The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

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Hendrik Lorenz presents a comprehensive study of Plato's and Aristotle's conceptions of appetitive desire. They see this as a form of non-rational motivation that humans share with other animals, and which aims primarily at the pleasures of food, drink, and sex. Lorenz explores the cognitive resources that both philosophers make available for the explanation of non-rational desires, and pinpoints what they take rationality to add to the motivational structure of human beings. In doing so, he exposes a remarkable degree of continuity between Plato's and Aristotle's thought in this area. He also sheds fresh light, not only on both philosophers' theories of motivation, but also on how they conceive of the mind, both in itself and in relation to the body. The Brute Within will be of substantial interest to anyone engaged in the study of emotion, rationality, motivation, and philosophy of psychology, as well as to ancient philosophers.
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Editorial Reviews

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"Provocative and stimulating."—Rod Jenks, Ancient Philosophy
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199561698
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 3/15/2009
  • Series: Oxford Philosophical Monographs Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Hendrik Lorenz is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Princeton University

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Table of Contents

Introduction     1
Appetite and Reason in Plato's Republic
Introduction     9
Parts of the Soul     13
The Argument for Tripartition     18
Partition     35
The Simple Picture     41
Belief and Appearance in plato
Introduction     55
Imitation and the Soul     59
Belief and Reason     74
Below Belief and Reason     95
Phantasia and Non-Rational Desire in Aristotle
Introduction     113
Preliminaries     119
Phantasia, Desire, and Locomotion     124
Desire without phantasia     138
The Workings of phantasia     148
Phantasia and Practical Thought     174
Reason and Non-rational Desire     186
Conclusion     202
Bibliography     208
General Index     215
Index Locorum     221
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