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Appendix - Recommended Reading and Resources
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With their spunky personalities, endless energy and remarkable intelligence, it'sno wonder that Jack Russell Terriers have become a favorite among producers. Fromtelevision ads to blockbuster hits, the JRT is making its mark on viewers acrossthe nation. Hollywood and Madison Avenue can't seem to get enough of the Jack RussellTerrier.
More and more JRTs are popping up in the most interesting places--Nissan commercials,ads for the Travel Channel, sitcoms such as Frasier and even a show calledWishbone in which the big star is, what else, a Jack Russell Terrier. We seeJRTs alongside such film greats as Jim Carrey in The Mask and Gene Hackmanin Crimson Tide, and these little white dynamos are holding their own in theacting department.
Bet You Didn't Know
Performing co mes naturally to Jack Russell Terriers whether on TV, in the movies or in your own home. They love to show off their strange and quirky personalities, and they have more than their share of fun while entertaining you and themselves.
The use of terriers in advertising began in the late 1880s when Nipper, a bull/foxterrier mix, became widely known as the RCA dog in the United States. After the deathof the terrier's master, he came to live with Mark and Francis Barraud. As a photographer,Francis Barraud recognized the potential in the little dog. At Francis Barraud'sstudio, Nipper would listen to the old phonograph, cocking his head and appearingfascinated by the pleasant music emanating from the odd machine. It occurred to Mr.Barraud that perhaps Nipper was waiting to hear his master's voice amidst the music.He decided to paint Nipper's portrait and to try to capture his quizzical look ashe sat next to the gramophone. The result was the oil painting titled His Master'sVoice.
Dissatisfied with the painting, which he considered too dark, Barraud visitedthe Gramophone Company in London and borrowed a brass horn to brighten up the picture.Gramophone executives became interested in the painting, but only if Barraud agreedto replace the Edison Bell cylinder phonograph originally used in the painting withthe company's new disc-style gramophone. Thus, a star was born.
The company originally used the portrait under its 1900 English trademark andnamed the painting Dog and Trumpet. Emile Berliner, the inventor of the discgramophone, saw the painting. Upon his return to the United States, he began usingthe trademarked image, which he registered in the States as Nipper and the Gramophone.A corporate trademark for more than a century, Nipper appears on literally millionsof RCA-Victor products. A replica is displayed at the Capitol Records Building inHollywood, California.
Nipper also was the model for a statue that has become a famous landmark in Albany,New York. Because the statue is so tall, it sports an aircraft beacon on its rightear to ward off possible collisions. Millions of Nipper replicas in rubber, plasticand ceramic have become collectibles for enthusiasts across the nation, and Nipperhas become the RCA dog in the minds and hearts of countless of admirers.
In 1990, Nipper was joined by a new puppy companion named Chipper, who representsRCA's semiconductor-based digital products. To portray a youthful image, Chipperis replaced regularly with younger counterparts to retain the puppy look. Regardlessof age, the poster children for the RCA Company are undeniably Jack Russell Terriersin all their bright-eyed glory.
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Several agencies, such as All Tame Animals, Animals in Advertising, Dawn Animal Agency and Media K9, specialize in booking dogs for TV, films and advertising. Many famous dog owners, however, act as the owner, trainer and agent for their dogs.
Perhaps one of the most widely recognized Jack Russell Terriers on televisiontoday is Jackie Martin-Kaptan's Soccer, who landed the role of PBS's Wishboneafter beating out more than one hundred other dogs for the part. Although the partwasn't specifically written for a Jack Russell, Wishbo ne producer Rick Duffieldrecognized in Soccer the look and attitude that personified the quirky little dogdepicted in the show. Soccer doesn't have to act. He really is Wishbone, and he lovesto show people just how smart he is.
Soccer's success did not come easily. Ms. Kaptan bought the playful little bundleat 8 weeks of age, hoping he would have what it takes to make it big. She put sevenlong years of training into him before he ever got his big break. The productionschedule and publicity demands for the role keep both her and Soccer hopping--somuch so that Ms. Kaptan has purchased two other JRTs that share Soccer's unique markingsand temperament, just so he can have a weekly break from his show biz schedule.
