The Dawn of Universal History: Selected Essays from a Witness to the Twentieth Century / Edition 1

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Overview

In this collection of newly translated essays, philosopher and sociologist Raymond Aron chronicles the twentieth century with the authority of an active participant. Combining objectivity with incisive questioning, Aron's reading of movements and people reminds us of what was really at stake. Whether charting the rise of Fascism and Marxism and their respective descents into totalitarianism, or the United States's role as the world's last remaining superpower, Aron was a nondogmatic thinker who emphasized realism over any devotion to theory. The result is history that is less concerned about where it falls on the political spectrum than about getting it right.

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What People Are Saying

Paul L. Wachtel
"What a sequel [to Neurotic Styles] it is! ...the keeness of Shaapiro's observations and his virtuoso use of language as an analytical tool are, if anything, eeven more impressive."
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"A brilliant continuation of his classicNeurotic Styles. This work, which moves the frontiers of psychoanalytic and psychodynamic thinking forward...is packed with clinical wisdom, profound implications for a theory of pathology, and sharp, clarifying insights about complex behaviors."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780465004089
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • Publication date: 8/19/2003
  • Edition description: First Paperback Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 518
  • Product dimensions: 5.66 (w) x 8.48 (h) x 1.32 (d)

Meet the Author

One of the most important figures of French sociological commentary, Raymond Aron enjoyed a position of intellectual authority among his country's moderates and conservatives that rivaled Jean Paul Sartre's on the Left. His books include The Opium of the Intellectuals and Clausewitz: Philosopher of War. He died in 1983.

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Table of Contents

Introduction
Nations and Empires 1
From Sarajevo to Hiroshima 67
The Technological Surprise 69
The Dynamic of Total War 91
The Leninist Myth About Imperialism 115
War and the Total State 135
Necessity and Accidents 155
The Secular Religions 161
Democratic and Totalitarian States 163
The Future of Secular Religions 177
From Marxism to Stalinism 203
The Expansion of Stalinism 225
The Imperial Republic 243
Prologue: The Island-Continent 245
The United States and the International System 263
The End of Colonial Empires 405
What Empires Cost and What Profits They Bring 407
Indochina 419
The Algerian Tragedy 423
Algeria and the Republic 453
The Dawn of Universal History 461
Endnotes 487
Provenance of the Texts 502
Index 505
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