The Complete History of Aviation

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781615306671
  • Publisher: Britannica Educational Publishing
  • Publication date: 12/15/2011
  • Series: Transportation and Society Series
  • Pages: 184
  • Age range: 15 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction viii

Chapter1 Balloon Flight i

Elements of Balloon Flight 2

The Pioneers 4

The Montgolfier Brothers 5

The Gas-Hot-Air Hybrid Balloon 8

Smoke and Coal Gas 9

Military Experiments and Petroleum Fuel 11

Balloons Reach the Stratosphere 12

Plastic Balloons 13

Superpressure Balloons 15

Modern Hot-Air Balloons 16

Chapter 2 Flight Balloons and

Airships 18

Hot-Air Ballooning 18

Hot-Air Balloon Components 19

Envelope Design 19

Deflation Systems 21

Burners 22

Baskets 23

High-Altitude Ballooning 23

Long-Distance Ballooning 27

Steve Fossett Circles the Globe 3 o

Airships 31

The Hindenburg Disaster 35

Chapter 3 The Invention of the Airplane 36

The Problem of Lift 37

The Problem of Propulsion 40

The Wright Brothers at Kitty Hawk 44

The Problem of Control 46

Other Aviation Pioneers 48

Chapter 4 Pistons and Propellers 52

The Headliners 53

Lindbergh Crosses the Atlantic 55

The First Airlines 56

From Airmail to Airlines in the United States United States 60

TheDC-3 64

The Aeronautical Infrastructure 68

Wartime Legacies 69

Postwar Airlines 71

General Aviation 74

Chapter 5 The Jet Age 82

First Experiments 82

World War II 83

Technical Advantages and

Challenges 84

The Black Box 86

The Airlines Re-equip 89

Progress in Engines and Airframes 92

Air Force One 96

Avionics, Passenger Support, and Safety 98

Supersonic Flight 100

The Concorde 102

Chapter 6 Helicopters, Hang Gliders, and Ultralights 104

The Helicopter 104

History 105

Autogiros Principles of Flight and Operation 111

Control Functions 115

The Hang Glider 116

Otto Lilientbal 117

The Ultralight 119

Chapter 7 Airports 123

Modern Airports 126

Operational Requirements 128

Runway Configurations 129

Runway Pavements 131

Navigational Aids, Lighting, and Marking 133

Air Traffic Control 135

Cargo Facilities 136

Environmental Impact 138

Airport Security 40

Conclusion 44


Notable Balloon Flights 145

Notable Balloon Altitude Records 147

Pioneer Aircraft 148

World's Busiest Airports by Total

Passenger Traffic (Enplaning and Deplaning) 150

World's Busiest Airports by Total

Movements (Takeoffs and Landings) 153

Glossary 156

Bibliography 158

Index 161

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