The Cherokee Removal: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 2

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The Cherokee Removal of 1838–1839 unfolded against a complex backdrop of competing ideologies, self-interest, party politics, altruism, and ambition. Using documents that convey Cherokee voices, government policy, and white citizens’ views, Theda Perdue and Michael D. Green present a multifaceted account of this complicated moment in American history. The second edition of this successful, class-tested volume contains four new sources, including the Cherokee Constitution of 1827 and a modern Cherokee’s perspective on the removal. The introduction provides students with succinct historical background. Document headnotes contextualize the selections and draw attention to historical methodology. To aid students’ investigation of this compelling topic, suggestions for further reading, photographs, and a chronology of the Cherokee removal are also included.

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Editorial Reviews

Cherokee testimony and petitions, personal letters, government documents, speeches, and newspaper articles provide a range of perspectives on the 1838 expulsion of the Cherokee nation from the southeastern US to what is now Oklahoma. An introduction outlines the racial attitudes, economic issues, and expansionism of the US in the early 19th century. Includes a chronology beginning in 1700. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312415990
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 8/18/2004
  • Series: Bedford Cultural Editions Series
  • Edition description: Second Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 224
  • Sales rank: 342,520
  • Product dimensions: 5.45 (w) x 8.22 (h) x 0.36 (d)

Meet the Author

THEDA PERDUE is professor of history and American studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Her publications include Slavery and the Evolution of Cherokee Society, 1540-1865 (1979), Nations Remembered: An Oral History of the Five Civilized Tribes (1980), Cherokee Editor (1983), Native Carolinians (1985), The Cherokees (1988), Cherokee Women: Gender and Culture Change, 1700-1835 (1998), Sifters: Native American Women's Lives (2001), The Columbia Guide to American Indians of the Southeast (2001), and "Mixed Blood" Indians: Racial Construction in the Early South (2003).

MICHAEL D. GREEN is professor of history and American studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His publications include The Creeks: A Critical Bibliography (1979), The Politics of Indian Removal: Creek Government and Society in Crisis (1985), The Creeks: A Tribal History (1990), and The Columbia Guide to American Indians of the Southeast (2001).

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Introduction: The Cherokees and U.S. Indian Policy
The Cherokee People
Early Contact with British Colonists
The United States "Civilization" Program
Cherokee Culture Change
Pressure for Removal
Cherokee Resistance and Capitulation

1. Cherokee "Civilization"
Becoming "Civilized"
Young Wolf, Last Will and Testament, 1814
Cherokee Committee, Ruling on Young Wolf's Estate, 1824

A Cherokee View of "Civilization"
John Ridge, Letter to Albert Gallatin, February 27, 1826

Christian Missions
Elizabeth Taylor, Letter to Miss Abigail Parker, June 26, 1828
Sally M. Reece, Letter to Reverend Daniel Campbell, July 25, 1828
Nancy Reece, Letter to Reverend Fayette Shepherd, December 25, 1828

Quantifying Cherokee "Civilization"
The Census of 1835

The Cherokee Constitution of 1827
Constitution of the Cherokee Nation: Formed by a Convention of Delegates from the Several Districts, at New Echota, July 1827

2. Georgia Policy
The Georgia Laws
Georgia State Assembly, Laws Extending Jurisdiction over the Cherokees, December 19, 1829 and December 22, 1830

Georgia and the Supreme Court
United States Supreme Court, Worcester v. Georgia, March 1832

Dispossessing the Cherokees
Memorial of Protest of the Cherokee Nation, June 22, 1836

White Intruders
Zillah Haynie Brandon, Memoir, 1830–1838

3. United States Policy
In Defense of the Cherokees: The "William Penn" Essays
William Penn [Jeremiah Evarts], A Brief View of the Present Relations between the Government and People of the United States and Indians within Our National Limits, November 1829

American Women Organize against Removal
Catherine Beecher, Circular, Addressed to Benevolent Ladies of the U. States, December 25, 1829

Lewis Cass Justifies Removal
Lewis Cass, Removal of the Indians, January 1830

Congress Acts
United States Congress, Indian Removal Act, May 28, 1830

Andrew Jackson Applauds the Removal Act
Andrew Jackson, State of the Union Address, December 6, 1830

4. The Cherokee Debate
Women and Removal
Cherokee Women, Petition, May 2, 1817
Cherokee Women, Petition, June 30, 1818
Cherokee Women, Petition, October 17, 1821 [1831?]

Elias Boudinot’s Editorials in the Cherokee Phoenix
Elias Boudinot, Editorials in the Cherokee Phoenix, 1829, 1831

The Treaty of New Echota
Treaty with the Cherokees, 1835

The Opposition Continues
John Ross, Letter in Answer to Inquiries from a Friend, July 2, 1836

The Treaty Party’s Defense
Elias Boudinot, Letters and Other Papers Relating to the Cherokee Affairs: Being a Reply to Sundry Publications of John Ross, 1837

5. The Trail of Tears
Memorial of Protest of the Cherokee Nation, June 22, 1836

Forced Removal
Evan Jones, Letters, May-December 1838

Waiting to Cross the Mississippi
George Hicks, Letter from the Trail of Tears, January 13, 1839

Removal through a Child’s Eyes
Rebecca Neugin, Recollections of Removal, 1932

Rebuilding the Cherokee Nation
Ethan Allen Hitchcock, Journal, 1841

Removal 150 Years Later
Wilma Mankiller, Reflections on Removal, 1993

Chronology of the Cherokee Removal (c. 1700-2003)


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