The Boxer Rebellion and the Great Game in China

The Boxer Rebellion and the Great Game in China

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by David J. Silbey
     
 

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The year is 1900, and Western empires—both old and new—are locked in regional entanglements all across the globe. The British are losing a bitter war against the Boers while the German kaiser is busy building a vast new naval fleet. The United States struggles to put down a stubborn insurgency in the South Pacific while the upstart imperialist Japan

Overview

The year is 1900, and Western empires—both old and new—are locked in regional entanglements all across the globe. The British are losing a bitter war against the Boers while the German kaiser is busy building a vast new naval fleet. The United States struggles to put down a stubborn insurgency in the South Pacific while the upstart imperialist Japan begins to rattle the saber at neighboring Russia. And in China, a perennial pawn in the Great Game, a mysterious group of superstitious peasants are launching an attack on the Western powers they fear are corrupting their country. These ordinary Chinese—called Boxers by the West because of their martial arts showmanship—rise up seemingly out of nowhere. Foreshadowing the insurgencies of the more recent past, they lack a centralized leadership and instead tap into latent nationalism and deep economic frustration to build their army. Their battle cry: “Support the Qing, exterminate the foreigners.”

Many scholars brush off the Boxers as an ill-conceived and easily conquered movement, but here the military historian David J. Silbey shows just how close they came to beating back the combined might of all the imperial powers. Drawing on the diaries and letters of Allied soldiers and diplomats, Silbey paints a vivid portrait of the short-lived war. Even though the movement ended just as quickly as it began, the bravery and patriotism of the Boxers would inspire Chinese nationalists—including a young Mao Tse-tung—for decades to come.

Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
Silbey’s concise, lively account of an early experiment in multilateral intervention analyzes the imperialist motivations that led a mixed army of eight Western nations into a brief but bloody military expedition to suppress the Boxer movement, which spread across the plains of northern China in 1900, lashing out at the foreign powers that had carved the country into spheres of influence as the Qing dynasty wheezed toward its decline. After the Empress Dowager Cixi ended her policy of suppressing the Boxers, they besieged the foreign legation quarter of the capital in June.That in turn triggered a punitive expedition to free the legations, and fierce battles that nearly resulted in Allied Western defeat, which Silbey (A War of Frontier and Empire) describes with excellent sourcing and vivid eyewitness accounts. The “Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists,” as the Boxers were known, arose from a complex response to drought, faltering government, and the incursions of imperial powers that often worked under the aegis of spreading Christianity. Silbey explores the machinations and conflicting motivations of the Russian, Japanese, German, American, British, Italian, Austro-Hungarian, and French troops as byproducts of the “Great Game,” a competition for colonial influence. In addition to a finely detailed account of the fighting, Silbey offers a compassionate analysis of Cixi’s limited options. (Mar.)
Library Journal
At the turn of the 20th century, with the Chinese imperial dynasty crumbling as European and American empires were carving out their own imperial territories in China, a mysterious collection of Chinese peasants, called Boxers by the West for their fighting techniques, emerged and won the backing of the empress dowager and her government against foreign intrusions in China. Was the Boxer Rebellion a critical revolutionary movement that inspired later Chinese revolutionaries, or was it merely a peasant rebellion led by a radical faction of antiforeigners? While much of the popular historical narrative depicts the short-lived rebellion via the thrashing of the peasants by combined Western powers, Silbey (assoc. dir., Cornell in Washington; A War of Frontier and Empire: The Philippine-American War, 1899–1902) counters with a different interpretation. Researched using firsthand written documents from Western participants in the suppression of the rebellion, his book reveals that the Boxer action, far from a disorganized guerrilla effort, was a passionate, well-executed crusade that at one point had successfully repelled the onslaught of the imperial powers and helped sow the seeds of revolution for its republican and communist successors. VERDICT Recommended for readers interested in military history as well as modern Chinese history.—Allan Cho, Univ. of British Columbia Lib., Vancouver
Kirkus Reviews
A succinct revisiting of the turn-of-the-century uprising that pitted Chinese recalcitrance against "imperial buccaneering." There are still some important lessons to be learned in studying the Boxer Rebellion, as Silbey (History/Cornell Univ.; A War of Empire and Frontier: The Philippine-American War, 1899–1902, 2007, etc.) clearly points out--certainly as a way of understanding how the Chinese have traditionally met with chaos from outside. By 1900 the incursions of the imperialistic powers Britain, Russia and Germany had forced open China to foreign trade, especially opium, weakening further the Qing dynasty and hastening an internal collapse of a poor, overpopulated country. The catastrophic loss to Japan after the First Sino-Japanese War had shocked the Chinese into a need for reform; however, it was not forthcoming under the rule of Empress Dowager Cixi. Groups of illiterate peasants, unemployed and displaced by the coming of the railroads and resentful of the presence of meddling missionaries, acted out, attacking foreigners. From the secret societies, "the last refuge of the dispossessed," emerged the Yi-he-quan, the Boxers, a kind of cult that caught on. They were steeped in martial arts and the role of being Robin Hoods, writes Silbey, and they disrupted society, catching the attention of the foreign press by the fall of 1899, and culminating in the murder of missionary Rev. Sidney Brooks. Drought and famine exacerbated local worries, spreading the movement across northern China, until finally the violence against Chinese Christians, railway workers and merchants exploded in 1900 and a combination of foreign legations fought their way to Beijing, battling for forts and arsenal, ultimately relieving the besieged embassies and breaking the Boxer resistance. Although the uprising ultimately failed, it would forge a generation of peasant resisters, whom Mao Zedong believed "did the hard and dirty work of preparing China for a true, Marxist revolution." A fresh, accessible take on a crucial turning point for the modern Chinese state.
From the Publisher

