The Color Encyclopedia of Cape Bulbs

Overview

The Cape Region, at the southern tip of Africa, is easily among the richest centers for bulbous plants and probably the most famous. Nearly 1200 species of bulbous plants find their home there and almost three-quarters of them occur nowhere else. This first complete account of all the bulbous plants of the Cape Floral Region is an essential aid to the identification of all species presently in cultivation as well as the many others that are potentially valuable horticultural subjects. The book is richly ...

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Overview

The Cape Region, at the southern tip of Africa, is easily among the richest centers for bulbous plants and probably the most famous. Nearly 1200 species of bulbous plants find their home there and almost three-quarters of them occur nowhere else. This first complete account of all the bulbous plants of the Cape Floral Region is an essential aid to the identification of all species presently in cultivation as well as the many others that are potentially valuable horticultural subjects. The book is richly illustrated with high-quality color photographs of more than half the species of Cape bulbs, many of which have never been illustrated before.

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Editorial Reviews

Pacific Horticulture
"The horticultural world owes the authors — and the publishers — a great debt of gratitude for this exceptional work."—Pacific Horticulture, Spring 2003
Plant Science Bulletin
"Just before leaving for South Africa, I asked a botanist there if I should bring this book. Too late. He considered this such an important volume that he had purchased his copy as soon as it was published. After seeing the book I understood why. It is the definitive volume for anyone interested in this incredibly diverse group of South African geophytes."—Lytton John Musselman, Plant Science Bulletin, Spring 2004
— Lytton John Musselman
Plant Systematics and Evolution
"The authors have largely succeeded in making accessible this rich flora to the interested horticulturalist in terms that are not too complex or techinical. Highly recommended."—Paul I. Forster, Plant Systematics and Evolution, November 2003
— Paul I. Forster
Plant Science Bulletin - Lytton John Musselman
"Just before leaving for South Africa, I asked a botanist there if I should bring this book. Too late. He considered this such an important volume that he had purchased his copy as soon as it was published. After seeing the book I understood why. It is the definitive volume for anyone interested in this incredibly diverse group of South African geophytes."—Lytton John Musselman, Plant Science Bulletin, Spring 2004
Plant Systematics and Evolution - Paul I. Forster
"The authors have largely succeeded in making accessible this rich flora to the interested horticulturalist in terms that are not too complex or techinical. Highly recommended."—Paul I. Forster, Plant Systematics and Evolution, November 2003
From the Publisher
"The authors have largely succeeded in making accessible this rich flora to the interested horticulturalist in terms that are not too complex or techinical. Highly recommended."—Paul I. Forster, Plant Systematics and Evolution, November 2003
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780881925470
  • Publisher: Timber Press, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 12/31/2002
  • Pages: 486
  • Product dimensions: 8.80 (w) x 11.25 (h) x 1.38 (d)

Meet the Author

Peter Goldblatt is the B.A. Krukoff Curator of African Botany at the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis. Throughout his botanical career he has concentrated his attention on the Iridaceae and has shown particular interest in its African members.

John Manning was born in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, and has been a research scientist in the Compton Herbarium at the National Botanical Institute, South Africa, since 1989. He works at Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden in Cape Town, one of the world's great botanical gardens and an important center for research on the African flora. Although he has studied the anatomy, embryology and seed development of plants in diverse families, including the Fabaceae, Proteaceae and Stilbaceae, he has focused his research more recently on the Iridaceae, collaborating on various research projects with Peter Goldblatt. Together they have investigated the evolution and pollination biology of the African genus Lapeirousia and the systematics, pollination systems and evolution of Gladiolus in southern Africa. John and Peter have coauthored several books, including Gladiolus in Southern Africa and various wildflower guides to the southern African flora, the most recent of which was Wildflowers of the Fairest Cape (Redroof Design and Timber Press, 2000). John is also an accomplished botanical artist and photographer; his drawings have been published in numerous books and scientific journals.

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Read an Excerpt

The Cape Floral Region is a botanical anomaly. Not only does it have more plant species than would be anticipated given its latitude and climate, it is also home to far more bulbous plants than anywhere else in the world. Its flora is in fact so singular in many respects that the region is classified as one of the world's six floral kingdoms. This is truly remarkable given the unusually small area occupied by the Cape Floral Region, only 0.04% of the earth's land surface. The other floral kingdoms, in comparison, occupy all or most of one or more continents.

