The Elements of Style: An Encyclopedia of Domestic Architectural Detail

Overview

Praise for previous editions:
One of the most borrowed books in our library.
—This Old house

A dizzying amount of detailed pictorial information ... clearly and fascinatingly captioned.
—World of Interiors

The Elements of Style is the most comprehensive visual survey, period by period, feature by feature, of the key styles in American and ...

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Overview

Praise for previous editions:
One of the most borrowed books in our library.
—This Old house

A dizzying amount of detailed pictorial information ... clearly and fascinatingly captioned.
—World of Interiors

The Elements of Style is the most comprehensive visual survey, period by period, feature by feature, of the key styles in American and British domestic architecture from the Tudor period to present day. A valuable reference guide, the book is designed for owners of period houses, restorers, architects, interior designers and all those interested in our architectural heritage. This revised edition includes a fully updated chapter covering the Contemporary era (1975—present) and a new list of suppliers and resources.

More than 3,000 analytical drawings and historical engravings, 500 color and 1,000 black-and-white photographs provide a clearly presented guide to the features appropriate for every part of a building. Major components, such as doors, windows, walls, floors, ceilings and staircases, the small but important embellishments, such as molding and door hardware, and permanent or semi-permanent fixtures, such as lighting and wallcoverings, populate this wide-ranging encyclopedic resource.

A system of color-coded tabs enables the reader to compare specific features as they have evolved over time. Additional information on restoration and maintenance, biographies of key architects, and a detailed glossary are included.

Periods covered:
Tudor and Jacobean (1485-1625)
Baroque (1625-1714)
Early Georgian (1714-1765)
Colonial (1607-1780)
Late Georgian (1765-1811)
Regency and Early 19th Century (1811-1837)

Federal and Empire (1780-1850)
British Victorian (1837-1901)
American Victorian (1840-1910)
Arts and Crafts (1860-1925)
Art Nouveau (1888-1905)
Edwardian (1901-1914)
American Beaux Arts (1870-1920)
Twenties and Thirties
The Modern Movement (1920-1950)
Beyond Modern (1950-1975)
Contemporary Era (1975-present)

