The Death of Reconstruction: Race, Labor, and Politics in the Post-Civil War North, 1865-1901

The Death of Reconstruction: Race, Labor, and Politics in the Post-Civil War North, 1865-1901

by Heather Cox Richardson
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0674013662

ISBN-13: 9780674013667

Pub. Date: 03/01/2004

Publisher: Harvard

Historians overwhelmingly have blamed the demise of Reconstruction on Southerners' persistent racism. Heather Cox Richardson argues instead that class, along with race, was critical to Reconstruction's end. Northern support for freed blacks and Reconstruction weakened in the wake of growing critiques of the economy and calls for a redistribution of wealth.

Using

Overview

Historians overwhelmingly have blamed the demise of Reconstruction on Southerners' persistent racism. Heather Cox Richardson argues instead that class, along with race, was critical to Reconstruction's end. Northern support for freed blacks and Reconstruction weakened in the wake of growing critiques of the economy and calls for a redistribution of wealth.

Using newspapers, public speeches, popular tracts, Congressional reports, and private correspondence, Richardson traces the changing Northern attitudes toward African-Americans from the Republicans' idealized image of black workers in 1861 through the 1901 publication of Booker T. Washington's Up from Slavery. She examines such issues as black suffrage, disenfranchisement, taxation, westward migration, lynching, and civil rights to detect the trajectory of Northern disenchantment with Reconstruction. She reveals a growing backlash from Northerners against those who believed that inequalities should be addressed through working-class action, and the emergence of an American middle class that championed individual productivity and saw African-Americans as a threat to their prosperity.

The Death of Reconstruction offers a new perspective on American race and labor and demonstrates the importance of class in the post-Civil War struggle to integrate African-Americans into a progressive and prospering nation.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674013667
Publisher:
Harvard
Publication date:
03/01/2004
Pages:
336
Sales rank:
1,272,239
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Preface

Prologue: The View from Atlanta, 1895

1. The Northern Postwar Vision, 1865-4867

2. The Mixed Blessing of Universal Suffrage, 1867-1870

3. Black Workers and the South Carolina Government, 1871-1875

4. Civil Rights and the Growth of the National Government, 1870-1883

5. The Black Exodus from the South, 1879-1880

6. The Un-American Negro, 1880-1900

Epilogue: Booker T. Washington Rises Up from Slavery, 1901

Notes

Index

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