Elsewhere in the world the number of plant species per unit area increases form temperate to tropical latitudes and from arid or semiarid habitats to well-watered ones. The Cape Floral Region defies these trends. Although it lies well within the temperate zone and most of it experiences a semiarid climate of low annual rainfall and summer drought, it is nevertheless home to about 9000 plant species in an area of only 90,000 square kilometers (35,000 square miles). This is more species than the species-rich, wet tropics of Panama, which covers a comparable area, and only slightly fewer than in Costa Rica, another tropical area of comparable size. Comparisons between the floras of regions with a Mediterranean climate, which characterizes much of the Cape Floral Region, only emphasize the remarkable richness of the Cape flora. California, for instance, which is recognized as having a rich and diverse flora, actually only supports about 5000 species (just over half the number found in the Cape flora) in an area more than three times larger than the Cape Floral Region. Another peculiarity of the Cape flora is its remarkably high level of endemism. Almost 70% of the species in the Cape flora are found nowhere else on earth. This level of endemism is characteristic of isolated oceanic islands and is unique for a continental flora.

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Table of Contents

Preface 7
Bulbs at the Cape 9
Exploration of the Cape Flora 11
Vegetation of the Cape 17
Climate, Geology, and Soils of the Cape 19
Biogeography of the Cape 23
Bulbs in the Garden 31
Bulb Structure 33
Bulb Cultivation 35
Families of Cape Bulbs 41
Agapanthaceae 43
Alliaceae 43
Amaryllidaceae 44
Araceae 45
Asphodelaceae 45
Colchicaceae 46
Haemodoraceae 46
Hyacinthaceae 47
Hypoxidaceae 48
Iridaceae 49
Lanariaceae 51
Ruscaceae 52
Tecophilaeaceae 52
Bulbs of the Cape 53
Agapanthus 53
Albuca 55
Allium 61
Amaryllis 62
Ammocharis 63
Androcymbium 64
Apodolirion 68
Aristea 70
Babiana 77
Baeometra 90
Bobartia 91
Boophone 94
Bowiea 95
Brunsvigia 96
Bulbinella 100
Chasmanthe 107
Clivia 108
Crinum 110
Crossyne 111
Cyanella 113
Cybistetes 115
Cyrtanthus 116
Daubenya 124
Devia 127
Dierama 128
Dietes 129
Dilatris 130
Dipcadi 133
Drimia 134
Empodium 142
Eriospermum 145
Eucomis 154
Ferraria 155
Freesia 158
Geissorhiza 162
Gethyllis 180
Gladiolus 186
Haemanthus 217
Hesperantha 222
Hessea 231
Hypoxis 234
Ixia 236
Kniphofia 248
Lachenalia 251
Lanaria 264
Lapeirousia 266
Ledebouria 272
Massonia 274
Melasphaerula 276
Micranthus 277
Moraea 279
Neodregea 310
Neopatersonia 310
Nerine 311
Onixotis 313
Ornithogalum 315
Ornithoglossum 325
Pauridia 327
Pillansia 328
Polyxena 329
Romulea 332
Scadoxus 352
Scilla 353
Sparaxis 354
Spiloxene 361
Strumaria 367
Syringodea 372
Thereianthus 374
Tritonia 377
Tritoniopsis 382
Tulbaghia 392
Veltheimia 394
Wachendorfia 395
Walleria 397
Watsonia 399
Whiteheadia 408
Wurmbea 409
Xenoscapa 412
Zantedeschia 413
Keys to Species 417
Agapanthus 417
Albuca 417
Androcymbium 418
Apodolirion 419
Aristea 419
Babiana 421
Bobartia 423
Boophone 423
Brunsvigia 423
Bulbinella 424
Chasmanthe 424
Crinum 424
Crossyne 424
Cyanella 424
Cyrtanthus 425
Daubenya 426
Dilatris 426
Dipcadi 426
Drimia 426
Empodium 427
Eriospermum 427
Eucomis 429
Ferraria 430
Freesia 430
Geissorhiza 430
Gethyllis 434
Gladiolus 435
Haemanthus 441
Hesperantha 442
Hessea 443
Hypoxis 443
Ixia 444
Kniphofia 446
Lachenalia 446
Lapeirousia 449
Ledebouria 450
Massonia 450
Micranthus 450
Moraca 450
Nerine 456
Onixotis 456
Ornithogalum 456
Ornithoglossum 458
Pauridia 458
Polyxena 458
Romulea 459
Scadoxus 461
Sparaxis 462
Spiloxene 462
Strumaria 463
Syringodea 464
Thereianthus 464
Tritonia 464
Tritoniopsis 465
Tulbaghia 466
Veltheimia 466
Wachendorfia 466
Watsonia 466
Wurmbea 468
Zantedeschia 468
Conversion Table 469
Specialist Suppliers 470
Glossary 471
References 475
Index of Synonyms 481
Index of Common Names 485
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