The Cosmos: Astronomy in the New Millennium / Edition 2by Jay M. Pasachoff, Alex Filippenko, Alexei V. Filippenko
Pub. Date: 04/28/2003
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Pasachoff/Filippenko represent a team that brings together experience in writing, research, and teaching. This book provides a brief, interesting, up-to-date, and beautifully illustrated overview of astronomy. Pasachoff/Filippenko are each very experienced in teaching introductory astronomy and bring that experience to bear in this text.
Table of Contents1. A GRAND TOUR OF THE HEAVENS. Astronomy Across Time, Space, and the Spectrum. Observing the Universe. Distances in the Universe. Figure It Out: Scientific Notation. Figure It Out: Keeping Track of Space and Time. A Closer Look: A Sense of Scale: Measuring Distances. The Value of Astronomy. Origins. The Scientific Method. Science and Pseudoscience. 2. LIGHT, MATTER AND ENERGY: POWERING THE UNIVERSE. The Spectrum. Black Bodies and Their Radiation. Atoms and Spectral Lines. The Bohr Atom. The Doppler Effect. Box: Temperature Conversions. 3. LIGHT AND TELESCOPES: EXTENDING OUR SENSES. Light and Telescopes. Wide-Field Telescopes. Amateur Telescopes. The Hubble Space Telescope. Solar Telescopes. Outside the Visible Spectrum. X-ray and Gamma-ray Telescopes. Ultraviolet Telescopes. Infrared Telescopes. Radio Telescopes. A Closer Look: A Night at Mauna Kea. 4. OBSERVING THE STARS AND PLANETS: CLOCKWORK OF THE UNIVERSE. The Phases of the Moon and Planets. Twinkling. Rising and Setting Stars. Apparent Magnitude. A Closer Look: Photographing the Stars. Celestial Coordinates. A Closer Look: Angular Measure. Figure It Out: Observing the Constellations. Star Party: Using the Sky Maps. The Motions of the Sun, Moon, and Planets. Star Party: The Paths of the Moon and Planets. Time and the International Date Line. Calendars. 5. GRAVITY AND MOTION: THE EARLY HISTORY OF MODERN ASTRONOMY. Survey of the Solar System. The Earth-Centered Astronomy of Ancient Greece. Copernicus and His Sun-Centered Universe. A Closer Look: Ptolemaic Terms. Lives in Science: Copernicus. Lives in Science: Tycho Brahe. Tycho Brahe. Johannes Kepler. Kepler's FirstLaw. Lives in Science: Johannes Kepler. Kepler's Second Law. Kepler's Third Law. Figure It Out. A Closer Look: Kepler's Laws. Galileo Galilei. Lives in Science: Galileo. Isaac Newton. Lives in Science: Isaac Newton. A Closer Look: Kepler's Third Law. The Rotation and Revolution of the Planets. The Formation of the Solar System. 6. THE TERRESTRIAL PLANETS: EARTH, MOON, AND THEIR RELATIVES. A Closer Look: Data for the Terrestrial Planets and Their Moons. Our Earth. The Earth's Interior. Continental Drift. Box :Density. The Earth's Atmosphere. The Van Allen Belts. The Moon. The Moon's Appearance. A Closer Look: First People on the Moon. The Lunar Surface. The Lunar Interior. The Origin of the Moon. Rocks from the Moon. Mercury. The Rotation of Mercury. Mercury Observed from the Earth. Mercury from Mariner 10. A Closer Look: Naming the Features of Mercury. Mercury Research Rejuvenated. Mercury's History. Back to Mercury, At Last. Venus. The Atmosphere of Venus. The Rotation of Venus. The Temperature of Venus. Venus's Atmosphere Observed from Space. Venus's Surface. Mars. Characteristics of Mars. Mars's Surface. Mars's Atmosphere. The Search for Life. 7. THE JOVIAN PLANETS: WINDSWEPT GIANTS. A Closer Look: Data for Some Major Worlds. A Closer Look: Data for Some Minor Worlds. Jupiter. Spacecraft to Jupiter. The Great Red Spot. Jupiter's Atmosphere. Jupiter's Interior. Jupiter's Magnetic Field. Jupiter's Ring. Jupiter's Galilean Satellites. A Closer Look: Jupiter's Satellites in Mythology. Saturn. Saturn's Rings. Saturn's Atmosphere. Saturn's Interior and Magnetic Field. A Closer Look: Saturn's Satellites in Mythology. Saturn's Moon Titan. Uranus. A Closer Look: Uranus and Neptune in Mythology. Uranus's Atmosphere. Uranus's Rings. Uranus's Interior and Magnetic Field. Neptune. Neptune's Atmosphere. Neptune's Interior and Magnetic Field. Neptune's Rings. A Closer Look: Naming the Rings of Neptune. Neptune's Moon Triton. Extra-Solar Planets. 8. PLUTO, COMETS, AND SPACE DEBRIS. Pluto. Pluto's Mass and Size. Pluto's Atmosphere. What is Pluto?. Kuiper Belt Objects. Is Pluto a Planet?. Comets. The Composition of Comets. The Origin and Evolution of Comets. Halley's Comet. Comet Hale-Bopp. Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9. Future Spacecraft to Comets. Meteoroids. Types and Sizes of Meteorites. Meteor Showers. A Closer Look: Meteor Showers. Asteroids. Near-Earth Objects. A Closer Look: The Extinction of the Dinosaurs. 