The Claim of Dispossession: Jewish Land-Settlement and the Arabs, 1878-1948by Arieh L. Avneri, Aryeh L. Avneri
Pub. Date: 01/01/1982
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
This study sheds new light on the historic background of the contemporary Palestinian problem. Avneri traces the spread of Jewish settlements over the seventy-year period before the establishment of the State of Israel, in order to see how it affected the existing Arab community's economy and social and cultural institutions. He demonstrates that there is no
This study sheds new light on the historic background of the contemporary Palestinian problem. Avneri traces the spread of Jewish settlements over the seventy-year period before the establishment of the State of Israel, in order to see how it affected the existing Arab community's economy and social and cultural institutions. He demonstrates that there is no historical evidence for the eviction of the Palestinians from Israel previous to the founding of the state. Most of those who left afterwards did so on their own volition.
- Transaction Publishers
- Publication date:
- Edition description:
- New Edition
- Product dimensions:
- 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.68(d)
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This book is interesting in that it provides an opportunity to examine yet another (and disturbingly increasingly common) attempt to erase the Palestinians from history so that fellow Zionists can believe that they have cleared their consciences by just erasing those pesky Palestinians from existence by changing the historical record accordingly in a proper Stalinesque fashion. One may ask why do Avneri and others such as Joan Peters (in From Time Immemorial) go through all the trouble to try to convince other Zionists that despite the obvious truth, they should clear their consciences about expelling the native residents and taking over their land, and that deep inside they know that the thesis is obviously false? This particular book manages to distort and falsify the demographic data by portraying improbable theories as true. If one reads this book carefully and checks all the sources s/he will notice that the author has falsified or distorted just about every relevant source and passed off the resulting 'conclusions' as facts. This is another attempt to shore up support among the faithful (the obvious intended audience - others know the facts) with a ludicrous thesis that can only be described as a hoax. The audience is treated with tremendous contempt - the falsification of source materials is massive, and it has to be to artificially create the basis for the conclusions that follow. This is recommended only for those that want to delude themselves.
This book is interesting in that it is a yet another attempt to twist and doctor historical data to legitimize the expulsion of the Palestinian people. Why do Avneri and Joan Peters (in From Time Immemorial) go through all the trouble to try to convince other Zionists that despite the facts, they should not feel guilty about taking someone else's land? This particular book manages to distort and falsify the demographic data by portraying improbable theories as true. If one reads this book carefully and checks all the sources s/he will notice that the author has falsified or distorted just about every relevant source and passed off the resulting 'conclusions' as facts. This is another attempt to shore up support among the faithful (the obvious intended audience - others know the facts) with a ludicrous thesis that can only be described as a hoax. The audience is treated with tremendous contempt - the falsification of source materials is massive, and it has to be to artificially create the basis for the conclusions that follow.
This exceedingly well-documented book lays bare the false claim that Jewish settlers dispossessed Arab people from their land in Palestine. The examination of records from 1830 onward will shock most readers. In the first place, Palestine's population barely grew for 250 years--rising from 205,000 Moslems, Christians and Jews in 1554 to only 275,000 in 1800. In the second, records from 1830, 1863, 1878 and 1893 and 1917, among others, demonstrate that when the heaviest Jewish immigration began in 1880, a large proportion of the 425,000 to 440,000 Arabs in Palestine were themselves recent immigrants. Many came from Egypt: The 1831 invasion by the Egyptian Khedive, Ibrahim Pasha, forced Palestine fellaheen, urban dwellers and Bedouin to permanently flee Ottoman military drafts and taxes. The 1837 Great Earthquake and epidemics that followed further cut their numbers. In their wake came Ibrahim Pasha's Egyptian Arabs, who settled the empty land. In 1831 alone, 6,000 Egyptian Arabs settled in Akko. But the Egyptian Arab-Hinadi, Ghawarna tribes settled in the Beit Shean and Hula Valleys and in the Jordan Valley towns of Ubeidiya, Delhamiya and Kafer-Miser. In the Hula Valley, the Egyptian ez-Zubeids later sold their land to Jewish settlers from Yessud-Hama'ala. According to an 1893 British Palestine Exploration Fund report, Egyptians composed most of the population in Jaffa. Arab and Muslim immigrants also came from Algeria, Damascus, Yemen, Afghanistan, Persia, India, Tripoli, Morocco, Turkey and Iraq. The French conquest of Algeria, for example, led to the eventual rebellion