The Developing Human Brain: Growth and Adversities

Overview

Clinics in Developmental Medicine

? Well over 200 illustrations, many in colour
? Co-authored by two experts in neuropathology and neuroimaging
? Takes a quantitative approach to brain growth in weight, gyrus formation, myelination, and spectroscopy of the developing brain.
? The only book in this field to include chapters in angiogenesis, fetal behaviour, and reactions to chronic illness.

This book is about human brain development, focusing on the last half of gestation and the...

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Overview

Clinics in Developmental Medicine

• Well over 200 illustrations, many in colour
• Co-authored by two experts in neuropathology and neuroimaging
• Takes a quantitative approach to brain growth in weight, gyrus formation, myelination, and spectroscopy of the developing brain.
• The only book in this field to include chapters in angiogenesis, fetal behaviour, and reactions to chronic illness.

This book is about human brain development, focusing on the last half of gestation and the neonatal and infant periods. These periods bring the greatest risk for the acquisition of childhood functional neurologic deficits, including cerebral palsy, developmental delay and intellectual disability. Section 1 covers typical development, including growth in brain weight, ventricular surfaces, gyral development, myelinated tract development, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and angiogenesis, all serving as reference points for section 2, which deals with common acquired brain abnormalities, some of which are often underemphasized or overlooked. The topics in section 2 include retrocerebellar cysts, abnormal events in fetal brain, white-matter abnormalities, lesions of gray and white matter, hemorrhage, ventriculomegaly and hydrocephalus, late expressions of fetal brain disease, and reactions of the developing brain to chronic disease. Between sections 1 and 2 is a chapter on embryonic and fetal physiologic reactions to external stimuli. Where appropriate, the authors have combined pathologic with neuroimaging examples to help the reader better understand the neuroimages that they encounter.

Much of the information in the book is based on data from the National Collaborative Perinatal Project, still the only large autopsy survey of late fetal brain lesions.

Readership
Developmental neurobiologists, neuroscientists, paediatricians, neuropathologists, pediatric neuroradiologists, pediatric neurologists, neonatologists, perinatologists.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Jay P. Goldsmith, MD (Tulane University School of Medicine)
Description: Coauthored by a neuropathologist and a pediatric neuroradiologist, this book reviews the development of the human brain and potential adverse events of the second half of gestation with a focus on the most common events which result in childhood neurologic deficits such as cerebral palsy.
Purpose: The purpose is to review brain development, both normal and abnormal, by reviewing embryology, anatomic, and radiologic comparisons, in order to help clarify the etiology of neonatal and childhood neurologic abnormalities. These are worthy objectives, but the authors are limited by the lack of recent autopsy data and the lack of pathologic and imaging clinical correlation studies. The book meets its objectives by relying rather heavily on older studies such as the National Collaborative Perinatal Project database and some of the newer work with magnetic resonance imaging.
Audience: The book is aimed at pediatric neurologists, neonatologists, brain researchers, and advanced fellows in these fields. The subject is, for the most part, too advanced for most students and residents. Both authors are internationally known experts in their respective fields.
Features: The first part of the book covers normal brain development, highlighting certain areas of interest to neurologists such as germinal tissue and growth of white matter. Probably the best chapter is a review of developing brain imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy, which is a very readable and understandable summary of this rapidly developing field. The second part reviews common forms of abnormal brain development such as white matter abnormalities and ventriculomegaly. A highlight of this part is the discussion of brain reactions to chronic childhood diseases.
Assessment: This is a very unique book, one of many in the Clinics in Developmental Medicine series. Physicians and researchers who are looking for etiologies of childhood neurologic disorders with find it thought-provoking.
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Acknowledgments viii

1 Introduction 1

Section 1 11

2 Brain Growth 13

3 Fetal Ventricular Size, Surfaces, and Appendages 28

4 Germinal Tissue (Subventricular Zone) 48

5 Surface Configuration-Gyral Pattern Development 65

6 Myelinated Tracts: Growth Patterns 94

7 Developing Brain Imaging and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy 152

8 Angiogenesis 179

Section 2 201

9 Developmental Human Fetal Reactions: Avoid, Squint, Scowl, Sneer, and Pucker 203

10 Blake's Pouch and Retrocerebellar Cysts: Posterior Fossa Cysts 219

11 Developmental Central Nervous System Aberration 238

12 Cerebral White Matter Abnormalities 253

13 Late Fetal and Perinatal Brain Vascular Abnormalities and Necroses 285

14 Fetal and Neonatal Intracranial Hemorrhage 328

15 Ventriculomegaly, Large Head, Megalencephaly, And Hydrocephalus 348

16 Developing Brain Reactions During Chronic Childhood Disease 380

17 Concluding Remarks 385

Index 389

Color Plate Section Follows 400

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