Obesity, which has increased in most developed countries in the past few decades, is the result of genetics, environment, and individual choices. Economics is useful for studying the individual choices that lead to obesity, explanations for the recent rise in obesity, the treatment options for obesity, and the costs and consequences of obesity for the individual and society.
The papers in this volume, devoted to the economics of obesity, illustrate the wide usefulness of the economic approach. The papers in the first section propose and test economic explanations for food-consumption choices and obesity. In particular, they assess the impact of food quality, access to fast food, food prices, legislation, and other factors on diet, physical activity, and body weight.
Treatments for obesity, specifically bariatric surgery and anti-obesity drugs, are studied in the second section of this volume. The third section is devoted to the labor market impacts of obesity; evidence from fifteen countries is presented and evaluated. The fourth and final section calculates the impact of obesity on hospital costs and examines the externalities imposed by obesity through health insurance.
Taken together, the papers in this volume advance the frontier of knowledge about the causes, implications, and consequences of obesity, and validate the usefulness of the economic approach for studying obesity in particular and medical conditions more generally.
*Studies obesity from an economic perspective
*Proposes economic explanation for food consumption choices, treatment of obesity, and treatment of the condition
*International in scope - provides evidence from 15countries
Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.88 (d)
Table of Contents
List of Contributors ix
Introduction to the Economics of Obesity xvii
Predicting Obesity and Related Behaviours
Endogenous Food Quality and Bodyweight Trend Liqun Liu Andrew J. Rettenmaier Thomas R. Saving 3
Access to Fast Food and Food Prices: Relationship with Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Overweight Among Adolescents Lisa M. Powell M. Christopher Auld Frank J. Chaloupka Patrick M. O'Malley Lloyd D. Johnston 23
A Behavioral Model of Cyclical Dieting Steven M. Suranovic Robert S. Goldfarb 49
Effects of Title IX and Sports Participation on Girls' Physical Activity and Weight Robert Kaestner Xin Xu 79
Obesity and Diabetes: The Roles that Prices and Policies Play Inas Rashad 113
Treatments for Obesity
Advances in Bariatric Surgery for Obesity: Laparoscopic Surgery William E. Encinosa Didem M. Bernard Claudia A. Steiner 131
One Pill Makes You Smaller: The Demand for Anti-Obesity Drugs John Cawley John A. Rizzo 149
Labor Market Impacts of Obesity
Obesity, Employment and Wages in Europe Jaume Garcia Climent Quintana-Domeque 187
Obesity and Occupational Attainment Among the 50+ of Europe Petter Lundborg Kristian Bolin Soren Hojgard Bjorn Lindgren 219
Gender, Body Mass, and Socioeconomic Status: New Evidence from the PSID Dalton Conley Rebecca Glauber 253
Other Costs and Consequences of Obesity
Health Insurance and the Obesity Externality Jay Bhattacharya Neeraj Sood 279
Obesity, Hospital Services Use and Costs Nana Bro Folmann Kristine Skovgaard Bossen Ingrid Willaing Jan Sorensen John Sahl Andersen Steen Ladelund Torben Jorgensen 319
How Much Does Obesity Matter? Results from the 2001 Canadian Community Health Survey William MacMinn James McIntosh Caroline Yung 333