The Backbone of History: Health and Nutrition in the Western Hemisphere

The Backbone of History: Health and Nutrition in the Western Hemisphere

by Richard H. Steckel
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521801672

ISBN-13: 9780521801676

Pub. Date: 09/01/1902

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

The Backbone of History defines the emerging field of macrobioarchaeology by gathering, skeletal evidence on seven basic indicators of health to assess chronic conditions that affected individuals who lived in the Western Hemisphere from 5000 B.C. to the late nineteenth century. Signs of biological stress in childhood and of degeneration in joints and in teeth…  See more details below

Overview

The Backbone of History defines the emerging field of macrobioarchaeology by gathering, skeletal evidence on seven basic indicators of health to assess chronic conditions that affected individuals who lived in the Western Hemisphere from 5000 B.C. to the late nineteenth century. Signs of biological stress in childhood and of degeneration in joints and in teeth increased in the several millennia before the arrival of Columbus as populations moved into less healthy ecological environments. Thus, pre-Colombian Native Americans were among the healthiest and the least healthy groups to live in the Western Hemisphere before the twentieth century.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521801676
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
09/01/1902
Pages:
654
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 1.38(d)

Table of Contents

1Introduction3
2Reconstructing health profiles from skeletal remains11
3A health index from skeletal remains61
4Paleodemography of the Americas : from ancient times to colonialism and beyond94
5The health of the middle class : the St. Thomas' Anglican Church Cemetery project130
6The poor in the mid-nineteenth-century northeastern United States : evidence from the Monroe County Almshouse, Rochester, New York162
7The effects of nineteenth-century military service on health185
8The health of slaves and free blacks in the east208
9The quality of African-American life in the old southwest near the turn of the twentieth century226
10Social disruption and the Maya civilization of Mesoamerica : a study of health and economy of the last thousand years283
11Health and nutrition in pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica307
12Patterns of health and nutrition in prehistoric and historic Ecuador343
13Economy, nutrition, and disease in prehistoric coastal Brazil : a case study from the state of Santa Catarina376
14A biohistory of health and behavior in the Georgia Bight : the agricultural transition and the impact of European contact406
15Native Americans in eastern North America : the southern Great Lakes and Upper Ohio Valley440
16Cultural longevity and biological stress in the American southwest481
17Health nutrition, and demographic change in Native California506
18Welfare history on the great plains : mortality and skeletal health, 1650 to 1900524
19Patterns of health in the western hemisphere563
20Conclusions583
21The body as evidence; the body of evidence593
22Overspecialization and remedies603

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