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A complete catalog with a Foreword by Henry-Russell Hitchcock.
5757 WOODLAWN AVE., CHICAGO,
N 41" 48.386' W 87" 35.776' MAP 32
The house designed for Frederick C. Robie is Wright's best
expression of the Prairie masonry structure. Sheathed in Roman brick
and overhung so perfectly that a midsummer noon sun barely strikes
the foot of the long, glass-walled southern exposure of the raised
living quarters, it demonstrates Wright's total control and
appreciation of microclimatic effects. This is coupled with a high
degree of integration of the mechanical and electrical systems
designed by Wright into the visual expression of the interior.
Living and dining space are in line, with only the fireplace-open
above the mantel-providing separation. Sleeping quarters are a floor
above, play and billiard rooms below at ground level.
With the Robie house, development of the Prairie cantilever
reaches maturity. The cantilever was, to Wright, the second
principle of organic design (the unit system, generating a regular
grid, was the first). The west veranda is shadedby a cantilevered
hip roof that reaches 10 feet from the nearest possible supporting
member and 21 feet from the closest masonry pier.
Window mullions are consistently on 4-foot centers, suggesting
this as the unit used by Wright in the design. The garage and its
surrounding wall were later altered from the original design.
The Robie house is owned by the University of Chicago and
managed by the Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust. Guided tours
S.038 Isidore Heller Residence
S.038A (1896) and
5132 WOODLAWN AVE., CHICAGO,
N 41" 48.101' W 87" 35.818' MAP 32
The primary axis of the Heller house is east-west, with its
entry on the south side rather than on the street facade. The living
room occupies the front quarter of the house. The main hallway runs
from the center of the living room past the entry and reception
room, with stairs on the opposite side, to the fireplace end of the
dining room. To the rear are a kitchen and a servants' dining room.
Yellow roman brick is complemented by white stone outside, waxed
white oak inside, with plaster "saturated with pure color" in a
rough sand finish.
This is among the earliest of Wright's explorations of
three-story residence designs. Though there are occasional "finished
attics" in some earlier houses, here Wright provides servants'
quarters and a large play room. The third story is decorated in
sculpted figures by Richard Bock.
Wright also designed alterations at the second level that
would have provided for a new bedroom for Mrs. Heller with more
windows to both south and north, over the kitchen and servants'
dining area. An elevator, rising from ground to attic floor, was
installed. No coherent plans of a single date seem to exist, and the
available attic plan does not show the house as it was constructed.
Excerpted from The Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright
by William Allin Storrer
Copyright © 2003 by University of Chicago.
Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
Shaking Houses Out of His Sleeve
Catalog of Frank Lloyd Wright Buildings
Field Guide/Maps to the Extant Work of Frank Lloyd Wright
Chicago Visual Index and State Index
Credits for Photos Not Otherwise Noted