The Backbone of History: Health and Nutrition in the Western Hemisphere

The Backbone of History: Health and Nutrition in the Western Hemisphere

by Richard H. Steckel
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0521617448

ISBN-13: 9780521617444

Pub. Date: 03/21/2005

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This study gathers skeletal evidence on seven basic indicators of health to assess chronic conditions that affected individuals who lived in the Western Hemisphere from 5000 B.C. to the late nineteenth century. Signs of biological stress in childhood and of degeneration in joints and in teeth increased in the several millenia before the arrival of Columbus as

Overview

This study gathers skeletal evidence on seven basic indicators of health to assess chronic conditions that affected individuals who lived in the Western Hemisphere from 5000 B.C. to the late nineteenth century. Signs of biological stress in childhood and of degeneration in joints and in teeth increased in the several millenia before the arrival of Columbus as populations moved into less healthy ecological environments.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521617444
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
03/21/2005
Pages:
654
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 1.46(d)

Table of Contents

Part I: 1. Introduction; Part II. Methodology: 2. Reconstructing health profiles from skeletal remains Alan H. Goodman and Debra L. Martin; 3. A health index from skeletal remains Richard H. Steckel, Paul W. Sciulli and Jerome C. Rose; 4. Paleodemography of the Americas Robert McCaa; Part III. Euro-Americans and African Americans in North America: 5. The health of the middle class: the St. Thomas Anglican church cemetery project Shelly Saunders, Ann Herring, Larry Sawchuck, Gerry Boyce, Rob Hoppa and Susan Klepp; 6. The poor in the mid-nineteenth century Northeastern United States Rosanne L. Higgins, Michael R. Haines, Lorena Walsh and Joyce E. Sirianni; 7. The effects of nineteenth-century military service on health Paul S. Sledzik and Lars G. Sandberg; 8. The health of slaves and free blacks in the East Ted A. Rathbun and Richard H. Steckel; 9. The quality of African American life in the Southwest near the turn of the twentieth century James Davidson, Jerome Rose, Myron Gutmann, Michael Haines, Keith Condon and Cindy Condon; Part IV. Native Americans in Central America: 10. Social disruption and the Maya civilization of Mesoamerica Rebecca Storey, Lourdes Marquez Morfin and Vernon Smith; 11. Health and nutrition in some Prehispanic Mesoamerican populations related with their way of life Lourdes Marquez Morfin, Robert McCaa, Rebecca Storey and Andres Del Angel; Part V. Native Americans and Euro-Americans in South America: 12. Patterns of health and nutrition in prehistoric and historic Ecuador Douglas H. Ubelaker and Linda A. Newson; 13. Economy, nutrition and disease in Southern, Coastal Brazil Walter Neves and Verônica Wesolowski; Part VI. Native Americans in North America: 14. A biohistory of health and behavior in the Georgia Bight Clark Larsen, Alfred Crosby, et al.; 15. Native Americans of Eastern North America Paul W. Sciulli and James Oberly; 16. Cultural longevity in the face of biological stress Ann L. W. Stodder, Debra L. Martin, Alan H. Goodman and Daniel T. Reff; 17. Health, nutrition, and demographic change in Native California Phillip L. Walker and Russell Thornton; 18. Welfare history on the Great Plains S. Ryan Johansson and Douglas Owsley; Part VII: 19. Patterns of health in the Western Hemisphere Richard H. Steckel and Jerome C. Rose; Part VIII: 20. Conclusions Richard H. Steckel and Jerome C. Rose; Part IX. Epilogue: 21. The body as evidence: the body of evidence George J. Armelagos and Peter J. Brown; 22. Over-specialization and remedies Philip D. Curtin.

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