The British Moralists and the Internal 'Ought': 1640-1740

The British Moralists and the Internal 'Ought': 1640-1740

by Stephen Darwall
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521451671

ISBN-13: 9780521451673

Pub. Date: 04/28/2003

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This major work in the history of ethics provides the first study of early modern British ethics in several decades. It aims to uncover the roots of the idea (called internalism in contemporary discussion) that any binding 'ought' must be based in the motives of a deliberating agent, as this notion developed in the thought of British philosophers writing in the period…  See more details below

Overview

This major work in the history of ethics provides the first study of early modern British ethics in several decades. It aims to uncover the roots of the idea (called internalism in contemporary discussion) that any binding 'ought' must be based in the motives of a deliberating agent, as this notion developed in the thought of British philosophers writing in the period from Hobbes to the appearance of Hume's Treatise in 1740. Stephen Darwall discerns two different traditions within which this idea was worked out. On the one hand, an empirical naturalist tradition, comprising Hobbes, Locke, Cumberland, Hutcheson, and Hume, argued that obligation is the practical force that empirical discoveries acquire in the process of deliberation. On the other, a group including Cudworth, Shaftesbury, Butler, and, in some moments, Locke, viewed obligation as inconceivable without an autonomous will and sought (well before Kant) to develop a theory of the will as self-determining and to devise an account of obligation linked to that.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521451673
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
04/28/2003
Pages:
372
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
List of abbreviations
1The British moralists: inventing internalism1
2Culverwell and Locke: classical and modern natural law23
3Hobbes: ethics as "consequences from the passions of men"53
4Cumberland: obligation naturalized80
5Cudworth: obligation and self-determining moral agency109
6Locke: autonomy and obligation in the revised Essay149
7Shaftesbury: authority and authorship176
8Hutcheson: moral sentiment and calm desire207
9Butler: conscience as self-authorizing244
10Hume: norms and the obligation to be just284
11Concluding reflections319
Works cited333
Index347

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >