The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance

The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance

by K. Anders Ericsson, Neil Charness, Paul J. Feltovich, Robert R. Hoffman
     
 

ISBN-10: 052184097X

ISBN-13: 9780521840972

Pub. Date: 06/30/2006

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This book was the first handbook where the world's foremost 'experts on expertise' reviewed our scientific knowledge on expertise and expert performance and how experts may differ from non-experts in terms of their development, training, reasoning, knowledge, social support, and innate talent. Methods are described for the study of experts' knowledge and their

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Overview

This book was the first handbook where the world's foremost 'experts on expertise' reviewed our scientific knowledge on expertise and expert performance and how experts may differ from non-experts in terms of their development, training, reasoning, knowledge, social support, and innate talent. Methods are described for the study of experts' knowledge and their performance of representative tasks from their domain of expertise. The development of expertise is also studied by retrospective interviews and the daily lives of experts are studied with diaries. In 15 major domains of expertise, the leading researchers summarize our knowledge on the structure and acquisition of expert skill and knowledge and discuss future prospects. General issues that cut across most domains are reviewed in chapters on various aspects of expertise such as general and practical intelligence, differences in brain activity, self-regulated learning, deliberate practice, aging, knowledge management, and creativity.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521840972
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
06/30/2006
Series:
Cambridge Handbooks in Psychology Series
Pages:
918
Product dimensions:
6.97(w) x 9.96(h) x 1.89(d)

Table of Contents

1An introduction to The Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance : its development, organization, and content3
2Two approaches to the study of experts' characteristics21
3Expertise, talent, and social encouragement31
4Studies of expertise from psychological perspectives41
5Educators and expertise : a brief history of theories and models69
6Expert systems : a perspective from computer science87
7Professionalization, scientific expertise, and elitism : a sociological perspective105
8Observation of work practices in natural settings127
9Methods for studying the structure of expertise : psychometric approaches147
10Laboratory methods for assessing experts' and novices' knowledge167
11Task analysis185
12Eliciting and representing the knowledge of experts203
13Protocol analysis and expert thought : concurrent verbalizations of thinking during experts' performance on representative tasks223
14Simulation for performance and training243
15Laboratory studies of training, skill acquisition, and retention of performance265
16Retrospective interviews in the study of expertise and expert performance287
17Time budgets, diaries, and analyses of concurrent practice activities303
18Historiometric methods319
19Expertise in medicine and surgery339
20Expertise and transportation355
21Expertise in software design373
22Professional writing expertise389
23Professional judgments and "naturalistic decision making"403
24Decision-making expertise421
25The making of a dream team : when expert teams do best439
26Music457
27Expert performance in sport : a cognitive perspective471
28Artistic performance : acting, ballet, and contemporary dance489
29Perceptual-motor expertise505
30Expertise in chess523
31Exceptional memory539
32Mathematical expertise553
33Expertise in history569
34A merging theory of expertise and intelligence587
35Tacit knowledge, practical intelligence, and expertise613
36Expertise and situation awareness633
37Brain changes in the development of expertise : neuroanatomical and neurophysiological evidence about skill-based adaptations653
38The influence of experience and deliberate practice on the development of superior expert performance683
39Development and adaptation of expertise : the role of self-regulatory processes and beliefs705
40Aging and expertise723
41Social and sociological factors in the development of expertise743
42Modes of expertise in creative thinking : evidence from case studies761

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