The American Promise, Volume II: Since 1865: A History of the United States / Edition 5

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Overview

The American Promise appeals to all types of students and provides the right resources and tools to support any classroom environment. A clear political framework supports a vibrant social and cultural story that embraces the voices of hundreds of Americans — from presidents to pipefitters and sharecroppers to suffragettes — who help students connect with history and grasp important concepts. Now in its fifth edition, The American Promise does even more to increase historical analysis skills and facilitate active learning, and its robust array of multimedia supplements make it the perfect choice for traditional face-to-face classrooms, hybrid courses, and distance learning.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312663148
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 1/9/2012
  • Edition description: Fifth Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 576
  • Sales rank: 122,961
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

JAMES L. ROARK
Born in Eunice, Louisiana, and raised in the West, James L. Roark received his B.A. from the University of California, Davis, and his Ph.D. from Stanford University. His dissertation won the Allan Nevins Prize. Since 1983, he has taught at Emory University, where he is Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of American History. In 1993, he received the Emory Williams Distinguished Teaching Award, and in 2001–2002 he was Pitt Professor of American Institutions at Cambridge University. He has written Masters without Slaves: Southern Planters in the Civil War and Reconstruction (1977). With Michael P. Johnson, he is author of Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South (1984) and editor of No Chariot Let Down: Charleston’s Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War (1984).
 
MICHAEL P. JOHNSON
Born and raised in Ponca City, Oklahoma, Michael P. Johnson studied at Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, where he received a B.A., and at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, where he earned  his Ph.D.  He is currently professor of history at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. He is the author, co-author, or editor of six books, including Reading the American Past, the documents reader designed to accompany The American Promise.  His research has been honored with fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanties, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavoral Sciences, and the Huntington Library, and with prizes from the Organization of American Historians and the Omohundro Insttute of Early American History and Culture.  He is also the recipient of university prizes for outstanding undergraduate teaching.
 
PATRICIA CLINE COHEN
Born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and raised in Palo Alto, California, Patricia Cline Cohen earned a B.A. at the University of Chicago and a Ph.D. at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1976, she joined the history faculty at the University of California, Santa Barbara. In 2005–2006 she received the university’s Distinguished Teaching Award. Cohen has written A Calculating People: The Spread of Numeracy in Early America (1982; reissued 1999) and The Murder of Helen Jewett: The Life and Death of a Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century New York (1998). She is coauthor of The Flash Press: Sporting Male Weeklies in 1840s New York (2008). In 2001–2002 she was the Distinguished Senior Mellon Fellow at the American Antiquarian Society.
 
SARAH STAGE
Sarah Stage was born in Davenport, Iowa, and received a B.A. from the University of Iowa and a Ph.D. in American Studies from Yale University. She has taught U.S. history for more than twenty-five years at Williams College and the University of California, Riverside. Currently she is professor of Women’s Studies at Arizona State University at the West campus in Phoenix. Her books include Female Complaints: Lydia Pinkham and the Business of Women’s Medicine (1979) and Rethinking Home Economics: Women and the History of a Profession (1997). She recently returned from China where she had an appointment as visiting scholar at Peking University and Sichuan University.
 
SUSAN M. HARTMANN
Susan M. Hartmann received her B.A. from Washington University and her Ph.D. from the University of Missouri. A specialist in modern U.S. history and women’s history, she has published many articles and four books: Truman and the 80th Congress (1971); The Home Front and Beyond: American Women in the 1940s (1982); From Margin to Mainstream: American Women and Politics since 1960 (1989); and The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishment (1998). She is currently Arts and Humanities Distinguished Professor of History at Ohio State University and recently was a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

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Table of Contents

16. Reconstruction, 1863-1877

Wartime Reconstruction

  "To Bind Up the Nation's Wounds"

  Land and Labor

  The African American Quest for Autonomy

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Meaning of Freedom"

Presidential Reconstruction

  Johnson's Program of Reconciliation

  White Southern Resistance and Black Codes

  Expansion of Federal Authority and Black Rights

Congressional Reconstruction

  The Fourteenth Amendment and Escalating Violence

  Radical Reconstruction and Military Rule

  Impeaching a President

  The Fifteenth Amendment and Women's Demands

The Struggle in the South

  Freedmen, Yankees, and Yeomen

  Republican Rule

  White Landlords, Black Sharecroppers

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "What Did the Ku Klux Klan Really Want?"