and imprisonment of Abd el-Kadar el-Hassani, whose followers in 1856 fled to Syria and the Lower Galilee towns of Shara, Ulam, Ma'ader, Kafer-Sabet, Usha (near present-day Ramat-Yohanan), the Mount Atlas village of Qedesh and villages on Lake Hula and in the Upper Galilee, where they spoke Berber. In Ramle, immigrants spoke Qebili, a Mugrabi dialect. Circassian refugees from the Caucasus settled in Trans-Jordan and as far east as Caesarea. Arab immigration continued to rise through World War I, despite locusts, the Ottoman draft and more epidemics. Egyptian laborers, contractors and businessmen flooded the country. By 1922, the Moslem population had more than doubled to 566,311, including 62,500 Bedouins. The 1931 Mandatory government census counted 693,147 permanent Moslem residents, including 66,553 Bedouins. It also gave the natural increase of the population as 132,211--57,125 less than the absolute increase. Only illegal Arab immigration explains this contradiction, Avneri shows. The next census, in 1948, followed unprecedented economic growth, during which illegal Arab immigration continued. From April 1934 to November 1935, for example, 20,000 Haurani Arabs came to Palestine. These and thousands of other Arab immigrants worked on farms, construction projects (building roads, railroads and the Haifa port), and government and municipal jobs. Syrians and Lebanese Arabs were free to come with nothing but border passes, and they came along with immigrants from Somalia, Trans-Jordan, Persia, India, Ethiopia and the Hejaz. Mandatory government rules required the supervision of immigration, but Palestine's borders remained porous to all but Jews. In all, Avneri shows that 35,000 to 40,000 illegal Arab immigrants came from 1931 to 1947--on top of up to 20,000 other Arab immigrants who arrived from 1935 to 1945. The book also carefully examines numerous historical descriptions of a desolate landscape, composed almost entirely of swamps and deserts, and sold to the Jewish people by absentee Arab landlords, appointed by the Ottoman government, at enormous profits. Dozens of sales are documented specifically, including some by the Egyptian el-Husseini family of Yasser Arafat. Altogether, this book shatters the Arab claim of dispossession. --Alyssa A. Lappen
Through a careful examination of documented historical material, Arieh Avneri reveals a truthful and accurate account of the facts behind the Palestinian & Arab propaganda so widespread at this time. It is clearly shown that there is indeed no historical evidence that Palestinians were evicted from Israel prior to the founding of the Jewish state in 1948. Clearly the vast majority of Palestinians/Arabs who left the Land, left on their own volition...of their own accord. Many leaving under the encouragement or instruction of the surrounding Arab nations, hoping to return to share the spoils of a defeated Jewish nation shortly to be thrown into the sea by numerically superior Arab forces. Arieh Avneri also delves into the 'origins' of the so called 'Palestinians' and how their numbers increased by the influx of Arabs from surrounding countries in parallel with the Jewish transformation of the Land from what was a desert/wasteland/swamp into a very fertile area. The author also provides figures in relation to the alleged 'refugees'. Figures grossly inflated by the UN and the Arab world for obvious propaganda purposes. It is either forgotten or overlooked by all and sundry that the Land referred to since AD.135 & renamed at that time by the Romans as 'Palestine' (Syria Falaestina), was once indeed the historical and Biblical homeland of Israel. With a Jewish presence being continual in the Land even since the Diaspora and a legacy stemming back some 4,000 years, one could be correct in stating and arguing that the Land has in fact been illegally occupied for approaching 1,800 years. (AD.135 to 1948). Illegally occupied that is by a number of empires and peoples. In effect, after losing it's 'independence' to the Romans, the Land has been subjected to many expeditions of conquest and occupation, each introducing a 'layer' of new settlers. The most noteable in recent times being the Ottoman and British, not to mention the Arabs. Of course, the Arab world today is intent upon promoting the myth of Israeli occupation of what they see as 'their' land. If only people would access the facts themselves and read literature such as this then their eyes cannot but be opened to the truth. History clearly shows that at no time during the past 1,800 years or so since the Diaspora, has the land referred to as 'Palestine' ever been a sovereign nation, or has Jerusalem been the capital city of any nation during that time. Jerusalem only ever having been the capital of the Jewish nation itself. History also clearly shows to all with eyes to see that the 'Palestinian' people are not and never have been a sovereign people, a people with their own heritage/history or country. Prior to 1948 the term 'Palestinian' being applied to both Jews and Arabs living in the territory. Books like this are becoming increasingly more valuable and sadly increasingly rare in these days where widespread attempts are being made to de-Judaize Israel and the Land through floods of Arab propaganda and those who wish to re-write the area's history to serve their own ends. Highly recommended. Thanks for your time.