“[T]houghtful and concisely told . . . Silbey excels at the military history.” —Howard W. French, The Wall Street Journal

“[A] concise, lively account.” —Publishers Weekly

“Silbey furnishes fluent, scholastically sound reading for general interest in modern Chinese history.” —Booklist

“Recommended for readers interested in military history as well as modern Chinese history.” —Allan Cho, Library Journal

“In this absorbing analysis of the military history of the Boxer conflict, David J. Silbey shows how swiftly the Boxers learned from their foreign enemies, and how close the foreign forces came to catastrophe. The Boxer Rebellion is a valuable addition to our histories of warfare and revolution in China.” —Jonathan Spence, Sterling Professor of History Emeritus, Yale University, and author of The Search for Modern China

“It is news even to many informed Americans that the present Chinese government has closely studied a military invasion (involving thousands of U.S. troops) of China more than a century ago. David J. Silbey now tells the story of that historic intervention, complete with the formidable Chinese, European, Japanese, and American characters, and the needed historical contexts. He has accomplished this with a gemlike narrative that is as page-turning as it is succinct.” —Walter LaFeber, Tisch University Professor Emeritus, Cornell University

“David J. Silbey has done students, teachers, and general readers a great service by presenting the Boxer Rebellion in a lucid and compelling narrative. This book helps us to understand not just what happened in China more than a century ago, but what is happening there now.” —Michael S. Neiberg, author of Fighting the Great War

“David J. Silbey has a remarkable capacity for explaining a war from the perspective of various participants and for presenting in a clear and efficient way the political, cultural, strategic, and military factors that shape the course of a war. Readers of The Boxer Rebellion and the Great Game in China will understand how the joint expedition in 1900 to suppress this popular anti-foreign uprising became a significant turning point in the miserable history of modern imperial expansion into China and Great Power competition over it.” —Alan Lessoff , Professor of History, Illinois State University

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780809094776
Publisher:
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Publication date:
03/27/2012
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
5.80(w) x 8.40(h) x 1.20(d)

Meet the Author

David Silbey teaches at Cornell University’s Washington, D.C., campus. He is the author of A War of Frontier and Empire: The Philippine-American War, 1899–1902.

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The Boxer Rebellion and the Great Game in China 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
I'm a fan of Great Game novels and am a bit dissapointed in this one. Great facts and decent job at story telling but no where near the intrigue and clandestine explorations and manuevers of the real Great Game. It should be titled 'The Imperial Game' instead. If you're looking for more information about the Boxer Rebellion than in the history books, this is a great read. If you are looking for more spies, explorers, batttles and backroom deals the 'Great Game' implies, this is not the book for you.