The Antecedents of Antichrist: A Traditio-Historical Study of the Earliest Christian Views on Eschatological Opponents

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The present volume discusses the earliest Christian views on eschatological opponents and their backgrounds in contemporary Judaism. It treats the rich variety of early Christian speculations on the subject and shows that, within this variety, a continuity with Jewish speculations is to be discerned.
Part One of this book treats the early Christian passages of the period up to Irenaeus that contain speculations on the coming of an eschatological opponent. Part Two offers a survey of Jewish expectations that formed the basis for the Christian speculations discussed. After the General Conclusion the book finishes with an extensive Bibliography and an Index.
The book is of interest to any student of early Christian eschatology and the continuity between early Christianity and contemporary Judaism.

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Editorial Reviews

Treats the early Christian passages of the period up to Irenaeus that contain speculations on the coming of an opponent to Christ for the occasion of Armageddon, and surveys the Jewish expectations that formed the basis for those speculations. Among the Christian figures described are false prophets and messiahs, the man of ungodliness, the dragon and the beast from Revelation, the deceiver of the world, the eschatological tyrant, and Isaiah's Beliar. The Jewish sources include the Books of Daniel and Jubilees, 1 Enoch, literature in Qumran, Moses, the fourth Ezra, the Syriac apocalypse of Baruch, and the Sibylline oracles. Revised from a 1995 Ph. D. dissertation for the University of Leiden. No illustrations or subject index. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Lambertus J. Lietaert Peerbolte, obtained his Ph.D. degree at the University of Leiden in 1995. His thesis formed the basis for the monograph. Currently he is employed at the Seminary of the Dutch Reformed Church in Leiden.
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Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations
Preface 1
1 The Subject and the History of Research 3
2 False Prophets, False Messiahs, and Chaos: Mark 13 Parr and 1 Apoc. Pet. 2,7-13 23
3 The Man of Ungodliness: 2 Thessalonians 2,1-12 and Justin, Dialogue with Trypho 32 and 110 63
4 The Antichrist: 1 and 2 John and Polycarp, Phil. 7,1 96
5 The Dragon, the Beast, and the False Prophet: The Book of Revelation 114
6 The Deceiver of the World: Didache 16 170
7 The Eschatological Tyrant: Epistle of Barnabas 4 184
8 Beliar: The Ascension of Isaiah 4 194
9 Conclusion to Part One 206
10 The Book of Daniel 224
11 The Book of Jubilees 239
12 1 Enoch 245
13 The Literature Found in Qumran 258
14 The Assumption of Moses 297
15 The Book of Fourth Ezra 303
16 The Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch 316
17 The Sibylline Oracles 326
18 Conclusion to Part Two 340
19 General Conclusion 344
Bibliography 346
Index Locorum 370
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