The Biological Basis of Clinical Observations

Overview

Accurate clinical observations are key to good patient care and fundamental to clinical practice. A thorough understanding of the biological science underlying vital observations – such as taking the temperature or measuring the pulse – enables health professionals to make well-informed clinical decisions quickly and accurately. To be fully competent in these basic skills, there is a need to understand not only how and why procedures are performed, but also how results are affected, for example by variation in ...

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The Biological Basis of Clinical Observations

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Overview

Accurate clinical observations are key to good patient care and fundamental to clinical practice. A thorough understanding of the biological science underlying vital observations – such as taking the temperature or measuring the pulse – enables health professionals to make well-informed clinical decisions quickly and accurately. To be fully competent in these basic skills, there is a need to understand not only how and why procedures are performed, but also how results are affected, for example by variation in technique or the health status of the patient.

This new edition integrates clear explanations of the techniques involved in these procedures with the biological knowledge which gives them meaning. For each topic, William T. Blows explains the pathological basis for variations in observed results, focusing on relevant anatomy and physiology, genetics and pharmacology and the basic principles of care. This helpful text gives health practitioners at all levels the understanding needed to:

  • Perform clinical observations accurately
  • Make accurate judgements about the patient’s condition
  • Make accurate decisions concerning patient care.

In addition to all-new chapters on observations of nutrition; fluid balance and hydration; drug side effects and interactions; skin and pain, the text looks at:

  • Temperature
  • Cardiovascular observations
  • Respiratory observations
  • Urinary and bowel observations
  • Neurological observations

The Biological Basis of Clinical Observations is a unique text which integrates explanations of essential procedures with the biological knowledge that underpins practice. It is essential reading for all students preparing for clinical practice.

The book contains predominantly black-and-white illustrations, with some color illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Michele Pantle
This book provides the reader with clinical observations along with the biological principles that relate to the observations. Key terms are in bold print throughout the text. The purpose is to integrate clinical observations with the biological principles in order to enhance the meaning of the observation. The objectives of the book relate to the biological model which is often left out of nursing education. The author clearly meets the objectives of the publication. The book is written primarily for nursing students, but it could also be used in the acute care setting. The author cites nursing students, clinical staff, and educators as the audience. I see the audience as nursing students and nurses in clinical practice who may benefit from the review process. Nine chapters cover a wide array of subjects, ranging from temperature, cardiovascular, respiratory, and elimination observations to a more in-depth review of neurological observations. The book has the key terms in bold print. Many illustrations are used in the text to aid in an understanding of the subject matter. Key points are included at the end of each chapter. The cardiovascular chapters are well written and easy for the beginning nurse to understand. This book is helpful for the beginning student and practitioner to relate biological principles to nursing observations. The book is easy to read and contains key points in each chapter. I noticed there are spelling discrepancies with some of the medications that are listed in the book.
From The Critics
Reviewer: Michele None Pantle, RN, MS (Indiana State University)
Description: This book provides the reader with clinical observations along with the biological principles that relate to the observations. Key terms are in bold print throughout the text.
Purpose: The purpose is to integrate clinical observations with the biological principles in order to enhance the meaning of the observation. The objectives of the book relate to the biological model which is often left out of nursing education. The author clearly meets the objectives of the publication.
Audience: The book is written primarily for nursing students, but it could also be used in the acute care setting. The author cites nursing students, clinical staff, and educators as the audience. I see the audience as nursing students and nurses in clinical practice who may benefit from the review process.
Features: Nine chapters cover a wide array of subjects, ranging from temperature, cardiovascular, respiratory, and elimination observations to a more in-depth review of neurological observations. The book has the key terms in bold print. Many illustrations are used in the text to aid in an understanding of the subject matter. Key points are included at the end of each chapter. The cardiovascular chapters are well written and easy for the beginning nurse to understand.
Assessment: This book is helpful for the beginning student and practitioner to relate biological principles to nursing observations. The book is easy to read and contains key points in each chapter. I noticed there are spelling discrepancies with some of the medications that are listed in the book.

3 Stars from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415674621
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 7/26/2012
  • Edition description: Revised
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 306

Meet the Author

William T. Blows is Lecturer in Applied Biological Sciences at City University, London. He is also the author of The Biological Basis of Mental Health Nursing and The Biological Basis of Nursing: Cancer.

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Table of Contents

1. Temperature 2. Cardiovascular observations (I): the pulse and electrocardiogram (ECG) 3. Cardiovascular observations (II): blood pressure 4. Respiratory observations 5. Fluid balance 6. Nutrition 7. Elimination (I): urinary observations 8. Elimination (II): digestive observations 9. Skin 10. Neurological observations (I): consciousness 11. Pain 12. Neurological observations (II): eyes 13. Neurological observations (IV): movement 14. Drug side effects, interactions and allergies

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