The Archaeology of Drylands: Living on Margins

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Many dryland regions contain archaeological remains which suggest that there must have been intensive phases of settlement in what now seem to be dry and degraded environments. This book discusses successes and failures of past land use and settlement in drylands, and contributes to wider debates about desertification and the sustainability of dryland settlement.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415230018
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 12/28/2000
  • Series: One World Archaeology Series
  • Pages: 400
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

List of figures
List of tables
List of contributors
Series editors' foreword
1 Living at the margin: themes in the archaeology of drylands 3
2 The dynamic climatology of drylands 19
3 The decline of desert agriculture: a view from the classical period Negev 45
4 Farmers, herders and miners in the Wadi Faynan, southern Jordan: a 10,000-year landscape archaeology 63
5 Differing strategies for water supply and farming in the Syrian Black Desert 86
6 Irrigation agriculture in Central Asia: a long-term perspective from Turkmenistan 103
7 Conquests and land degradation in the eastern Maghreb during classical antiquity and the Middle Ages 125
8 Success, longevity, and failure of arid-land agriculture: Romano-Libyan floodwater farming in the Tripolitanian pre-desert 137
9 Twelve thousand years of human adaptation in Fezzan (Libyan Sahara) 160
10 Farming and famine: subsistence strategies in Highland Ethiopia 180
11 Engaruka: farming by irrigation in Maasailand, c.A.D. 1400-1700 201
12 The agricultural landscape of the Nyanga area of Zimbabwe 220
13 Fifteenth-century agropastoral responses to a disequilibrial ecosystem in southwestern Botswana 233
14 Islands of intensive agriculture in African drylands: towards an explanatory framework 252
15 Prehistoric agriculture and anthropogenic ecology of the North American Southwest 271
16 The role of maguey in the Mesoamerican tierra fria: ethnographic, historic and archaeological perspectives 288
17 Traditional irrigation systems in dryland Switzerland 315
18 Desertification, land degradation and land abandonment in the Rhone valley, France 336
Index 355
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