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Chapter 14: NetWare 4.x AdministrationIntroduction
This chapter looks at what you'll need to know to pass the NetWare 4.x Administration exam. Remember that this first exam will cover some of the simpler tasks that you'll perform with NetWare, but don't be too surprised if you see an occasional hard question -- Novell can test any area of NetWare 4.x Administration that it chooses. There are several discrete sections in this chapter. Each section helps you study for the exam in a different way. You can improve your chances of passing the exam by using the study methods provided in this chapter. In fact, it'll help if you study all the sections once and your favorite sections at least twice. Review the study guidelines in Chap. 4 as often as necessary to ensure that you maintain the best possible study atmosphere.
The first section of this chapter is a case study. You'll perform some hands-on tasks that will help you learn what you need to know about the NetWare 4.x operating system to pass the examination. In this chapter, we look at what you need to do to set up a workstation. Make sure you study all areas of the case study, because you can't assume that Novell will only test you on the latest technology. Even though you'll get a lot more from this section if you perform it on your own network, the inclusion of screen shots and step-by-step instructions will help you gain something from the section even if you don't have a network.
The second area contains sample test questions for this course. Most of the questions are NetWare 4.x Administration-specific, but you'll see questions on other topics, like acronyms, as well. The sample questions section also includes the correct answers and an explanation of why each answer is correct. Try to answer each question yourself, look at the correct answer, and then determine where you went wrong if you didn't answer correctly.
The next section is the fun test. This is an exercise where you'll look at some sample test questions and answer them -- this time without the aid of having the answers right below the questions. The answers appear in App. B at the back of the book. This will help you test what you learned in the sample questions section. Since you'll only get to use this section once (or twice at the most), you'll want to save it for the end of your study session. Consider the fun test a final check of your new skills before you take the exam.
The final text section of the chapter is the brain teaser. You'll get to have a little fun working on a NetWare 4.x Administration-related puzzle. In this case, you'll need to look for words covered in the case study. Look for NetWare 4.x-related words from Chap. 15 as well. You may even want to take the opportunity to look these words up in the glossary once you've completed the puzzle itself. Make absolutely certain that you take the time to get everything you can out of the list of words in this word search -- even though the puzzle is meant to be fun, it's also meant to teach you something important about your certification.
Finally, we'll spend some time using a Jeopardy!-type game named Red Zone (for the obvious reasons). This section helps you look at the test from the opposite viewpoint. The game provides you with an answer -- you need to come up with the corresponding question. The Red Zone awards points for correct answers and takes points away for incorrect answers. You'll receive a score at the end of the game proclaiming that you either did or did not get your certificate. Make sure you concentrate on the NetWare 4.x questions if time becomes a problem and you want to get the most from the Red Zone game.
Use all the learning methods that we provide in this chapter to improve your chances of passing the exam. It's a good idea to save the fun test section until you're almost certain that you possess all the required knowledge. Remember, you can probably go through the test only one or two times at most before you'll start to remember the answers without really knowing the material. Everyone who wants a NetWare 4.x certification needs to learn the material in this chapter. Make sure you pass this exam before you go on to the other chapters.
In this case study you will set up the NetWare Directory Services (NDS) for a small company. The network will be set up as follows:
- There are four users. All of them are experts in their respective fields, but they have very little network experience.
- There are four different applications, consisting of a word processor, database, spreadsheet, and an accounting package.
- One of the users will use all the applications. The other three users will use the spreadsheet, word processor, and database applications.
- Security is at a moderate level.
Once you obtain information about the company you can start to configure the network. In the following sections you'll go through the necessary steps to make this network functional. Note the logical organization of the procedure. This is the most efficient method of configuring any network.
Setting Up the Directory Structure
The first step is to create the directory structure for the users and applications. For this exercise you'll create three directories off the root of volume SYS called APPS, DATA, and USERS. The APPS directory will contain sub-directories for the applications that the users need. The DATA directory will contain subdirectories to store the users' data from each application. Each network user will also have a personal directory under the USERS directory. Log into the network as user ADMIN to perform the tasks ahead.
- Change directories to the root by typing CD\ and pressing Enter.
- Once you are at the root of volume SYS, type MD APPS and press Enter.
- Next, move into the APPS directory and create the individual directories for each application. At the F:\> prompt, type CD APPS and press Enter.
- Your prompt now indicates F:\APPS>. Create a directory for the spreadsheet application by typing MD SS and press Enter.
- Now, create directories for the word processing, database, and accounting applications. Repeat Step 4, replacing SS with WP, DB, and ACCT.
- Return to the root of volume SYS. Type CD\ and press Enter.
- Now, make a DATA directory. From the root of SYS, type MD DATA and press Enter.
- Move to the DATA directory and create individual data directories for each of the applications. At the F:\> prompt, type CD \DATA and press Enter.
- Your prompt now indicates F:\ DATA>. Create a data directory for the spreadsheet. Type MD SS and press Enter.
- Create directories for the word processing, database, and accounting applications. Repeat Step 9, replacing SS with WP, DB, and ACCT.
- Return to the root of volume SYS by typing CD\ and pressing Enter. Create the users'home directories. Type MD USERS and press Enter. NetWare will automatically create each user's directory in a later step.
- Use the Novell LISTDIR utility to view your directory structure. At the F:\> prompt, type LISTDIR APPS /A to produce a listing of the applications directory, then type LISTDIR DATA /A to produce a listing of the data directory. Figure 14-1 displays the directory structure that you have just created.