The Classic Citroens, 1935-1975

Overview

When the final list for the Car of the Century competition was announced in November 1999, only one company had three finalists: Automobiles Citroen. All three models—the Traction Avant, the 2CV and the DS 19—were developed during the era when the company was owned by the Societe Michelin (Michelin Tire Company). All three were created by the engineer Andre Lefebvre and the stylist Flaminio Bertoni. This industry recognition highlighted the unique Citroen-Michelin affiliation, demonstrating anew how this ...

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Overview

When the final list for the Car of the Century competition was announced in November 1999, only one company had three finalists: Automobiles Citroen. All three models—the Traction Avant, the 2CV and the DS 19—were developed during the era when the company was owned by the Societe Michelin (Michelin Tire Company). All three were created by the engineer Andre Lefebvre and the stylist Flaminio Bertoni. This industry recognition highlighted the unique Citroen-Michelin affiliation, demonstrating anew how this relationship made the automaker the benchmark for progressive design and creative engineering within both the international automotive community and the general motoring public.

This work provides the first in-depth examination of the Citroen-Michelin era, focusing on the interrelationship between these firms in the development of the revolutionary Michelin X radial tire and its impact on Citroen's avant-garde automobiles. From its origins in 1919 under the watchful eye of Andre Citroen, a history of the automaker's early years is provided. Next, the author takes a detailed look at the cars of the golden age of Citroen: the Traction Avant, the 2CV, the DS/ID, the Ami-6 and Ami-8, the GS/GSA, the CX, and the Citroen-Maserati SM. The innovations, the unique designs, and the new standards of technical excellence that these cars offered are all fully covered, heavily illustrated with rare photographs of the classic automobiles.

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Editorial Reviews

Midwest Book Review
no car fan will want to be without
Hemmings Sports & Exotic Car
a must-have
Citroen Quarterly USA
definitive...this is perhaps his finest work...well written and informative
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780786471713
  • Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
  • Publication date: 8/22/2012
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 0.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Author and journalist John Reynolds is a member of the Guild of Motoring Writers and the Society of Automotive Historians. He lives near Lutterworth, Leicestershire, England.

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Table of Contents

Introduction : the cars that Monsieur Bibendum built 1
1 Andre Citroen 7
2 Development of the Traction Avant, 1931-1934 30
3 The Citroen Traction Avant, 1934-1940 and 1945-1957 53
4 The design and development of the 2CV, 1938-1948 76
5 The Citroen 2CV, 1948-1990 96
6 The Citroen type H van, 1948-1981 119
7 The conception and development of the Citroen DS, 1937-1955 126
8 The Citroen DS, 1955-1975 140
9 The DS Pallas, 1964-1975 165
10 The ID sedans and breaks, 1957-1975, and the DS and ID Cabriolets, 1961-1971 173
11 The Ami-6, 1961-1969, and the Ami-8, 1969-1978 192
12 The Citroen Maserati SM, 1970-1975 201
13 The Citroen GS and GSA, 1970-1986 218
14 The Citroen CX, 1974-1989 237
15 Conclusion : the PSA cars, 1976-2000 257
App Citroen model specifications 265
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