The Complete Doctor's Healthy Back Bible: A Practical Manual for Understanding, Preventing and Treating Back Pain

Overview

A practical manual for treating back pain.

Nearly 80% of all adults experience low back pain during their lifetime. This painful condition, until recently, has been poorly understood and inadequately managed. Current research, however, has identified pathways and causes for low back pain. Imaging and other diagnostic tests have improved treatment and there have been tremendous advances in minimally invasive interventions and surgery.

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Overview

A practical manual for treating back pain.

Nearly 80% of all adults experience low back pain during their lifetime. This painful condition, until recently, has been poorly understood and inadequately managed. Current research, however, has identified pathways and causes for low back pain. Imaging and other diagnostic tests have improved treatment and there have been tremendous advances in minimally invasive interventions and surgery.

The Complete Doctor's Healthy Back Bible summarizes current information on low back pain, both acute and chronic. It also explains the diagnostic tests now available and most importantly, when they are actually useful. Full coverage of traditional and complementary therapies, with supporting research, is included. Special sections on chronic pain and surgical intervention are covered in an easy-to-understand format.

The
Complete Doctor's Healthy Back Bible
offers insight into this condition and suggests diagnosis and appropriate intervention with the many treatment options available.

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Editorial Reviews

E-Streams - Sue Norman
A wonderful book... the authors present their text clearly, not using heavily technical terminology, but providing a substantial glossary defining terms they do use. The initial "quick reference guide to back pain symptoms, diagnosis, treatments and prevention" is a useful chart of basic information. The illustrations, "Back anatomy and pain pathology illustrations," that follow are superb.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780778800903
  • Publisher: Rose, Robert Incorporated
  • Publication date: 5/1/2004
  • Pages: 288
  • Sales rank: 1,041,616
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr. Stephen Reed, BM, BCh, MA, MSc, FRCSC is an orthopedic surgeon and a graduate of Oxford University Medical School. He obtained specialty fellowship surgical training in England, Australia and at the Orthopedic and Arthritic Hospital in Toronto, Canada. He has been published extensively in orthopedic literature.

Penny Kendall-Reed, BSc, ND is a Naturopathic Doctor and appears regularly on television and radio across North America addressing various health issues.

Dr. Michael Ford, FRCSC is an orthopedic spine surgeon.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Quick Reference Guide to Back Pain Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Prevention

Back Anatomy and Pain Pathology Illustrations

BACK QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Should I See a Doctor?
  • Naming Your Pain
  • Guidelines for Seeking Medical Care
Who Treats Back Pain?
  • Emergency Care
  • Family Doctor
  • Naturopathic Doctor
  • Orthopedic Surgeon
  • Rheumatologist
  • Physiotherapist
  • Occupational Therapist
  • Chiropractor
  • Osteopath
  • Massage Therapist
  • Acupuncturist
  • Chronic Pain Specialist

