booms and Busts

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Mill Girls Stand Up to Factory Owners, 1834"

The Spread of Democracy

  Popular Politics and Partisan Identity

  The Election of 1828 and the Character Issue

  Jackson's Democratic Agenda

Jackson Defines the Democratic Party

  Indian Policy and the Trail of Tears

  The Tariff of Abominations and Nullification

  The Bank War and Economic Boom

Cultural Shifts, Religion, and Reform

  The Family and Separate Spheres

  The Education and Training of Youths

  The Second Great Awakening

  The Temperance Movement and the Campaign for Moral Reform

  Organizing against Slavery

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Transatlantic Abolition"

Van Buren's One-Term Presidency

  The Politics of Slavery

  Elections and Panics

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Going Ahead or Gone to Smash: An Entrepreneur Struggles in the 1830s"

Conclusion: The Age of Jackson or the Era of Reform?

12. The New West and the Free North, 1840-1860

Economic and Industrial Evolution

  Agriculture and Land Policy

  Manufacturing and Mechanization

  Railroads: Breaking the Bonds of Nature

Free Labor: Promise and Reality

  The Free-Labor Ideal

  Economic Inequality

  Immigrants and the Free-Labor Ladder

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "The Path of Progress"

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Global Prosperity in the 1850s"

The Westward Movement

  Manifest Destiny

  Oregon and the Overland Trail

  The Mormon Exodus

  The Mexican Borderlands

Expansion and the Mexican-American War

  The Politics of Expansion

  The Mexican-American War, 1846-1848

  Victory in Mexico

  Golden California

Reforming Self and Society

  The Pursuit of Perfection: Transcendentalists and Utopians

  Woman's Rights Activists

  Abolitionists and the American Ideal

Conclusion: Free Labor, Free Men

13. The Slave South, 1820-1860

The Growing Distinctiveness of the South

  Cotton Kingdom, Slave Empire

  The South in Black and White

  The Plantation Economy


Masters and Mistresses in the Big House

  Paternalism and Male Honor

  The Southern Lady and Feminine Virtues

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "How Often Were Slaves Whipped?"

Slaves in the Quarter


  Family and Religion

  Resistance and Rebellion

The Plain Folk

  Plantation Belt Yeomen

  Upcountry Yeomen

  Poor Whites

  The Culture of the Plain Folk

Black and Free: On the Middle Ground

  Precarious Freedom

  Achievement despite Restrictions

The Politics of Slavery

  The Democratization of the Political Arena

  Planter Power

Conclusion: A Slave Society

14. The House Divided, 1846-1861

The Bitter Fruits of War

  The Wilmot Proviso and the Expansion of Slavery

  The Election of 1848

  Debate and Compromise

The Sectional Balance Undone

  The Fugitive Slave Act

  Uncle Tom's Cabin

  The Kansas-Nebraska Act

Realignment of the Party System

  The Old Parties: Whigs and Democrats

  The New Parties: Know-Nothings and Republicans

  The Election of 1856

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Filibusters: The Underside of Manifest Destiny"

Freedom under Siege

  "Bleeding Kansas"

  The Dred Scott Decision

  Prairie Republican: Abraham Lincoln

  The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "A Purse of Her Own: Petitioning for the Right to Own Propert"

The Union Collapses

  The Aftermath of John Brown's Raid

  Republican Victory in 1860

  Secession Winter

Conclusion: Slavery, Free Labor, and the Failure of Political Compromise

15. The Crucible of War, 1861-1865

"And the War Came"

  Attack on Fort Sumter

  The Upper South Chooses Sides

The Combatants

  How They Expected to Win

  Lincoln and Davis Mobilize

Battling It Out, 1861-1862

  Stalemate in the Eastern Theater

  Union Victories in the Western Theater

  The Atlantic Theater

  International Diplomacy

Union and Freedom

  From Slaves to Contraband

  From Contraband to Free People

  The War of Black Liberation

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Right to Fight: Black Soldiers in the Civil War"

The South at War

  Revolution from Above

  Hardship Below

  The Disintegration of Slavery

The North at War

  The Government and the Economy

  Women and Work at Home and at War

  Politics and Dissent

Grinding Out Victory, 1863-1865

  Vicksburg and Gettysburg

  Grant Takes Command

  The Election of 1864

  The Confederacy Collapses

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Why Did So Many Soldiers Die?"