Although a vast majority of the tricks and most of the show are shot with Soccer,some of the more demanding tricks and many of the print shoots are performed by Soccerstand-ins. Because Soccer is now more than 10 years old, Jackie is understandablyprotective of her superstar pet. He is still, after all, her own pet and buddy. Sheis careful to look after both his health and his interests.
The schedule that Soccer and Ms. Martin keep is nothing short of exhausting. Jackiedoes all the training of all three dogs, and she and her two set assistants are busywith screen blocking, new tricks and wardrobe concerns, not to mention weekend publicityshoots. Because the show is filmed weekly, both she and Soccer have only weekendsto learn and perf ect new tricks for the upcoming week's show. Most of the tricksSoccer knows took between three days and six months to learn, although Soccer's trademarkback-flip took more than ten months of careful training to perfect. It is his mostdifficult trick, and Jackie meticulously makes sure all important safety factorsare in place before shooting this trick for the show.
As if the tricks and staging weren't enough to ask of the rambunctious Jack Russell,he also had to learn to manage the costumes and hats that are so much a part of theWishbone character. Performing a back-flip attired in a hat and coat can't be easy--especiallywhen the shot must be perfect, with the costume and hat straight and unaffected afterthe jump. Not only that, Soccer has to make it look fresh and energetic, even ifthe trick has been performed a number of times. Jackie credits costume designer StephenChudej and Wishbone's wardrobe wizard Barbara Baker for making this potentially frustratingaspect of the show run smoothly for both her and her little terrier. It's easy tosee, however, why so few trainers succeed in this demanding business.
In real life, Jack Russells are not as they are portrayed in the movies or on television. Don't buy a JRT because you think they are cute or because your children want their own Eddie or Wishbone. In real life, JRTs are nothing like the well-mannered, well-trained stars you see for a few minutes strutting their stuff on television.
What is Soccer like off-screen? Is he the perfect little terrier that all JRTowners long for? Hardly . Soccer, like all Jack Russells, is a little terror. Smartand playful, he always is looking for ways to amuse himself including hunting imaginarybugs and playing with rocks and water buckets. Having a well-trained Jack RussellTerrier, however, has even more hazards than one would guess.
One day Jackie was playing ball with Soccer as she sat on the couch watching TV,something she rarely gets to do. She threw the ball down the hall and it ricochetedoff the walls while Soccer gleefully bounced after it, fetching and returning itto her for another throw. After one such throw, Soccer didn't return immediately.Thinking that the ball had bounced into the bathroom or around a corner where Soccerwould have to search for it, Jackie smiled to herself and took advantage of the extrafew moments of peace while Soccer hunted for his toy.
Her moment of peace was short-lived. After a few minutes, Jackie heard the toiletmagically flush, and she knew immediately what had happened. Running into the bathroomand hoping she was wrong, she found her darling little terrier happily watching theswirling water suck the ball down into her home's plumbing. After a repair bill ofseveral hundred dollars, Soccer no longer is allowed in the bathroom.
Soccer is now retired and lives out his days with Jackie and her forty other companions.I'm sure he will have a life filled with balls, rocks and lots of imaginary bugsto hunt. Jackie says she will bring him back if his talents truly are needed fora particular shot; otherwise, the younger terriers now have their moment of doggystardom. I'm sure Wishbone will continue to be remembered fondly through his showand in the hearts of children across the nation.
Because Soccer has an abundance of energy and a mischievous streak, he sleeps in a crate at night so Jackie can rest easy that the house will be in one piece come daybreak.
Jackie is proud of her work with Soccer and other canine screen stars, and shenow is recognized as one of the foremost dog trainers in Hollywood. She had the goodfortune to work with Frank Inn, trainer of the famous Benji, and has since gone onto work with the canine stars of True Lies, Look Who's Talking, Shiloh--boththe original and the sequel--and, of course, Wishbone.
Bet You Didn't Know
It is because of programs such as Wishbone and Frasier that the popularity of the breed has grown so fast. They're so cute and smart that everyone wants one. But not everyone should own a JRT!
As you undoubtedly know, the cast of the critically acclaimed sitcom Frasier,from Paramount Network Television, includes a Jack Russell Terrier. The showmade television history by being the only show ever to win five Emmy Awards for OutstandingComedy Series, and it is one of the most popular series on television.
