The Balance of Power: Stability in International Systemsby Emerson M. S. Niou, Peter C. Ordeshook, Gregory F. Rose
Pub. Date: 04/28/2010
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
One of the fundamental issues of international relations concerns whether, and under what conditions, stability prevails in anarchic systems--systems in which all authority and institutional restraints to action are wholly endogenous. This book uses the tools provided by contemporary game theory to develop a comprehensive theory of such systems and details both necessary and sufficient conditions for stability. The authors first define two forms of stability--system and resource stability. International political systems are said to be stable when no state confronts the possibility of a loss of sovereignty. Resource stability, in contrast, requires that the current distribution of wealth and power among states can change only due to differences in the vitality of economics. The theory developed in this book refines the classic balance of power theory and formally incorporates into that theory the consideration of endogenous resource growth, preventive war, war costs, and the imperatives of geography, revealing a fundamental conflict between the concepts of balancers and central powers.
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Table of ContentsAcknowledgements; 1. Introduction; 2. Basic elements of a model and definitions of stability; 3. System stability and the balance of power; 4. Resource stability and the balance of power; 5. Preventive war; 6. Geography, balancers and central powers; 7. Great-power alliance formation, 1871–1914; 8. European conflict resolution, 1875–1914; 9. Summary and conclusions; References and selected bibliography on European great-power relations, 1871–1914; Index.
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