The Amnesias: A Clinical Textbook of Memory Disorders

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Overview

This concise but comprehensive text provides a systematic account of the memory disorders, whether they result from psychological stress, traumatic injury, stroke, or degenerative disease of the brain. The major amnesia syndromes are covered in consistently organized chapters that give a clear description of the clinical signs and symptoms, predisposing factors, prevalence and prognosis, pathophysiology to the extent that it is known, diagnostic approaches including tests used to evaluate the disorders, and therapeutic efforts. The book's emphasis is on facts rather than theory, and readers from a variety of disciplines will appreciate its clear, jargon-free, well-organized assessment of the state of knowledge about the memory disorders. These disciplines include neurobiology, neuropsychology, psychiatry, cognitive neuroscience, rehabilitation medicine, and gerontology. Even theorists will find the book useful since any theory of memory and its neurophysiological mechanisms must be constrained by the facts of amnesia if it is to be considered complete.

The book's clearcut scheme of organization will enhance its value and user-friendliness. It divides the amnesias into three types: progressive, permanent, and transient. The first type includes amnesias associated with neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, and with vascular dementias, contrasting them with memory decline resulting from normal aging. The second type consists of classic amnesic syndromes associated with limbic lesions of various etiologies such as Korsakoff's encephalopathy and traumatic brain injuries. The third type includes transient global, transient epileptic, and ECT-induced amnesias as well as the reversible psychogenic amnesias associated with dissociative and fugue states. These discussions are preceded by two introductory chapters that define the mnemonic and amnesic phenomena, classify the various memory systems and functions, and describe the putative brain circuitry underlying these functions, including molecular mechanisms, neurotransmitter systems, and the effects of stress-related hormones and drugs, with the aid of magnetic resonance images and anatomical drawings.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: Michael Joel Schrift, D.O., M.A.(University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine)
Description: This is a first-rate book covering the disorders of memory. Written and edited by internationally recognized memory researchers, this is a welcome addition to the neuropsychological literature.
Purpose: The purpose, according to the editor, is to produce a book that encompasses the basic features of all amnesic syndromes and a comprehensive account of the neuropsychological tests that assess them. Indeed, the editor and chapter authors have provided a useful tool to conceptualize these interesting disorders.
Audience: The intended audience includes neuropsychologists and graduate students in psychology and memory research. Neuropsychiatrists, psychiatrists, and neurologists would benefit as well.
Features: The book opens with an introductory conceptual chapter followed by chapters on putative brain mechanisms, aging and memory, dementia, semantic amnesia, limbic amnesia, traumatic amnesia, transient global amnesia, transient epileptic amnesia, ECT and memory loss, and psychogenic amnesia. For neuropsychologists, the index of neuropsychological tests will be quite helpful. This is a scholarly book with pertinent and up-to-date references of the scientific literature.
Assessment: "This is a superb book on the amnesias. Any clinician who treats patients with disorders of memory should read this excellent book. "
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195172454
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 1/1/2004
  • Pages: 336
  • Product dimensions: 9.20 (w) x 6.30 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

The University of Texas-Houston Health Science Center
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Table of Contents

Preface
1. Phenomenon and Constructs, Andrew C. Papanicolaou
2. Putative Cerebral Mechanisms of Memory, Pramod K. Dash, Jason D. Runyan, Sonja Blum, April E. Hebert, Panagiotis G. Simos, Andrew C. Papanicolaou
3. Age-related Memory Decline, Alexandra Economou, Panagiotis G. Simos, Andrew C. Papanicolaou
4. Amnesia Associated with the Dementias, Alexandra Economou, Sokratis G. Papageorgiou, Andrew C. Papanicolaou
5. Semantic Amnesia, Andrew C. Papanicolaou, Rebecca Billingsley-Marshall, David Molfese, Barbara Novak
6. Limbic Amnesia, Rebecca Billingsley-Marshall, Panagiotis G. Simos, Andrew C. Papanicolaou
7. Traumatic Amnesia, Mary H. Kosmidis, Aikaterini Giazkoulidou, Vasilis P. Bozikas, Andrew C. Papanicolaou
8. Transient Global Amnesia, Panagiotis G. Simos, Andrew C. Papanicoloau
9. Transient Epileptic Amnesia, Mary H. Kosmidis, Andrew C. Papanicolaou
10. ECT-Induced Amnesia, Mary H. Kosmidis, Andrew C. Papanicolaou
11. Psychogenic Amnesia, Ioanna Savvidou, Vasilis P. Bozikas, Andrew C. Papanicolaou
12. Notes for a Theory of Memory, Andrew C. Papanicolaou
Appendix: Neuropsychological Tests for Assessment of Memory David W. Loring

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