The Art of Empirical Investigation

Overview

Julian Simon was known for his methodical, and often controversial, writings challenging conventional beliefs about overpopulation, pollution, disappearing farmland, and the scarcity of energy sources and raw materials. But throughout his works is a common theme: that responsible, unbiased research and examination of the data is indispensable to formulating a well-informed and accurate opinion. The Art of Empirical Investigation teaches student, professor, researcher, and those interested in ascertaining the ...

See more details below
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (6) from $29.05   
  • New (3) from $42.86   
  • Used (3) from $29.05   
Sending request ...

Overview

Julian Simon was known for his methodical, and often controversial, writings challenging conventional beliefs about overpopulation, pollution, disappearing farmland, and the scarcity of energy sources and raw materials. But throughout his works is a common theme: that responsible, unbiased research and examination of the data is indispensable to formulating a well-informed and accurate opinion. The Art of Empirical Investigation teaches student, professor, researcher, and those interested in ascertaining the truth about social issues just how to proceed.

The Art of Empirical Investigation is a textbook on the basics of social-scientific research. It discusses all the important empirical methods used in social science, and its examples, drawn from a wide variety of academic and applied fields, illustrate the use of each method in its most appropriate context. The actual decisions a researcher must make at every stage of a project are emphasized, as well as obstacles to knowledge--such as observer bias, deception, unreliability of data, and sampling costs--and how to overcome them. Presupposing nothing, the book introduces the reader to the foundations of empirical social-science research, regardless of a specific field. It also makes an important contribution to beginning researchers' understanding of an operational definition of causality, which cuts through philosophical obscurity and teaches the researcher how to decide whether or not a given relationship is causal.

James E. Katz contributes an introduction written for this new edition, in which he explains why, after over three decades, this remains one of the best books on research methods around. Written in a clear, informal style, The Art of Empirical Investigation is a must for the student and teacher of the social sciences, researchers, and journalists.

Julian L. Simon (1932-1998) was professor of business administration at the University of Maryland and Distinguished Senior Fellow of the Cato Institute. His books, as author or editor, include Population Matters, Hoodwinking the Nation, and The Economics of Population: Key Classic Writing, all available from Transaction. James E. Katz is professor of communication at the School of Communication, Information and Library Studies at Rutgers University. He is the author of Machines That Become Us and Connections, both available from Transaction.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780765805300
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • Publication date: 9/12/2003
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 588
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.31 (d)

Meet the Author

Julian L. Simon (1932-1998) was professor of business administration at the University of Maryland and distinguished senior fellow of the Cato Institute. He is credited as being one of the founders of free-market environmentalism. His books include Hoodwinking the Nation, The Philosophy and Practice of Resampling Statistics, and The Ultimate Resource.

James E. Katz is professor and chair of the Department of Communication at Rutgers University where he also directs the Center for Mobile Communication Studies. In 2009, he was the Fulbright Distinguished Chair in Twentieth Century Communications History (Italy). Prior to coming to Rutgers, Katz headed a social science research unit at Bell Communications Research. He has two patents in the telecommunications field and has held fellowships at Harvard and MIT. He is the author of Magic in the Air: Mobile Communication and the Transformation of Social Life and Connections: Social and Cultural Studies of the Telephone in American Life, published by Transaction.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Transaction Edition
Preface to Second Edition
Acknowledgments to Second Edition
Acknowledgments to First Edition
Prologue
1 Introduction 3
Pt. 1 The Process of Social-Science Research
2 The Language of Research: Definitions and Validity 12
3 Basic Concepts of Research 30
4 Types of Empirical Research 43
5 Theory, Model, Hypothesis, and Empirical Research 62
6 Choosing Appropriate Proxies for Theoretical Variables 71
Pt. 2 Research Decisions and Procedures
7 The Steps in an Empirical Research Study 96
8 How to Assess the Potential Value of Research Projects 115
9 Sampling 126
10 Experiments: Pro, Con, and How to Do Them 145
11 Designing Experiments 160
12 Non-Experimental Designs for Studying Relationships 174
13 Surveys: Pro, Con, and How to Do Them 190
14 Some Other Qualitative and Quantitative Techniques 203
15 Classifying, Measuring, and Scaling 219
16 Scaling Human Responses 235
17 Data Handling, Adjusting, and Summarizing 244
Pt. 3 The Obstacles to Social-Science Knowledge and Ways to Overcome Them
18 The Concept of Obstacles in the Search for Empirical Knowledge 266
19 Obstacles Created by the Humanness of the Observer: Appendix on Interviewing 273
20 Complexilities and Intractability of the Human Mind: Appendix on Questionnaire Construction 294
21 Obstacles to Obtaining Adequate Subject Matter 309
22 Obstacles to the Study of Changes Over Time 336
23 Obstacles to the Search for Causal Relationships 341
24 The Master Obstacle: Cost 354
Pt. 4 Extracting the Meaning of Data
25 Analysis of Simple Data: Association and Regression 362
26 Searching for Relationships: Analysis of Complex Data 378
27 Inferential Statistics: Introduction 397
28 Probability and Hypothesis Testing by the Monte Carlo Method 410
29 Hypothesis Testing with Measured Data 430
30 Correlation and Other Statistical Issues 437
31 How Big a Sample? 459
32 The Concept of Causality in Social Science, with Notes on Prediction, Law, Explanation, and Function 472
Pt. 5 Epilogue
33 The Nature, Powers, and Limits of Social Science 500
Bibliography 514
Index 539
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)