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The Correspondence Theory of Truth: An Essay on the Metaphysics of Predication

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Overview

This work presents a version of the correspondence theory of truth based on Wittgenstein's Tractatus and Russell's theory of truth and discusses related metaphysical issues such as predication, facts, and propositions. Like Russell and one prominent interpretation of the Tractatus, it assumes a realist view of universals and argues that facts as real entities are not needed. It will intrigue teachers and advanced students of philosophy interested in the conception of truth and in the metaphysics related to the correspondence theory of truth.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The Correspondence Theory of Truth is a welcome addition to the literature on truth ... Newman has done a thorough job of providing us with such an account. His book should be at the forefront of the debate about the nature of truth for a long time to come." Philosophy in Review
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521009881
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 5/21/2007
  • Series: Cambridge Studies in Philosophy Series
  • Pages: 264
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.59 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Introduction 1
1 Universals, Predication, and Truth 10
1.1 The Problem of Universals 10
1.2 Theories of Universals 15
1.3 Predication, Participation, and Inherence 20
1.4 Universals, Truth, and Devitt 26
2 The Univocity of Truth 33
2.1 Horwich and Deflationary Theories of Truth 33
2.2 Alston and Minimalist Realism about Truth 37
2.3 The Problem of the Univocity of Truth 42
2.4 Reality and the Eleatic Principle 47
3 The Correspondence Theory for Predicative Sentences 53
3.1 Difficulties about States of Affairs in the Tractatus 53
3.2 Truth as Isomorphism between Sentence and State of Affairs 58
3.3 The Nominalist Account of Atomic Facts 61
3.4 The Realist Account of Atomic Facts 66
3.5 Correspondence for Sentences with and without Facts 72
3.6 The Notion of Content 77
3.7 Austin's Theory of Truth 79
App. 3.1 The Role of Mental Sentences in Tractarian Belief 83
App. 3.2 The Tractatus's Attitude to Truth 86
4 Russell's Theory of Truth and Its Principal Problems 88
4.1 The Virtues of Russell's Theory of Truth 88
4.2 The Variants of Russell's Theory of Truth 90
4.3 The Major Problems of Russell's Theory 96
4.4 The Problem of the Twofold Role of the Relation 97
4.5 The Modes of Composition of Entities 102
5 How Predicative Beliefs Correspond to the World 108
5.1 The Objections to Russell's Theory Analysed as Dilemmas 108
5.2 A Formal Hypothesis in Defence of Russell's Theory 111
5.3 Informal Justification of the Formal Hypothesis 115
5.4 Correspondence for Predicative Beliefs 117
5.5 Criterion of Identity for Russellian Propositions 121
5.6 Intentional Relations 124
5.7 Russellian Propositions as Constructions 127
5.8 The Identity Theory of Truth 130
App. 5.1 Answers to Other Objections to Russell's Theory 132
6 The Metaphysics of Facts 140
6.1 Metaphysical Accounts of the Nature of Facts 140
6.2 Armstrong and Facts as Truth Makers 149
6.3 The Linguistic View of Facts and States of Affairs 154
6.4 Olson's Account of Facts 159
6.5 The Slingshot and the Great Fact 168
7 The Metaphysics of Propositions 172
7.1 Current Theories of Propositions 172
7.2 Minimalism about Propositions 176
7.3 The Ontological Case for Platonism about Propositions 182
7.4 Bealer on Structureless Platonic Propositions 185
7.5 The Structure of Platonic Propositions 190
7.6 Immanent Russellian Propositions 193
8 The Correspondence Theory and Complex Propositions 196
8.1 Complex Propositions and Compound Propositions 196
8.2 Propositions as Subjects of Predication 200
8.3 Conjunction as a Function 206
8.4 Negation and Positive and Negative Entities 207
8.5 Negative Predicative Sentences, Their Truth Conditions and Truth Makers 211
8.6 The Concept of Negation and Negative Propositions 213
8.7 Universal Sentences 216
8.8 Negative Existentially Quantified Sentences 220
8.9 The Problem of Identity Sentences 221
App. 8.1 Logical Constants as Functions 230
Bibliography 236
Index 245
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