How Is Back Pain Diagnosed?
  • Benefits of Diagnosis
  • History
  • Examination
  • Classifications of Symptoms
  • Diagnostic Tests
What Causes Back Pain?
  • Spine Anatomy
  • Spinal Cord and Nerves
  • Pain Sensation and Control
  • Specific Origins of Back Pain
BACK PAIN TREATMENT STRATEGIES
Physical Treatments for Back Care
  • Non-Invasive Treatments
  • Hands-On Physical Treatments
Exercise Treatments for Back Care
  • Exercise Basics
  • Stretching
  • Strengthening
  • Cardiovascular Exercise
  • Specific Back Exercises
  • Cardiovascular Fitness Exercises
  • Sexual Intercourse
Weight Management for Back Care
  • Ideal Weight
  • Diet Trends
  • Naturopathic Diet
Natural Supplements for Back Care
  • Selecting and Combining Supplements
  • Minerals
  • Supplements
  • Herbs
  • Vitamins
  • Essential Fatty Acids
  • Additional Supplements for Stress, Anxiety, and Depression
Medications for Back Care
  • Painkillers (Analgesics)
  • Muscle Relaxants
  • Anti-Depressant Medication
  • Medicinal Treatment of Inflammatory Arthritis
Injection Therapy
  • Epidural Steroid Injections
  • Facet Joint Injections
  • Medial Branch Neurotomy
  • Botulinum Toxin (Botox) Injections
  • Sacroiliac Joint Injections
  • Chemonucleosis (Chymopapain Injections) for Disc Herniation
  • Intradiscal Electrothermal Coagulation (IDETTM)
Spinal Surgery
  • Back Surgery Basics
  • Surgical Techniques
Chronic Pain Management
  • What is Pain?
  • Pain-Tension-Anxiety (PTA) Cycle
  • Multi-Disciplinary Treatment
  • Self-Help
PRACTICAL TREATMENT MANUAL
Sudden Onset Back Pain
  • Lumbar Strain
  • Disc Herniation and Sciatica
  • Fractures
  • Osteoporosis
Recurring Back Pain
  • Symptoms
  • Treating the Individual Episode
  • Preventing Recurrence
Persistent (Chronic) Back Pain
  • Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Joint Disease)
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Instability from Arthritis (Degenerative Spondylolisthesis)
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Psoriatic
    Arthritis
  • Psoriatic Arthropathy
  • Other Types of Lumbar Spine Instability

Glossary
Selected References
Index

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Preface

Preface

A friend of mine once suggested that all doctors should experience, at least once, the illnesses and treatments they see and prescribe. With reference to low back pain, they may have had a point!

Last summer, following a particularly rigorous landscaping endeavor, I awoke with low back pain. I am a fairly fit 40-year-old man who works out at the gym, three or four times a week; I run, I cycle, and I play soccer on a Sunday morning. I am pretty much used to the aches and pains that follow an overzealous bench press or a vigorous defensive tackle. The adage that "after 40 the pain really never goes away, it just changes location," seems ever more true, a reality softened by the occasional anti-inflammatory, savior of the masters athlete. However, nothing could have prepared me for the shock of not being able to move or even cough without tear-inducing pain from my back. I see patients with all kinds of orthopedic injuries and was aware of the impact of back pain on patients' ability to function even remotely close to normality. I was aware of the difficulty in gaining pain control in low back pain, its intractability and emotional connotations, far more than many other conditions considered 'more serious.'

Yet here I was, barely able to make it to breakfast (a meal I consider most vital to daily survival), half crying, half laughing at the severity of the discomfort emanating from some ill-defined area called my 'low-back.' And what was worse was the fact that I had not even sustained a sympathy-worthy injury to cause all this. I had simply moved a little dirt to provide space for some new hostas!

Not to be defeated by this simple 'muscle inflammation,' as I had clinically determined it to be, I put the 'practice what you preach' plan into action. Ice packs, Tylenol, an anti-inflammatory, and a couple of simple stretches and I should be out planting by noon, I reassured myself. But an hour later I'd made it no farther than the bathroom, more out of dire necessity than by overcoming discomfort. I was getting a little annoyed. After all I had an awful lot of things to do and a barbecue to attend that evening. My wife Penny (and co-author of this book), as always, was very supportive and understanding, offering a never-ending supply of ice/heat packs, massage, acupuncture, and other naturopathic remedies — even a trip to the pharmacy to find something 'stronger.' This last offer may have been her chance to escape my increasing and inexcusable grouchiness, a perfect example of the emotional aspect of severe, yet inexplicable pain.

Well, the hostas never got planted — but I did make it to the barbecue. A man in pain has to establish priorities! And I did indeed improve and become more mobile. The acute discomfort subsided as quickly as it had arisen. However, 4 weeks later I was still feeling the occasional twinge, continued to be a little stiff, and woke once or twice at night with an ache in my low back. Did I reassure myself that this was quite typical for a 'lumbar strain,' that there were no concerning features in my symptoms, and that overall I was gradually getting better? Of course not! I conjured up every serious back condition ever reported in the medical literature and managed to fit the symptoms to my discomfort. Doctors indeed make the worst patients.