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Editorial Reviews

This Old House
[Review for previous edition] One of the most borrowed books in our library... Not sure which light fixtures complement a Craftsman? You'll find out here.
Choice
Singular in its presentation, scope, and comprehensiveness.... a staple for any university library with an architecture or interior design department. Recommended.
Fine Homebuilding
[Review for previous edition] Recommended title by the staff of Fine Homebuilding, Special Anniversary edition
Globe and Mail
[Review for previous edition] A welcome addition to the coffee tables or libraries of professional designers, architecture buffs and, for that matter, anyone who has even a passing interest in how homes have evolved over the centuries.
Western Roofing
[Review for previous edition] An indispensable tool for architects, designers, historians, or indeed anyone interested in residential design and the history of domestic architecture... Domestic architectural detail can inspire with beauty and grace.
Choice - R.T. Clement
[Review for previous edition] An outstanding and economical single-volume resource... Summing Up Highly recommended.
Globe and Mail - Jane Gadd
[Review for previous edition] Visual feast of domestic architectural styles... It is truly a scholarly work, but also an accessible one that can be enjoyed by anyone who appreciates beautiful design or is intrigued by the domestic lives of past generations... extraordinary detail.
Style at Home - Jenn Houlihan
[Review for previous edition] A perfect gift for the architecture junkie in your life... color-coded tabs for quick reference to 500 years of architectural details and styles with illustrations and photographs.
Arlington Heights Daily Herald - Deborah Donovan
[Review for previous edition] Great for someone restoring a period home because it tells what fits a certain style and what doesn't... would give someone planning a home a lot of looks and styles to consider.
Montreal Gazette - Cheryl Cornacchia
[Review for previous edition] Essentially a reference volume, but a pleasurable one to read... every page is peppered with color photographs, line drawings and black-and-white archival images that bring the architectural elements to life.
Toronto Star - Peggy Mackenzie
[Review for previous edition] No detail is overlooked... A necessary reference work for those interested in residential architectural history. It's pleasurable eye candy for everyone else.
Choice
Singular in its presentation, scope, and comprehensiveness.... a staple for any university library with an architecture or interior design department. Recommended.
Library Journal
Calloway (curator of prints, Victoria and Albert Museum), assisted by a dozen other style experts from both sides of the Atlantic, addresses the concerns of amateur and professional preservationists with the new edition of this guide to period styles in Great Britain and the United States from the Renaissance to the present. Each chapter begins with a concise overview of a period style (e.g., Colonial, Baroque, Edwardian Beaux Arts) and is followed by pages teeming with illustrations of representative doors, windows, fireplaces, and other structural/decorative elements. The stylistic analyses are sometimes questionable-e.g., Wright's Robie House as Art Nouveau?-but generally succeed in capturing each period in lively and penetrating detail. Reviews of the first two editions acclaimed Elements as an exhaustive, brilliantly illustrated handbook and this new edition differs but slightly from the earlier two. Its directories of British and North American suppliers are updated and the coverage of post-1920 Modernism, the weakest and most problematic subject in all three editions, has been revised and expanded. An excellent reference for libraries serving active historic preservationists, but other libraries owning earlier editions need not splurge.-David Solt sz, Cuyahoga Cty. P.L., Parma, OH Copyright 2005 Reed Business Information.
Arlington Heights Daily Herald
Great for someone restoring a period home because it tells what fits a certain style and what doesn't.
— Deborah Donovan
Montreal Gazette
Essentially a reference volume, but a pleasurable one to read... images that bring the architectural elements to life.
— Cheryl Cornacchia
Toronto Star
A necessary reference work for those interested in residential architectural history. It's pleasurable eye candy for everyone else.
— Peggy Mackenzie
Style at Home
A perfect gift for the architecture junkie in your life... quick reference to 500 years of architectural details and styles.
— Jenn Houlihan
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781770850866
  • Publisher: Firefly Books, Limited
  • Publication date: 6/19/2012
  • Edition description: Fourth Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 592
  • Sales rank: 401,647
  • Product dimensions: 9.00 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Stephen Calloway is Curator of Prints and Books at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, and author, lecturer and consultant on architecture, interior design and the history of taste. He has contributed to numerous periodicals, including The World of Interiors and Architectural Digest, and is the author of Twentieth-Century Design and Baroque Baroque.

Alan Powers is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Greenwich School of Architecture and Landscape, London. He is the author of several books on English architecture and decorative arts, including Living with Books, and is a regular contributor to Country Life and other magazines.

Elizabeth Cromley is Professor of Architecture at Northeastern University, Boston. She is the author of Alone Together: A History of New York's Early
Apartments
, and co-editor of a variety of essays and books on vernacular architecture.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Foreword by Stephen Calloway

How to Use This Book

A Note on Terminology


Tudor and Jacobean (1485-1625)

by Simon Thurley

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services


Baroque (1625-1714)

by Richard Hewlings

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork


Early Georgian (1714-1765)

by Stephen Calloway

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork


Colonial (1607-1780)

by William Macintire

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork
  • Woodwork


Late Georgian (1765-1811)

by Stephen Jones

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork


Regency and Early 19th Century (1811-1837)

by StephenCalloway

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork
  • Woodwork


Federal and Empire (1780-1850)

by Jonathan Poston

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork
  • Woodwork


British Victorian (1837-1901)

by Robin Wyatt

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Kitchen stoves
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork
  • Woodwork


American Victorian (1840-1910)

by Thomas Jayne

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Kitchen stoves
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork
  • Woodwork


Arts and Crafts (1860-1925)

by Stephen Jones

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork
  • Woodwork


Art Nouveau (1888-1905)

by Margaret Knight

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork


Edwardian (1901-1914)

by Robin Wyatt

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Kitchen stoves
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork
  • Woodwork


American Beaux Arts (1870-1920)

by David Reese

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Kitchen stoves
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork
  • Woodwork


Twenties and Thirties

by Margaret Knight

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Kitchen stoves
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork
  • Woodwork


The Modern Movement (1920-1950)

by Alan Powers

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Kitchen stoves
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Metalwork
  • Woodwork


Beyond Modern (1950-1975)

by Alan Powers

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Floors
  • Fireplaces
  • Kitchens
  • Staircases
  • Built-in furniture
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Woodwork and metalwork


