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Cold war paranoia permeated American society. The investigations of writer Ring Lardner, Jr., and government official Alger Hiss by the House UnAmerican Activities Committee, along with speeches by Senator Joe McCarthy, lay bare the political repression at home generated by the perceived communist threat. Excerpts from Arthur Miller's play The Crucible and the film script of High Noon capture the mood of uncertainty and fear. A picture essay entitled "The Atom Unleashed" collects photographs and cartoons to explore one of the most controversial discoveries of the 20th century. Agreements made in the SALT treaties show the cold war finally coming to an end. In his 1992 State of the Union address, President Bush declared, "By the grace of God, America won the cold war."
Uses contemporary documents to explore the development of the Cold War struggle, the consequences in the 1950s and 1960s, and the lasting effects on American social and cultural patterns.
What Is a Document?
How to Read a Document
Note on Sources and Interpretation
Chapter 1: Early Antagonism
Origin of the Atomic Bomb Tensions and Strategies The Truman Doctrine The Marshall Plan A Soviet Bomb The China White Paper NSC-68
War in Korea
Chapter 2: The Anticommunist Crusade
Hollywood and HUAC Chambers vs. Hiss The Rosenbergs on Trial Senator Joe McCarthy Cultural Responses Army vs. McCarthy
Chapter 3: To the Brink
Eisenhower's Inaugural Address Liberation of Captive Peoples The Domino Theory Unstable Peace Kennedy's Inaugural Address Bay of Pigs Standing Up to the Soviets The Cuban Missile Crisis
Chapter 4: Picture Essay
The Atom Unleashed
Chapter 5: Catastrophe in Vietnam
French Colonial Rule War in Indochina The Geneva Conference Nation Building in Vietnam Horrors of War Antiwar Movement Vietnamization Reunification
Chapter 6: An End at Last
The Nuclear Test Ban Treat of 1963
SALT Treaties Reagan's Nuclear Strategy An End to the Cold War
Timeline Further Reading Websites Text Credits Picture Credits Index