Needless to say, by 6 weeks I was completely pain free and back to normal. My quite unnecessary X-ray, as I expected, showed not even a hint of anything abnormal.

Some individuals, however, have a different experience with their back pain. It may not resolve so quickly, it may persist or recur. It may be more disabling and disturbing to their daily lives, occasionally becoming chronic and threatening their overall mood and well-being.

We begin the book by answering the most pressing questions you may ask when you experience back pain: Should I See a Doctor? Who Treats Back Pain? What Are the Causes of Back Pain? We next provide full descriptions of treatments, from ice packs through medications to surgery. We then bring these treatment strategies to bear upon specific back problems, from acute lumbar strain through recurrent back pain to chronic arthritic conditions.

To orient yourself to the medical terms involved in describing back pain and back care we recommend that you quickly glance through the Glossary at the back of the book and return to it whenever you encounter a term in the book that requires clarification. Similarly, we recommend that you glance at the Back Anatomy and Pain Pathology illustrations at the front of the book and bookmark this section for quick reference as you read further. Perhaps the best way to introduce you to the complex language of back pain and back care is visually through these simplified medical illustrations of the bones, nerves, muscles, and ligaments of the spinal column.

In the effort to make this book authoritative, we have based our information on current medical research. These sources are listed in the 'Selected References' section at the back of the book. And in the effort to be comprehensive, we have called on a team of expert consultants, namely Dr Michael Ford, a surgeon who specializes in back surgery; Helen Razmjou, a physical therapist who specializes in mechanical diagnosis and treatment of low back pain; Sabine Stojanovich, a certified personal trainer and rehabilitation conditioning consultant; and Dr Charles Gregory, a psychiatrist who specializes in chronic pain management. We bring to the book our own expertise, Stephen as an orthopedic surgeon, and Penny as a naturopathic doctor with special knowledge of nutritional supplements and weight management. We are also the co-authors of
Healing Arthritis: Complementary Naturopathic, Orthopedic, and Drug Treatments as well as The Complete Doctor's Stress Solution. Penny is also the author of The Naturopathic Diet: A Guide for Managing Weight, Preventing Illness, and Achieving Optimum Health.

We trust the comprehensive information presented in The Complete Doctor's Healthy Back Bible will lead to a speedy recovery and to the prevention of this most common ailment in the future.

— Stephen Reed, MD and Penny Kendall-Reed, ND

Read More Show Less

Introduction

Preface

A friend of mine once suggested that all doctors should experience, at least once, the illnesses and treatments they see and prescribe. With reference to low back pain, they may have had a point!

Last summer, following a particularly rigorous landscaping endeavor, I awoke with low back pain. I am a fairly fit 40-year-old man who works out at the gym, three or four times a week; I run, I cycle, and I play soccer on a Sunday morning. I am pretty much used to the aches and pains that follow an overzealous bench press or a vigorous defensive tackle. The adage that "after 40 the pain really never goes away, it just changes location," seems ever more true, a reality softened by the occasional anti-inflammatory, savior of the masters athlete. However, nothing could have prepared me for the shock of not being able to move or even cough without tear-inducing pain from my back. I see patients with all kinds of orthopedic injuries and was aware of the impact of back pain on patients' ability to function even remotely close to normality. I was aware of the difficulty in gaining pain control in low back pain, its intractability and emotional connotations, far more than many other conditions considered 'more serious.'

Yet here I was, barely able to make it to breakfast (a meal I consider most vital to daily survival), half crying, half laughing at the severity of the discomfort emanating from some ill-defined area called my 'low-back.' And what was worse was the fact that I had not even sustained a sympathy-worthy injury to cause all this. I had simply moved a little dirt to provide space for some new hostas!