Known to the world as Eddie, Martin Crane's adoring little companion, the roleis played by a spunky little Jack Russell named, of all things, Moose. Not only doesMoose add charm and humor to the cast of talented actors, he also allows Martin'scharacter to show a softer side that belies his sarcastic exterior. His appearanceon the show has prompted such memorable lines as "Don't stare at me, Eddie.I'm a humane man, but right now I could kick a kitten through an electric fan,"which was uttered by Frasier after having a particularly bad day.
Moose's official resumé lists him as an overnight success. He was born inFlorida and was chosen from a litter of ten Jack Russell puppies. He is a purportedgraduate of Orlando University with a bachelor's degree in obedience and has taughtsign language at Canine Corral. His first audition was with Universal Studios inOrlando, Florida, where he successfully landed a starring role in their Animal Actors'Showcase.
From there, Moose won the role of Eddie on Frasier. His fuzzy-faced appealon the sitcom interested a number of editors and ad managers. As a result, his imagehas graced the cover of Life, TV Guide, Entertainment Weekly,and Seattle Cigar Lifestyle. Not to be outdone by the likes of Cindy Crawfordand Kathy Ireland, Moose also has his own calendar. It might not be as sexy, butits sales prove that it is just as popular!
Moose divides his time between homes in California and Florida. Moose is representedby Birds and Animals in California and receives considerable fan mail through NBC'sstudio in Hollywood, California.
Bet You Didn't Know
Even the Internet isn't immune to these furry little terrorists. A sprightly little Jack Russell Terrier named Lucy the Wonder Dog boasts her own Web page featuring Lucy's Store.
As well known as Wishbone and Eddie are, they aren't the only famous JRTs to hitHollywood and beyond. A capricious canine named Milo starred alongside Jim Carreyin the movie The Mask and added undeniable humor and appeal to the zany comic'srole. The JRT provided some amusing moments--and let's face it, it isn't easy tocompete with Jim Carrey!
Another big-screen Jack Russell named Barclay has been in increasing demand asa movie addition. He appeared in Clean Slate, Ernest Goes To Jail andVolcano, in which his coat was accidentally singed by fire during one of theeruption scenes. To round out his experience, Barclay also has appeared in a Tidelaundry-detergent commercial and a Round-Up weed-killer ad.
Although a number of videos and books are available that offer advice about getting your dog into show business, don't quit your day job just yet. Remember Jackie Martin-Kaptan's warning--show biz is demanding and tiring work, and only a small number will succeed.
As Barclay's resumé shows, television producers recognize the ad appeal ofthe zippy little white dog with the mischievous look and the perky tail. You wouldbe hard pressed to turn on the TV and not see an ad featuring these lovable littleterriers.
I'm sure you would recognize Hagis from the Nissan car commercials and Pixie fromthe Kodak ads. Numerous others, who remain nameless but no less appealing, are featuredin Pillsbury Toaster Strudel, T.G.I. Friday's restaurants, Little Caesar's Pizzaand U.S. West Direct Yellow Pages ads, just to name a few. They've even teamed upwith Tim McGraw to sell beer! How's that for well rounded? Let's not forget the Jacuzzi-operatingJRT that won the $100,000 jackpot for his owners in the America's Funniest HomeVideos giveaway. Now that's making Jack Russell ownership pay off in spades!
Believe it or not, JRT mania has spread even to outer space. After much research,I found that the first dog in space was an 11-pound terrier named Laika who accompaniedcosmonauts during the Sputnik 2 mission launched on November 3, 1957. Although originallythought to be a mutt, NASA sources confirm that Laika most likely was a Jack RussellTerrier. Unfortunately, Laika died during the flight due to inadequate preparationsfor doggy needs in space, causing a furor in Russia. His picture appears on manyRussian stamps, and he was nicknamed Muttnick by astronauts here in the United States.
Aside from the JRTs that have made names for themselves, many famous people ownJack Russell Terriers. Prince Charles has one, as does Olympic diver Greg Louganis.It also is rumored that George Patton owned a JRT. A young pitcher, Orlando "ElDuque" Hernandez, got his big break in the major leagues when New York Yankeespitcher David Cone was bitten on the finger by his mother's 4-month-old Jack Russellpuppy and was unable to start.