Conclusion: The Second American Revolution

16. Reconstruction, 1863-1877

Wartime Reconstruction

  "To Bind Up the Nation's Wounds"

  Land and Labor

  The African American Quest for Autonomy


Presidential Reconstruction

  Johnson's Program of Reconciliation

  White Southern Resistance and Black Codes

  Expansion of Federal Authority and Black Rights

Congressional Reconstruction

  The Fourteenth Amendment and Escalating Violence

  Radical Reconstruction and Military Rule

  Impeaching a President

  The Fifteenth Amendment and Women's Demands

The Struggle in the South

  Freedmen, Yankees, and Yeomen

  Republican Rule

  White Landlords, Black Sharecroppers

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "What Did the Ku Klux Klan Really Want?"

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "A Post-Slavery Encounter"

Reconstruction Collapses

  Grant's Troubled Presidency

  Northern Resolve Withers

  White Supremacy Triumphs

  An Election and a Compromise

Conclusion: "A Revolution But Half Accomplished"

17. The Contested West, 1865-1900

Conquest and Empire in the West

  Indian Removal and the Reservation System

  The Decimation of the Great Bison Herds

  Indian Wars and the Collapse of Comancher’a

  The Fight for the Black Hills

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Imperialism, Colonialism, and the Treatment of the Sioux and the Zulu"

Forced Assimilation and Resistance Strategies

  Indian Schools and the War against Indian Culture

  The Dawes Act and Indian Land Allotment

  Indian Resistance and Survival

Gold Fever and the Mining West

  Mining on the Comstock Lode

  The Diverse Peoples of the West

  Territorial Government

Land Fever

  Moving West: Homesteaders and Speculators

  Ranchers and Cowboys

  Tenants, Sharecroppers, and Migrants

  Commercial Farming and Industrial Cowboys

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Young Women Homesteaders and the Promise of the West"

Conclusion: The West in the Gilded Age

18. Business and Politics in the Gilded Age, 1865-1900

Old Industries Transformed, New Industries Born

  Railroads: America's First Big Business

  Andrew Carnegie, Steel, and Vertical Integration

  John D. Rockefeller, Standard Oil, and the Trust

  New Inventions: The Telephone and Electricity

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "The Vanderbilts and the Gilded Age"

From Competition to Consolidation

  J. P. Morgan and Finance Capitalism

  Social Darwinism, Laissez-Faire, and the Supreme Court

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Social Darwinism: Did Wealthy Industrialists Practice What They Preached?"

Politics and Culture

  Political Participation and Party Loyalty

  Sectionalism and the New South

  Gender, Race, and Politics

  Women's Activism

Presidential Politics

  Corruption and Party Strife

  Garfield's Assassination and Civil Service Reform

  Reform and Scandal: The Campaign of 1884

Economic Issues and Party Realignment

  The Tariff and the Politics of Protection

  Railroads, Trusts, and the Federal Government

  The Fight for Free Silver

  Panic and Depression

Conclusion: Business Dominates an Era

19. The City and Its Workers, 1870-1900

The Rise of the City

  The Urban Explosion: A Global Migration

  Racism and the Cry for Immigration Restriction

  The Social Geography of the City

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Seeking Refuge: Russian Jews Escape the Pogroms"

At Work in Industrial America

  America's Diverse Workers

  The Family Economy: Women and Children

  White-Collar Workers: Managers, "Typewriters," and Salesclerks

Workers Organize

  The Great Railroad Strike of 1877

  The Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor

  Haymarket and the Specter of Labor Radicalism

At Home and at Play

  Domesticity and "Domestics"

  Cheap Amusements

City Growth and City Government

  Building Cities of Stone and Steel

  City Government and the "Bosses"

  White City or City of Sin?

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "The World's Columbian Exposition and Nineteenth-Century World's Fairs"

Conclusion: Who Built the Cities?

20. Dissent, Depression, and War, 1890-1900

The Farmers' Revolt

  The Farmers' Alliance

  The Populist Movement

The Labor Wars

  The Homestead Lockout

  The Cripple Creek Miners' Strike of 1894

  Eugene V. Debs and the Pullman Strike

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Press and the Pullman Strike: Framing Class Conflict"

Women's Activism

  Frances Willard and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union

  Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and the Movement for Woman Suffrage

Depression Politics

  Coxey's Army

  The People's Party and the Election of 1896

The United States and the World

  Markets and Missionaries

  The Monroe Doctrine and the Open Door Policy

  "A Splendid Little War"

  The Debate over American Imperialism

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Regime Change in Hawai'i"

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Did Terrorists Sink the Maine?"

Conclusion: Rallying around the Flag

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