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "A Post-Slavery Encounter"

Reconstruction Collapses

  Grant's Troubled Presidency

  Northern Resolve Withers

  White Supremacy Triumphs

  An Election and a Compromise

Conclusion: "A Revolution But Half Accomplished"

17. The Contested West, 1865-1900

Conquest and Empire in the West

  Indian Removal and the Reservation System

  The Decimation of the Great Bison Herds

  Indian Wars and the Collapse of Comancher’a

  The Fight for the Black Hills

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Imperialism, Colonialism, and the Treatment of the Sioux and the Zulu"

Forced Assimilation and Resistance Strategies

  Indian Schools and the War against Indian Culture

  The Dawes Act and Indian Land Allotment

  Indian Resistance and Survival

Gold Fever and the Mining West

  Mining on the Comstock Lode

  The Diverse Peoples of the West

  Territorial Government

Land Fever

  Moving West: Homesteaders and Speculators

  Ranchers and Cowboys

  Tenants, Sharecroppers, and Migrants

  Commercial Farming and Industrial Cowboys

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Young Women Homesteaders and the Promise of the West"

Conclusion: The West in the Gilded Age

18. Business and Politics in the Gilded Age, 1865-1900

Old Industries Transformed, New Industries Born

  Railroads: America's First Big Business

  Andrew Carnegie, Steel, and Vertical Integration

  John D. Rockefeller, Standard Oil, and the Trust

  New Inventions: The Telephone and Electricity

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "The Vanderbilts and the Gilded Age"

From Competition to Consolidation

  J. P. Morgan and Finance Capitalism

  Social Darwinism, Laissez-Faire, and the Supreme Court

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Social Darwinism: Did Wealthy Industrialists Practice What They Preached?"

Politics and Culture

  Political Participation and Party Loyalty

  Sectionalism and the New South

  Gender, Race, and Politics

  Women's Activism

Presidential Politics

  Corruption and Party Strife

  Garfield's Assassination and Civil Service Reform

  Reform and Scandal: The Campaign of 1884

Economic Issues and Party Realignment

  The Tariff and the Politics of Protection

  Railroads, Trusts, and the Federal Government

  The Fight for Free Silver

  Panic and Depression

Conclusion: Business Dominates an Era

19. The City and Its Workers, 1870-1900

The Rise of the City

  The Urban Explosion: A Global Migration

  Racism and the Cry for Immigration Restriction

  The Social Geography of the City

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Seeking Refuge: Russian Jews Escape the Pogroms"

At Work in Industrial America

  America's Diverse Workers

  The Family Economy: Women and Children

  White-Collar Workers: Managers, "Typewriters," and Salesclerks

Workers Organize

  The Great Railroad Strike of 1877

  The Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor

  Haymarket and the Specter of Labor Radicalism

At Home and at Play

  Domesticity and "Domestics"

  Cheap Amusements

City Growth and City Government

  Building Cities of Stone and Steel

  City Government and the "Bosses"

  White City or City of Sin?

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "The World's Columbian Exposition and Nineteenth-Century World's Fairs"

Conclusion: Who Built the Cities?

20. Dissent, Depression, and War, 1890-1900

The Farmers' Revolt

  The Farmers' Alliance

  The Populist Movement

The Labor Wars

  The Homestead Lockout

  The Cripple Creek Miners' Strike of 1894

  Eugene V. Debs and the Pullman Strike

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Press and the Pullman Strike: Framing Class Conflict"

Women's Activism

  Frances Willard and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union

  Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and the Movement for Woman Suffrage

Depression Politics

  Coxey's Army

  The People's Party and the Election of 1896

The United States and the World

  Markets and Missionaries

  The Monroe Doctrine and the Open Door Policy

  "A Splendid Little War"

  The Debate over American Imperialism

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Regime Change in Hawai'i"

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Did Terrorists Sink the Maine?"

Conclusion: Rallying around the Flag

21. Progressivism from the Grass Roots to the White House, 1890-1916

Grassroots Progressivism

  Civilizing the City

  Progressives and the Working Class

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Making the Workplace Safer: Alice Hamilton Explores the Dangerous Trades"

Progressivism: Theory and Practice

  Reform Darwinism and Social Engineering

  Progressive Government: City and State

Progressivism Finds a President: Theodore Roosevelt

  The Square Deal

  Roosevelt the Reformer

  Roosevelt and Conservation

  The Big Stick

  The Troubled Presidency of William Howard Taft

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "The Birth of Photojournalism"

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Progressives and Conservation: Should Hetch Hetchy Be Dammed or Saved?"

