Aristotle (384 BC-322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and teacher. Together with Socrates and Plato, Aristotle is one of the fathers of Western Philosophy. Born in Stageira in northern Greece, his father (Nicomachus) was the personal physician to King Amyntas of Macedon. Aristotle (meaning 'the best purpose') was raised as a member of the aristocracy. Aristotle went to Athens at eighteen to continue his education, where he became a student of Plato. In 343, Aristotle was invited to tutor Alexander, son of Phillip II of Macedon (Alexander the Great). While Aristotle's writings covered many subjects, they were the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality, aesthetics, logic, science, politics, and metaphysics.
The Categories of Aristotleby Aristotle
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THE CATEGORIES enumerates all the possible kinds of things that can be the subject or the predicate of a proposition. Aristotle intended them to enumerate everything that can be expressed without composition or structure, thus anything that can be either the subject or the predicate of a proposition.
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