The Dead Sea Scrolls Today, rev. ed / Edition 2

The Dead Sea Scrolls Today, rev. ed / Edition 2

by James VanderKam
     
 

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ISBN-10: 080286435X

ISBN-13: 9780802864352

Pub. Date: 02/22/2010

Publisher: Eerdmans, William B. Publishing Company

The premier Dead Sea Scrolls guidebook for general readers ever since its original publications in 1994, James VanderKam's Dead Sea Scrolls Today won the Biblical Archaeology Society's Publication Award in 1995 for the Best Popular Book on Biblical Archaeology. In this expanded and updated edition the book will continue to illuminate the greatest archaeological

Overview

The premier Dead Sea Scrolls guidebook for general readers ever since its original publications in 1994, James VanderKam's Dead Sea Scrolls Today won the Biblical Archaeology Society's Publication Award in 1995 for the Best Popular Book on Biblical Archaeology. In this expanded and updated edition the book will continue to illuminate the greatest archaeological find in modern times.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780802864352
Publisher:
Eerdmans, William B. Publishing Company
Publication date:
02/22/2010
Pages:
276
Sales rank:
233,566
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition xii

Preface to the First Edition xiv

1 Discoveries 1

A Introduction 1

B The Qumran Discoveries 2

1 The First Cave 2

a The Seven Original Scrolls 2

b The Cave Itself 2

2 The Other Caves 13

3 The Ruins of Qumran 20

a The de Vaux Excavations and Interpretations 21

1 The Buildings 21

2 The Cemeteries 25

b Subsequent Studies and Interpretations 26

1 The Buildings 26

2 The Cemeteries 31

4 Methods for Dating the Discoveries 33

a Methods for Dating the Texts 33

1 Paleography 33

2 Accelerator Mass Spectrometry 35

3 Internal Allusions 39

b Methods for Dating the Other Archeological Remains 41

1 Carbon 14 41

2 Pottery 41

3 Coins 41

2 Survey of the Manuscripts 47

A Biblical Texts 47

1 Biblical Scrolls 48

2 Targums 50

3 Tefillin and Mezuzot 51

B Apocryphal and Pseudepigraphal Texts 52

1 Apocrypha 52

a Tobit 52

b Sirach (Ecclesiasticus or the Wisdom of Jesus ben Sira) 53

c Letter of Jeremiah (= Baruch 6) 54

d Psalm 151

2 Pseudepigrapha 54

a Enoch or 1 Enoch 55

b Jubilees 57

c Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs 58

d New Pseudepigrapha 60

C Other Texts 61

1 Commentaries on Biblical Material 62

a Continuous Commentaries 62

1 The Habakkuk Commentary (1QpHab) 64

2 The Nahum Commentary (4Q169) 67

3 The Commentary on Psalms (4Q171, 173) 69

b Thematic Commentaries 70

1 Florilegium (4Q174) 70

2 The Testimonia (4Q175) 70

3 The Melchizedek Text (nQMclch) 73

4 A Commentary on Genesis (4Q252) 74

2 Paraphrases 75

3 Legal Texts 75

a The Damascus Document 76

b The Rule of the Community 77

c The Temple Scroll 80

d Some of the Works of the Torah (4QMMT) 81

4 Writings for Worship 83

a The Cycle of Worship 83

1 Liturgical Texts 84

2 Calendrical Texts 85

b Poetic Compositions 86

1 The Thanksgiving Hymns 86

2 Other Poems 87

5 Eschatological Works 88

a The War Rule 88

b Texts about the New Jerusalem 90

6 Wisdom Texts 90

a 4Q184 Wiles of the Wicked Woman 91

b 4Q185 Sapiential Work 91

c Instruction 91

7 The Copper Scroll (3Q15) 92

8 Documentary Texts 93

3 The Identification of the Qumran Group 97

A The Case for the Essene Hypothesis 97

1 The Evidence from Pliny the Elder 97

2 The Contents of the Qumran Texts and Essene Beliefs and Practices 101

a Theology 102

1 Determinism 102

2 The Afterlife 105

b Practice 107

1 Nonuse of Oil 108

2 Property 108

3 The Pure Meal 111

4 Bodily Functions 112

5 Spitting 113

B Problems With the Essene Hypothesis 114

1 Entry Procedures 114

2 Marriage 116

3 The Name Essene 118

C Other Theories 119

1 Sadducees 119

2 Jerusalem Origins 122

4 The Qumran Essenes 127

A A Sketch of the Qumran Group's History 127

1 The Pre-Qumran Period 128

2 The Qumran Period 133

a Phase I 133

b Phase II 136

B A Sketch of Qumran Thought and Practice 137

1 Predeterminism 137

2 The Two Ways 138

3 The Community of the New Covenant 139

4 Scriptural Interpretation 141

a The Latter Days 141

b Special Laws 141

c The Universe 142

5 Worship 144

6 The End and the Messiahs 145

C The Qumran Essenes and Their Place in Judaism 147

5 The Scrolls and the Old Testament 157

A The Text of the Hebrew Bible/ Old Testament 157

1 The Period of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament 158

2 The Pre-Qumran Textual Witnesses 159

a The Masoretic Text 159

b The Septuagint 160

c The Samaritan Pentateuch 161

3 Qumran Contributions 162

a The Great Isaiah Scroll 162

b Qumran Agreements with the Septuagint against the Masoretic Text 163

1 Minor Examples 163

2 Major Examples 164

a Jeremiah 164

b Samuel 166

c An Unusual Case 167

d Theories about Textual Development 168

1 A Theory of Local Texts 168

2 A Theory of Textual Plurality and Variety 169

3 Successive Literary Editions 171

B New Information About the History of Some Texts 171

1 The Book of Psalms 172

2 Daniel 4 176

C A Canon of Scripture 178

1 Evidence outside Qumran 178

a The Prologue to Sirach (the Wisdom of Jesus ben Sira) 179

b 2 Mace 2:13-15 181

c Philo, On the Contemplative Life 25 182

d Luke 24:44 182

e Matt 23:35 183

f 4 Ezra 14:23-48 184

g Josephus, Against Apion 1.37-43 185

2 Evidence from Qumran 186

a Criteria

b Authoritative Books 188

1 Books Quoted as Authorities 188

2 Other Authoritative Books 190

a Jubilees 191

b 1 Enoch 192

c The Temple Scroll 193

6 The Scrolls and the New Testament 197

A Introduction 197

B Similarities Between the Scrolls and the New Testament 201

1 Language and Text 201

a Language 201

1 The Many 202

2 The Guardian 203

3 Other Examples 203

b Text 204

1 New Testament Papyri in Cave 7? 204

2 Qumran Words and Phrases in the New Testament 204

3 The Sermon on the Mount 205

2 Characters 206

a John the Baptist 206

b Others 209

3 Practices 210

a Shared Property 210

b The Meal 211

c Calendar 214

4 Eschatology 215

a Messianism 215

b Biblical Interpretation 219

c Teachings 222

C Conclusions 224

7 Controversies about the Dead Sea Scrolls 227

A Editing and Publishing the Scrolls 227

B Events Since 1989 233

Postscript 243

Index 249*******************

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