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Taking as its starting point the ethnogenesis of this ethnic group during the Mongol period (13th century), this volume traces their history through Islam, the Ottoman and the Russian Empires (15th and 17th century). The author discusses how Islam, Russian colonial policies and indigenous national movements shaped the collective identity of this victimized ethnic group.
Part two deals with the role of forced migration during the Russian colonial period, Soviet nation-building policies and ethnic cleansing in shaping this people's modern national identity. This work therefore also has wider applications for those dealing with the construction of diasporic identities. Taking a comparative approach, it traces the formation of Crimean Tatar diasporas in the Ottoman Balkans, Republican Turkey, and Soviet Central Asia (from 1944).
A theme which emerges through the work is the gradual construction of the Crimea as a national homeland by its indigenous Tatar population. It ends with a discussion of the post-Soviet repatriation of the Crimean Tatars to their Russified homeland and the social and identity problems involved.
|List of illustrations|
|Introduction. The Crimean Tatars as a Case Study in Ethno-Nationalism and Group Displacement||1|
|Ch. 1||Origins. The 'Ethnogenesis' of the Tatars of the Crimea||7|
|Ch. 2||Dar al-Islam. The Crimean Tatars from Mehmed the Conqueror to Catherine the Great||39|
|Ch. 3||The Pearl in the Tsar's Crown. The Crimean Land and People under Russia||73|
|Ch. 4||Dispossession. The Loss of the Crimean Homeland||111|
|Ch. 5||Dar al-Harb. The 19th Century Crimean Tatar Migrations to the Ottoman Empire||139|
|Ch. 6||Signs and Portents. The Tatars of the Crimea in the Aftermath of the Migration of 1860||172|
|Ch. 7||Ak Toprak. The Formation of the Crimean Tatar Communities of the Caucasus, Bulgaria and Romania||196|
|Ch. 8||The Great Retreat. The Formation of the Crimean Tatar Diaspora in Turkey||227|
|Ch. 9||Yesil Ada. The Construction of Tatar Diasporic Identity in Bulgaria and Romania||279|
|Ch. 10||Vatan. The Construction of the Crimean Tatar Homeland||301|
|Ch. 11||Soviet Homeland. The Nationalization of Crimean Tatar Identity in the USSR||334|
|Ch. 12||Surgun. The Crimean Tatar Exile in Central Asia||374|
|Ch. 13||Return. The Post-Soviet Crimean Tatar Migrations from Central Asia to the Crimea||411|