Woodrow Wilson and Progressivism at High Tide

  Progressive Insurgency and the Election of 1912

  Wilson's Reforms: Tariff, Banking, and the Trusts

  Wilson, Reluctant Progressive

The Limits of Progressive Reform

  Radical Alternatives

  Progressivism for White Men Only

Conclusion: The Transformation of the Liberal State

22. World War I: The Progressive Crusade at Home and Abroad, 1914-1920

Woodrow Wilson and the World

  Taming the Americas

  The European Crisis

  The Ordeal of American Neutrality

  The United States Enters the War

"Over There"

  The Call to Arms

  The War in France

The Crusade for Democracy at Home

  The Progressive Stake in the War

  Women, War, and the Battle for Suffrage

  Rally around the Flag — or Else

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Seeking to Serve: An American Woman in Wartime France"

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Final Push for Woman Suffrage"

A Compromised Peace

  Wilson's Fourteen Points

  The Paris Peace Conference

  The Fight for the Treaty

Democracy at Risk

  Economic Hardship and Labor Upheaval

  The Red Scare

  The Great Migrations of African Americans and Mexicans

  Postwar Politics and the Election of 1920

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Bolshevism"

Conclusion: Troubled Crusade

23. From New Era to Great Depression, 1920-1932

The New Era

  A Business Government

  Promoting Prosperity and Peace Abroad

  Automobiles, Mass Production, and Assembly-Line Progress

  Consumer Culture

The Roaring Twenties

  Prohibition

  The New Woman

  The New Negro

  Entertainment for the Masses

  The Lost Generation

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Advertising in a Consumer Age"

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Was There a Sexual Revolution in the 1920s?"

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Quest for Home Ownership in Segregated Detroit"

Resistance to Change

  Rejecting the Undesirables

  The Rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan

  The Scopes Trial

  Al Smith and the Election of 1928

The Great Crash

  Herbert Hoover: The Great Engineer

  The Distorted Economy

  The Crash of 1929

  Hoover and the Limits of Individualism

Life in the Depression

  The Human Toll

  Denial and Escape

  Working-Class Militancy

Conclusion: Dazzle and Despair

24. The New Deal Experiment, 1932-1939

Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Patrician in Government

  The Making of a Politician

  The Election of 1932

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Fascism: Adolf Hitler and National Socialism"

Launching the New Deal

  The New Dealers

  Banking and Finance Reform

  Relief and Conservation Programs

  Agricultural Initiatives

  Industrial Recovery

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Textile Workers Strike for Better Wages and Working Conditions"

Challenges to the New Deal

  Resistance to Business Reform

  Casualties in the Countryside

  Politics on the Fringes

Toward a Welfare State

  Relief for the Unemployed

  Empowering Labor

  Social Security and Tax Reform

  Neglected Americans and the New Deal

The New Deal from Victory to Deadlock

  The Election of 1936

  Court Packing

  Reaction and Recession

  The Last of the New Deal Reforms

Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of the New Deal

25. The United States and the Second World War, 1939-1945

Peacetime Dilemmas

  Roosevelt and Reluctant Isolation

  The Good Neighbor Policy

  The Price of Noninvolvement

The Onset of War

  Nazi Aggression and War in Europe

  From Neutrality to the Arsenal of Democracy

  Japan Attacks America

Mobilizing for War

  Home-Front Security

  Building a Citizen Army

  Conversion to a War Economy

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Japanese Internment"

Fighting Back

  Turning the Tide in the Pacific

  The Campaign in Europe

The Wartime Home Front

  Women and Families, Guns and Butter

  The Double V Campaign

  Wartime Politics and the 1944 Election

  Reaction to the Holocaust

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: Nazi Anti-Semitism and the Atomic Bomb"

Toward Unconditional Surrender

  From Bombing Raids to Berlin

  The Defeat of Japan

  Atomic Warfare

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Why Did the Allies Win World War II?"

Conclusion: Allied Victory and America's Emergence as a Superpower

26. Cold War Politics in the Truman Years, 1945-1953

From the Grand Alliance to Containment

  The Cold War Begins

  The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan

  Building a National Security State

  Superpower Rivalry around the Globe

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Emerging Cold War"

Truman and the Fair Deal at Home

  Reconverting to a Peacetime Economy

  Blacks and Mexican Americans Push for Their Civil Rights

  The Fair Deal Flounders

  The Domestic Chill: McCarthyism

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "What Happened to Rosie the Riveter?"

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "An Immigrant Scientist Encounters the Anti-Communist Crusade"

The Cold War Becomes Hot: Korea

  Korea and the Military Implementation of Containment

  From Containment to Rollback to Containment

  Korea, Communism, and the 1952 Election

  An Armistice and the War's Costs

Conclusion: The Cold War's Costs and Consequences

27. The Politics and Culture of Abundance, 1952-1960

Eisenhower and the Politics of the "Middle Way"

  Modern Republicanism

  Termination and Relocation of Native Americans

  The 1956 Election and the Second Term

Liberation Rhetoric and the Practice of Containment

  The "New Look" in Foreign Policy

  Applying Containment to Vietnam

  Interventions in Latin America and the Middle East

  The Nuclear Arms Race

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Operation Pedro Pan: Young Political Refugees Take Flight"

