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The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal

Overview

In dark skirts and bloodied boots, Clara Barton fearlessly ventured on to Civil War battlefields to tend to wounded soldiers. She later worked with civilians in Europe during the Franco-Prussian War, lobbied legislators to ratify the Geneva conventions, and founded and ran the American Red Cross. The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal tells the story of the charitable organization from its start in 1881, through its humanitarian aid during wars, natural ...

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The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal

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Overview

In dark skirts and bloodied boots, Clara Barton fearlessly ventured on to Civil War battlefields to tend to wounded soldiers. She later worked with civilians in Europe during the Franco-Prussian War, lobbied legislators to ratify the Geneva conventions, and founded and ran the American Red Cross. The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal tells the story of the charitable organization from its start in 1881, through its humanitarian aid during wars, natural disasters, and the Depression, to its relief efforts of the 1930s.

Marian Moser Jones illustrates the tension between the organization’s founding principles of humanity and neutrality and the political, economic, and moral pressures that sometimes caused it to favor one group at the expense of another.

This expansive book narrates the stories of:

• U.S. natural disasters such as the Jacksonville yellow fever epidemic of 1888, the Sea Islands hurricane of 1893, and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake• crises abroad, including the 1892 Russian famine and the Armenian massacres of 1895–96• efforts to help civilians affected by the civil war in Cuba• power struggles within the American Red Cross leadership and subsequent alliances with the American government• the organization's expansion during World War I• race riots in East St. Louis, Chicago, and Tulsa between 1917 and 1921• help for African American and white Southerners after the Mississippi flood of 1927• relief projects during the Dust Bowl and after the New Deal

An epilogue relates the history of the American Red Cross since the beginning of World War II and illuminates the organization's current practices as well as its international reputation.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Editorial Reviews

The Chronicle Review
Traces the organization's history from its founding in 1881 to the 1930s.
Journal of the History of Medicine - Rima D. Apple
A cogent review of the complicated evolution of the American Red Cross... Jones skillfully dissects the origins, principles, and practices shaping the contemporary ARC.
H-SHGAPE, H-Net Reviews - Branden Little
Jones has, therefore, written a significant book that should challenge historians to consider anew the intertwined development of national disaster responses and social welfare policies, and to better understand the inherent complexity of humanitarian aid
Journal of American History - Jacob A. C. Remes
Jones’s book is a valuable narrative and reference for scholars of humanitarianism, disaster, and volunteerism.
Bulletin of the History of Medicine - Julia F. Irwin
While specialists will welcome The American Red Cross as a well-researched and analytical treatment of the principal U.S. humanitarian organization, the book should also appeal to popular audiences. Jones tells a fascinating and approachable story.
Social History of Medicine - Rebecca Gill
This book provides a carefully researched examination of the particular path taken by the American Red Cross up to the Second World War. This is less a history of American exceptionalism than an illustration of the diversity of projects that operated under the banner of the Red Cross in this period.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781421407388
  • Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Publication date: 12/31/2012
  • Pages: 404
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Marian Moser Jones is an assistant professor of family science at the University of Maryland School of Public Health. She is a former DeWitt Stetten Fellow at the National Institutes of Health, Office of History.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Table of Contents

Introduction vii

Chronology xvii

Part I The Barton Era

1 Miss Barton Goes to Washington 3

2 Transatlantic Transplant 21

3 National Calamities 37

4 The Misfortunes of Other Nations 61

5 Cuba and Controversy 80

Part II The Boardman Era

6 Barton versus Boardman 97

7 Shifting Ground 116

8 Establishment 137

9 Fighting on Two Fronts 157

Part III Between the Wars

10 Triage for Terror 179

11 Baptism in Mud 198

12 Scorched Earth 225

13 A New Deal for Disasters 240

Epilogue: Blood and Grit 261

Acknowledgments 289

Notes 293

List of Archival Sources 366

Index 367

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