The Elements of Social Scientific Thinking / Edition 8

The Elements of Social Scientific Thinking / Edition 8

by Kenneth R. Hoover, Todd Donovan
     
 

ISBN-10: 0534614116

ISBN-13: 9780534614119

Pub. Date: 07/21/2003

Publisher: Cengage Learning

This introduction to social scientific reasoning offers an interdisciplinary approach to the material and assumes no previous background in statistics. The basic concepts, vocabulary, objectives, and methodologies are all explained. Appendices present two recent examples of social scientific writing. The authors teach political science at Western Washington

Overview

This introduction to social scientific reasoning offers an interdisciplinary approach to the material and assumes no previous background in statistics. The basic concepts, vocabulary, objectives, and methodologies are all explained. Appendices present two recent examples of social scientific writing. The authors teach political science at Western Washington University. Annotation ©2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780534614119
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
07/21/2003
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
5.40(w) x 8.30(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface v

About the Authors ix

1 Thinking Scientifically 1

Why Bother to Be Systematic? 4

The Role of Reasoned judgment and Opinion 5

The Role of Imagination, Intuition, and Custom 6

2 The Elements of Science 11

The Origin and Utility of Concepts 12

What Is a Variable? 15

The Hypothesis 24

The Scientific Method 27

The Many Roles of Theory 29

3 Strategies 38

Thinking Over the Problem 40

Reality Testing 46

Understanding the Results 50

4 Refinements 58

Hypotheses 59

Variables 73

5 Measuring Variables and Relationships 78

Measuring Variables: Levels of Measurement 79

Measuring the Significance and Representativeness of Data: Probability, Sampling, and Problems in Polling 84

Measuring Relationships Between Variables: Association and Correlation 92

Computers and Statistics 113

6 Reflections: Back to the Roots 118

Factuality, Reality, and Actuality 119

Morality and the Limits of Science 122

Of Scientists, Science, and Paradigms 127

Making Social Science Serve Human Needs 129

The Radicalism of Science 132

Science and Politics 133

Appendix A Tuning In, Tuning Out: The Strange Disappearance of Social Capital in America 138

Appendix B Trust in Government: The United States in Comparative Perspective 167

Index 192

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