New Work and Living Patterns in an Economy of Abundance

  Technology Transforms Agriculture and Industry

  Burgeoning Suburbs and Declining Cities

  The Rise of the Sun Belt

  The Democratization of Higher Education

The Culture of Abundance

  Consumption Rules the Day

  The Revival of Domesticity and Religion

  Television Transforms Culture and Politics

  Countercurrents

The Emergence of a Civil Rights Movement

  African Americans Challenge the Supreme Court and the President

  Montgomery and Mass Protes

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Brown Decision"

Conclusion: Peace and Prosperity Mask Unmet Challenges

28. Reform, Rebellion, and Reaction, 1960-1974

Liberalism at High Tide

  The Unrealized Promise of Kennedy's New Frontier

  Johnson Fulfills the Kennedy Promise

  Policymaking for a Great Society

  Assessing the Great Society

  The Judicial Revolution

The Second Reconstruction

  The Flowering of the Black Freedom Struggle

  The Response in Washington

  Black Power and Urban Rebellions

A Multitude of Movements

  Native American Protest

  Latino Struggles for Justice

  Student Rebellion, the New Left, and the Counterculture

  Gay Men and Lesbians Organize

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Student Protest"

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Anti-Establishment Clothing"

The New Wave of Feminism

  A Multifaceted Movement Emerges

  Feminist Gains Spark a Countermovement

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Transnational Feminisms"

Liberal Reform in the Nixon Administration

  Extending the Welfare State and Regulating the Economy

  Responding to Environmental Concerns

  Expanding Social Justice

Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of Liberalism

29. Vietnam and the End of the Cold War Consensus, 1961-1975

New Frontiers in Foreign Policy

  Meeting the "Hour of Maximum Danger"

  New Approaches to the Third World

  The Arms Race and the Nuclear Brink

  A Growing War in Vietnam

Lyndon Johnson's War against Communism

  An All-Out Commitment in Vietnam

  Preventing Another Castro in Latin America

  The Americanized War

  Those Who Served

A Nation Polarized

  The Widening War at Home

  The Tet Offensive and Johnson's Move toward Peace

  The Tumultuous Election of 1968

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "1968: A Year of Protest"

Nixon, Deetente, and the Search for Peace in Vietnam

  Moving toward Detente with the Soviet Union and China

  Shoring Up U.S. Interests around the World

  Vietnam Becomes Nixon's War

  The Peace Accords

  The Legacy of Defeat

SEEKNG THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "From the Fall of Saigon to the House of Representatives"

Conclusion: An Unwinnable War

30. America Moves to the Right, 1969-1989

Nixon, Conservatism, and Constitutional Crisis

  Emergence of a Grassroots Movement

  Nixon Courts the Right

  The Election of 1972

  Watergate

  The Ford Presidency and the 1976 Election

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "A Mother Campaigns for a Say in Her Children's Education"

The "Outsider" Presidency of Jimmy Carter

  Retreat from Liberalism

  Energy and Environmental Reform

  Promoting Human Rights Abroad

  The Cold War Intensifies

Ronald Reagan and the Conservative Ascendancy

  Appealing to the New Right and Beyond

  Unleashing Free Enterprise

  Winners and Losers in a Flourishing Economy

Continuing Struggles over Rights

  Battles in the Courts and Congress

  Feminism on the Defensive

  The Gay and Lesbian Rights Movement

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Why Did the ERA Fail?"

Ronald Reagan Confronts an "Evil Empire"

  Militarization and Interventions Abroad

  The Iran-Contra Scandal

  A Thaw in Soviet-American Relations

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Protecting Gay and Lesbian Rights"

Conclusion: Reversing the Course of Government

31. The Promises and Challenges of Globalization, Since 1989

Domestic Stalemate and Global Upheaval: The Presidency of George H. W. Bush

  Gridlock in Government

  Going to War in Central America and the Persian Gulf

  The Cold War Ends

  The 1992 Election

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Suing for Access: Disability and the Courts"

The Clinton Administration's Search for the Middle Ground

  Clinton's Reforms

  Accommodating the Right

  Impeaching the President

  The Booming Economy of the 1990s

The United States in a Globalizing World

  Defining America's Place in a New World Order

  Debates over Globalization

  The Internationalization of the United States

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Jobs in a Globalizing Era"

President George W. Bush: Conservatism at Home and Radical Initiatives Abroad

  The Disputed Election of 2000

  The Domestic Policies of a "Compassionate Conservative"

  The Globalization of Terrorism

  Unilateralism, Preemption, and the Iraq War

The Obama Presidency: Reform and Backlash

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Caricaturing the Candidates: Clinton and Obama in 2008"

Conclusion: Defining the Government's Role at Home and Abroad

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