The Data Game / Edition 4

The Data Game / Edition 4

by Mark Maier, Jennifer Imazeki
     
 

ISBN-10: 0765629801

ISBN-13: 9780765629807

Pub. Date: 11/15/2012

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

This book introduces students to the collection, uses, and interpretation of statistical data in the social sciences. It would suit all social science introductory statistics and research methods courses. Separate chapters are devoted to data in the fields of demography, housing, health, education, crime, the economy, wealth, income, poverty, labor, business

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Overview

This book introduces students to the collection, uses, and interpretation of statistical data in the social sciences. It would suit all social science introductory statistics and research methods courses. Separate chapters are devoted to data in the fields of demography, housing, health, education, crime, the economy, wealth, income, poverty, labor, business statistics, and public opinion polling, with a concluding chapter devoted to the common problem of ambiguity. Each chapter includes multiple case studies illustrating the controversies, overview of data sources including web sites, chapter summary and a set of case study questions designed to stimulate further thought.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780765629807
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
11/15/2012
Pages:
328
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures, Tables, and Boxes xi

Preface to the Fourth Edition xv

Acknowledgments xvii

1 Introduction 3

The Purpose of This Book 3

How to Use This Book 5

2 Demography 7

Data Sources 8

U.S. Census 8

American Community Survey 8

Vital Statistics 9

Controversies 9

Population Counts 9

Privacy in the Census: Double-Edged Sword? 13

Will There Be a Population Boom? 14

Undocumented Immigrants 15

Race and Ethnicity 17

How Big Is the Gay Population? 24

Households and Families 25

Summary 29

Case Study Questions 30

3 Housing 36

Data Sources 37

U.S. Census 37

American Housing Survey 37

Other Industry Data 37

Price Data 38

Controversies 39

Housing Crisis 39

Homeownership 43

Racial Discrimination by Banks 44

Geographic Units 48

Segregation 49

Is Your City the Best Place to Live? 51

Summary 53

Case Study Questions 54

4 Health 60

Data Sources 60

U.S. Health Surveys 60

Other Government Surveys 61

Private Surveys 61

Worldwide Data 61

Controversies 62

Infant Mortality 62

Abortion 63

Are We Living Longer? 63

How to Measure Longevity 66

Cancer 69

HIV/AIDS 72

Are Americans Getting Fatter? 73

Chicago Heat Wave: What Caused the Tragedy? 74

What's Unsafe on the Road? Speed, Texting, Teens, Motorcycles, or Alcohol? 75

Drug Use 77

Benefit-Cost Analysis 77

Summary 81

Case Study Questions 81

5 Education 87

Data Sources 87

National Center for Education Statistics 87

U.S. Census Bureau 88

Other Surveys 88

State Data 89

Controversies 89

Poor Data 89

Educational Attainment 90

Testing 93

Charter Schools: Are They More Effective Than Regular Public Schools? 101

Teacher Compensation 102

Summary 105

Case Study Questions 106

6 Crime 111

Data Sources 111

Uniform Crime Reports 112

National Crime Victimization Survey 113

National Incident-Based Reporting System 114

Controversies 115

UCR, NCVS, or NIBRS? 115

Crime Is Down-And We Don't Know Why 116

Are There More Female Criminals? 117

Human Trafficking: How Often Does It Occur? 118

Where Is Crime the Worst? 119

Rape 121

Does Poverty Cause Crime? 122

Why Is the Black Crime Rate So High? 123

Does Prison Pay? 124

Hate Crimes 125

Does Capital Punishment Deter Murder? 126

More Guns/More Crime of Less Crime? 128

What About White-Collar Crime? 131

Summary 132

Case Study Questions 133

7 The National Economy 140

Data Sources 141

U.S. Commerce Department 141

U.S. Labor Department 142

U.S. Federal Reserve Board 142

U.S. Small Business Administration 143

International Statistics 143

Controversies 143

Which GDP? 143

Adjusting GDP Growth for Inflation 144

Problems with GDP 145

Underground Economy 146

Intercountry Comparisons 147

Has China Caught Up with the United States? 149

Measuring Productivity 150

The Savings Rate 154

Consumer Confidence 156

International Statistics 157

Summary 159

Case Study Questions 161

8 Wealth, Income, and Poverty 166

Data Sources 167

Wealth 167

Survey of Income and Program Participation 167

Indirect Estimates from Tax Records 167

Direct Counts 168

Income 168

Controversies 169

Wealth 169

Income 172

Are We Better Off? 177

Poverty 181

Summary 185

Case Study Questions 185

9 Labor Statistics 192

Data Sources 192

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 192

U.S. Census Bureau 193

Controversies 193

Unemployment 193

The Minimum Wage and Jobs 199

Unions 201

Is the Workplace Safe? 202

Squirrel Cage or Easier Times? 203

International Labor Statistics 204

Summary 206

Case Study Questions 207

10 Business Statistics 211

Data Sources 211

Public Corporations 212

Privately Held Corporations 213

Small Businesses 214

Aggregate Statistics 214

Controversies 214

Who Is the Biggest of Them All? 214

Are the Big Too Big? 217

Is Small Beautiful? 220

Were the Bailouts a Success? 223

How Much Profit? 224

How Now Dow? 225

Picking Stock Winners 226

Summary 227

Case Study Questions 227

11 Government 232

Data Sources 233

U.S. Budget 233

Military Spending 233

Money 233

Prices 234

Voting Data 234

Controversies 234

How Much for the Military? 234

How Much for Welfare? 236

How Big Is the Deficit? 237

A Debt Monster? 240

Taxes 241

Measuring Money 243

Inflation 246

Currency Rates 248

Fewer Voters? 251

Summary 253

Case Study Questions 253

12 Public Opinion Polling 257

Data Sources 257

Private Polling Organizations 257

Media Polls 258

Research Centers 258

Controversies 259

Sampling 260

Survey Design 262

Predicting Elections 269

Polling Standards 273

Summary 276

Case Study Questions 277

13 Conclusions 283

Poor/Missing Data 283

Improved Data 284

Conflicting Definitions 285

Comparing Apples and Oranges 286

Comparing Apples and Orangutans 288

The Mathematics of Social Science Statistics 289

The Reporting of Controversies 291

Biased Analysis: Slanting the Numbers 293

What's a Researcher to Do? 294

Index 297

About the Authors 309

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