9. OUR STAR: THE SUN. Basic Structure of the Sun. The Photosphere. The Chromosphere. The Corona. Sunspots and Other Solar Activity. Flares. Filaments and Prominences. Eclipses. Lunar Eclipses. Solar Eclipses. Star Party: Solar Eclipses. The Scientific Value of Eclipses. The Sun and the Theory of Relativity. Lives in Science: Albert Einstein. 10. STARS: DISTANT SUNS. Colors and Temperatures. The Spectral Types of Stars. The Distances of Stars. Triangulating to the Nearby Stars. Absolute Magnitudes. Temperature-Magnitude Diagrams. The Motions of Stars. 11. SOCIAL STARS: BINARIES AND CLUSTERS. Binary Stars. A Closer Look: A Sense of Mass: Weighing Stars. Variable Stars. Star Clusters. How Old Are Star Clusters?. A Closer Look: Star Clusters. 12. HOW STARS SHINE: COSMIC FURNACES. Stars in Formation. Energy Sources in Stars. Atoms. The Stellar Prime of Life. Stellar Energy Cycles. Brown Dwarfs. The Solar Neutrino Experiment. The Life Cycles of Stars. 13. THE DEATH OF STARS: STELLAR RECYCLING. The Death of the Sun. Red Giants. Planetary Nebulae. White Dwarfs. Novae. Supernovae: Stellar Recycling. Red Supergiants. Observing Supernovae. Supernovae and Us. Supernova 1987A. Cosmic Rays. Pulsars: Stellar Beacons. Neutron Stars. The Discovery of Pulsars. What Are Pulsars?. The Crab, Pulsars, and Supernovae. Slowing Pulsars and the Fast Pulsar. The Binary Pulsar and Gravity Waves. X-Ray Binaries. A Pulsar With a Planet. 14. BLACK HOLES: THE END OF SPACE AND TIME. The Formation of a Stellar Black Hole. The Photon Sphere. The Event Horizon. Rotating Black Holes. Detecting a Black Hole. Mini Black Holes. Giant Black Holes. 15. THE MILKY WAY: OUR HOME IN THE UNIVERSE. The Milky Way. The Illusion That We Are at the Center. Nebulae. A Closer Look: Why is the Sky Blue?. The Parts of Our Galaxy. The Center of Our Galaxy and Infrared Studies. All-Sky Maps of Our Galaxy. The Spiral Structure of Our Galaxy. Why Does Our Galaxy Have Spiral Arms?. Matter Between the Stars. Radio Observations of Our Galaxy. Mapping Our Galaxy. Radio Spectral Lines from Molecules. The Formation of Stars. At a Radio Observatory. 16. A UNIVERSE OF GALAXIES. Galaxies: "Island Universes". The Discovery of Galaxies. Types of Galaxies. Clusters and Superclusters of Galaxies. The Dark Side of Matter. The Rotation Curve of the Milky Way Galaxy. Figure It Out: The Rotation Curve. Dark Matter Everywhere. Gravitational Lensing. The Birth and Life of Galaxies. The Expansion of the Universe. Figure It Out: Redshifts and Hubble's Law. Figure It Out: Using Hubble's Law to Determine Distances. The Search for Distant Galaxies. The Evolution of Galaxies. Large Scale Structure in the Universe. 17. QUASARS AND ACTIVE GALAXIES. Active Galactic Nuclei. Quasars. The Discovery of Quasars. The Nature of Redshift. The Energy Problem. What Are Quasars. Detection of Supermassive Black Holes. The Effects of Beaming. Quasars as Probes of the Universe. 18. COSMOLOGY: THE BIRTH AND LIFE OF THE COSMOS. Olbers's Paradox. An Expanding Universe. Hubble's Law. Expansion Without a Center. The Age of the Universe. Figure It Out: The Hubble Time. The Quest for Hubble's Constant. Deviations from Uniform Expansion. The Geometry and Fate of the Universe. Three Kinds of Universe. Figure It Out: The Critical Density of OmegaM. Two Dimensional Analogues. What Kind of a Universe Do We Live In?. Measuring the Expected Deceleration. Type Ia Supernovae. Einstein's Biggest Blunder?. Alternatives to Acceleration. The Future of the Universe. 19. IN THE BEGINNING. The Steady-State Theory of the Universe. The Cosmic Background Radiation. Deviations from History. The Early Universe. A Brief History of the Universe. The Inflationary Universe. Problems with the Original Big Bang Model. Inflation to the Rescue. Figure It Out: Inflation. Forces In the Universe. Supercooling of the Universe. The Ultimate Free Lunch. Figure It Out: Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle. A Universe of Universes. A Universe Finely Tuned for Life. 20. LIFE IN THE UNIVERSE. The Origin of Life. Life in the Solar System. Suitable Stars for Intelligent Life. The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence. Figure It Out: Interstellar Travel. Communicating with Extraterrestrials . The Statistics of Intelligent Extraterrestrial Life. Figure It Out: The Drake Equation. UFO's and the Scientific Method. UFO's. Of Truth and Theories. EPILOGUE.
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