Contemporary Era (1975-present day)

by Alan Powers

  • Introduction
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Surface Treatments
  • Fireplaces
  • Kitchens
  • Staircases
  • Storage Systems
  • Services
  • Lighting
  • Woodwork and metalwork


British Vernacular

by Anthony Quiney


American Vernacular

by Elizabeth Cromley


Restoration and Maintenance

by Peter Sutton


Biographies

by Valerie Clack


Glossary


Directory of Suppliers

  • British
  • North American


Bibliography

Acknowledgments

Index

Read More Show Less

Preface

Foreword

"For a man's house is his castle:, wrote Sir Edward Coke at the beginning of the 17th century. The phrase has become a cornerstone of the way we think and live. Yet, by a stroke of historic irony, the great lawyer's memorable line was penned at the very time when Inigo Jones was building the first modern house in England, the Queen's House at Greenwich — that precocious expression of polite taste and perfect monument to a new domestic ideal. From this date on people cared for their houses not merely as strongholds of safety and domestic wealth: they loved them for their architecture. Today we are heirs to a legacy of fine building and to a continuing fascination with the details and stylistic elements which give our houses their character. In Britain, and in the United States too, that interest in old houses has become something of a national obsession. The desire to know and understand the history of our homes has never been stronger. We are, perhaps more than ever before, aware of the crucial importance of our great architectural traditions and the central position they occupy in what we have come to call our heritage.

At the heart of this concept of heritage lies our idealized image of the period house, which, great or small, ostentatious or plain, has come to epitomize so many of our notions of civilization. The study of the architectural evolution of the country house in England and the United States, and of urban and village building, has a long and distinguished history. But in recent years, academic interest in the planning, stylistic development and detailing of historic houses has increasingly become linked with the more passionate and practical enthusiasms of the conservation movement. As a result, the houses we live in have become a major concern — the subject of both a large body of scholarly and investigative endeavor and often intense public discussion and debate.

One of the foremost defenders of traditional values in design and workmanship, the Prince of Wales, has repeatedly stressed the influential role which fine architecture can play in our everyday existence. As the protagonist of a humane architecture based on human scale and sound techniques and materials, he has championed the idea that good building is not only an index of civilization, but also an important contributory factor in the quality of life which we enjoy.

Today, those who value the best of the old in our heritage are convinced of its relevance to the new. But there is, it has to be said, a great deal that must be learned or re-learned. In recent decades more modern tendencies have prevailed, and we have come perilously close to losing much of the rich vocabulary and even the grammar which gave our architectural language in previous ages its subtlety and fluent charm. What we need now is a return to visual literacy, an understanding of all the elements and details of the house as they have changed through five centuries. To promote such an understanding, which alone can be the only proper basis for conservation, restoration and sensitive design, is one of the main aims of this book.

We have sought to create within the compass of a single volume a practical sourcebook for all those who care about our heritage of domestic architecture in Britain and the United States. The vast body of illustrative material that has been drawn together here includes specially commissioned photographs of houses, reproductions of engraved plates from the key architectural publications of each period, and drawings based on a wide variety of archival material, including old photographs and measured drawings (often of buildings now demolished), rare prints and builders' pattern books. The images used to illustrate each chapter have been selected by the individual authors, each of whom has made a particular study of his or her period. For each chapter the chief aim has been to show the development of standard forms but also to illustrate some of the influential high-points of architectural achievement and something of the variety that has always characterized domestic buildings.

Primarily, The Elements of Style, is intended as a visual and documentary resource for people concerned with the details of houses, whether as owners, conservators, architects, interior decorators or designers. For the student and the interested general reader the book can also be used as a way to trace the history of the British and American house. Between the practical approach and the academic there is no real division of interests: a chief desideratum in each case is sympathy for matters of detail, a belief in the importance of accuracy at the most meticulous level.

The overall plan of this book is a simple chronological one,
period by period, style by style. The main chapters deal with what we may define as polite architecture: that is, buildings which aim, with whatever degree of success, at observing the architectural rules and at being fashionable, or in later periods buildings which conform to nationally prevalent types. Houses which fall outside this rather general definition — modest country dwellings, traditional structural types in use over a long period, and distinct regional variations on standard forms — are dealt with separately in chapters devoted to vernacular building. British vernacular is treated separately from the end of the Tudor period: before then the two strands have been combined, for the distinctions between vernacular and polite in that era are so blurred as to be misleading, even meaningless. Under American vernacular, the coverage is of rustic and regional features from Colonial times to the mid-l9th century. Inevitably these chapters are highly selective: given the multiplicity of localized styles, this book can do no more than illustrate some of the highlights of vernacular domestic architecture.

