Gary L. Fitzpatrick has worked in map libraries for more than seventeen years. He studied geography at the undergraduate level at UCLA and library science in a graduate program at the Catholic University of America. Mr. Fitzpatrick is currently Senior Reference Librarian in the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress. A two year assignment to Honolulu while in the U. S. Army sparked an interest in Hawai'i and the Pacific that has resulted in lectures, articles, a bibliography, and exhibits concerning the historical cartography of Hawai'i and the Pacific Basin. Mr. Fitzpatrick is also coauthor of two reference books concerning worldwide distances.
The Early Mapping of Hawaii: Palapala'ainaby Gary L. Fitzpatrick, Riley M. Moffat
This volume traces the story of the mapping of Hawai'i
The cartographic history of Hawai'i began with the arrival of Captain James Cook, the famous explorer and chartmaker, in 1778. Between then and the mid-19th century, visitors to Hawai'i produced a rich assortment of charts and maps depicting the shores, harbors, towns, and volcanoes of the various islands.
This volume traces the story of the mapping of Hawai'i during the pivotal years in which the indigenous society was radically transformed by the peoples and ideas imported from the West. Foreigners introduced the concept of mapmaking to Hawai'i, and they made maps of the islands to satisfy the needs of maritime commerce, missionary endeavors, and scientific investigations.
Nearly seventy maps, complemented by more than twenty views, portraits, and illustrations, are reproduced here. Included are many charts and harbor plans produced by such famous figures of naval history as James Cook, William Bligh, George Vancouver, Otto von Kotzebue, Urey Lisiansky, Jean Francois de la Perouse, Louis Duperrey, and Charles Wilkes. These richly reproduced charts document the early geography of Honolulu, Lahaina, Hilo, and Kailua - the most important urban areas of modern Hawai'i - as well as many other bays and harbors in the islands.
A major segment of The Early Mapping of Hawai'i examines the contributions of American missionaries in the field of mapping. Mostly produced at the seminary school at Lahainaluna, Maui, these maps introduced geographical education into the Hawaiian school system. The missionaries and their Hawaiian students also produced a landmark map of the islands in 1838, one of the most significant maps in Hawaiian history.
Hawaiian volcanoes have been themajor laboratory for the study of volcanism for nearly 150 years. Reproduced in this volume are the earliest general and detailed maps of Kilauea, Mauna Loa, Haleakala, and the vestiges of volcanic features on O'ahu.
Mr. Fitzpatrick examines the historic maps of Hawai'i from several perspectives. He discusses the people who made them, explains the collaborative process of making charts, interprets what the maps show, and relates the early maps to the documents which they accompanied. The mapping of Hawai'i is shown to be an interesting and revealing part of the history of Hawai'i.
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