Not to be defeated by this simple 'muscleinflammation,' as I had clinically determined it to be, I put the 'practice what you preach' plan into action. Ice packs, Tylenol, an anti-inflammatory, and a couple of simple stretches and I should be out planting by noon, I reassured myself. But an hour later I'd made it no farther than the bathroom, more out of dire necessity than by overcoming discomfort. I was getting a little annoyed. After all I had an awful lot of things to do and a barbecue to attend that evening. My wife Penny (and co-author of this book), as always, was very supportive and understanding, offering a never-ending supply of ice/heat packs, massage, acupuncture, and other naturopathic remedies -- even a trip to the pharmacy to find something 'stronger.' This last offer may have been her chance to escape my increasing and inexcusable grouchiness, a perfect example of the emotional aspect of severe, yet inexplicable pain.

Well, the hostas never got planted -- but I did make it to the barbecue. A man in pain has to establish priorities! And I did indeed improve and become more mobile. The acute discomfort subsided as quickly as it had arisen. However, 4 weeks later I was still feeling the occasional twinge, continued to be a little stiff, and woke once or twice at night with an ache in my low back. Did I reassure myself that this was quite typical for a 'lumbar strain,' that there were no concerning features in my symptoms, and that overall I was gradually getting better? Of course not! I conjured up every serious back condition ever reported in the medical literature and managed to fit the symptoms to my discomfort. Doctors indeed make the worst patients.

Needless to say, by 6 weeks I was completely pain free and back to normal. My quite unnecessary X-ray, as I expected, showed not even a hint of anything abnormal.

Some individuals, however, have a different experience with their back pain. It may not resolve so quickly, it may persist or recur. It may be more disabling and disturbing to their daily lives, occasionally becoming chronic and threatening their overall mood and well-being.

We begin the book by answering the most pressing questions you may ask when you experience back pain: Should I See a Doctor? Who Treats Back Pain? What Are the Causes of Back Pain? We next provide full descriptions of treatments, from ice packs through medications to surgery. We then bring these treatment strategies to bear upon specific back problems, from acute lumbar strain through recurrent back pain to chronic arthritic conditions.

To orient yourself to the medical terms involved in describing back pain and back care we recommend that you quickly glance through the Glossary at the back of the book and return to it whenever you encounter a term in the book that requires clarification. Similarly, we recommend that you glance at the Back Anatomy and Pain Pathology illustrations at the front of the book and bookmark this section for quick reference as you read further. Perhaps the best way to introduce you to the complex language of back pain and back care is visually through these simplified medical illustrations of the bones, nerves, muscles, and ligaments of the spinal column.

In the effort to make this book authoritative, we have based our information on current medical research. These sources are listed in the 'Selected References' section at the back of the book. And in the effort to be comprehensive, we have called on a team of expert consultants, namely Dr Michael Ford, a surgeon who specializes in back surgery; Helen Razmjou, a physical therapist who specializes in mechanical diagnosis and treatment of low back pain; Sabine Stojanovich, a certified personal trainer and rehabilitation conditioning consultant; and Dr Charles Gregory, a psychiatrist who specializes in chronic pain management. We bring to the book our own expertise, Stephen as an orthopedic surgeon, and Penny as a naturopathic doctor with special knowledge of nutritional supplements and weight management. We are also the co-authors of Healing Arthritis: Complementary Naturopathic, Orthopedic, and Drug Treatments as well as The Complete Doctor's Stress Solution. Penny is also the author of The Naturopathic Diet: A Guide for Managing Weight, Preventing Illness, and Achieving Optimum Health.

We trust the comprehensive information presented in The Complete Doctor's Healthy Back Bible will lead to a speedy recovery and to the prevention of this most common ailment in the future.

-- Stephen Reed, MD and Penny Kendall-Reed, ND

Read More Show Less

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