Similarly, although Britain and the United States are treated separately in the first half of the book, the chapters on Arts and Crafts, Art Nouveau, the Twenties and Thirties, and the Modern and Beyond Modern styles combine material from both sides of the Atlantic, in order to emphasize the close connections that exist in an age of international influences. This approach has brought about some interesting juxtapositions, such as the work of Charles Rennie Mackintosh in Glasgow and the early houses of Frank Lloyd Wright in the United States.

The Elements of Style is nor a book about great architects: although inevitably their names and works appear among these pages, their stories are told elsewhere, and the interested reader will have no difficulty in tracking down more information.
Nor is it a study of grand houses to the exclusion of the more modest. We have chosen to place the greatest emphasis on that category which the 18th-century architect and his builder called the "good middling sort of house"; for in such houses we may discern much of the genius of each age and in full measure those qualities which the first architectural writer in English, Sir Henry Wotton, required of all fine building: "Firmness, Commodity and Delight".

Stephen Calloway

Read More Show Less

Introduction

Foreword

"For a man's house is his castle:, wrote Sir Edward Coke at the beginning of the 17th century. The phrase has become a cornerstone of the way we think and live. Yet, by a stroke of historic irony, the great lawyer's memorable line was penned at the very time when Inigo Jones was building the first modern house in England, the Queen's House at Greenwich -- that precocious expression of polite taste and perfect monument to a new domestic ideal. From this date on people cared for their houses not merely as strongholds of safety and domestic wealth: they loved them for their architecture. Today we are heirs to a legacy of fine building and to a continuing fascination with the details and stylistic elements which give our houses their character. In Britain, and in the United States too, that interest in old houses has become something of a national obsession. The desire to know and understand the history of our homes has never been stronger. We are, perhaps more than ever before, aware of the crucial importance of our great architectural traditions and the central position they occupy in what we have come to call our heritage.

At the heart of this concept of heritage lies our idealized image of the period house, which, great or small, ostentatious or plain, has come to epitomize so many of our notions of civilization. The study of the architectural evolution of the country house in England and the United States, and of urban and village building, has a long and distinguished history. But in recent years, academic interest in the planning, stylistic development and detailing of historic houses has increasingly become linked with the more passionate and practicalenthusiasms of the conservation movement. As a result, the houses we live in have become a major concern -- the subject of both a large body of scholarly and investigative endeavor and often intense public discussion and debate.

One of the foremost defenders of traditional values in design and workmanship, the Prince of Wales, has repeatedly stressed the influential role which fine architecture can play in our everyday existence. As the protagonist of a humane architecture based on human scale and sound techniques and materials, he has championed the idea that good building is not only an index of civilization, but also an important contributory factor in the quality of life which we enjoy.

Today, those who value the best of the old in our heritage are convinced of its relevance to the new. But there is, it has to be said, a great deal that must be learned or re-learned. In recent decades more modern tendencies have prevailed, and we have come perilously close to losing much of the rich vocabulary and even the grammar which gave our architectural language in previous ages its subtlety and fluent charm. What we need now is a return to visual literacy, an understanding of all the elements and details of the house as they have changed through five centuries. To promote such an understanding, which alone can be the only proper basis for conservation, restoration and sensitive design, is one of the main aims of this book.

We have sought to create within the compass of a single volume a practical sourcebook for all those who care about our heritage of domestic architecture in Britain and the United States. The vast body of illustrative material that has been drawn together here includes specially commissioned photographs of houses, reproductions of engraved plates from the key architectural publications of each period, and drawings based on a wide variety of archival material, including old photographs and measured drawings (often of buildings now demolished), rare prints and builders' pattern books. The images used to illustrate each chapter have been selected by the individual authors, each of whom has made a particular study of his or her period. For each chapter the chief aim has been to show the development of standard forms but also to illustrate some of the influential high-points of architectural achievement and something of the variety that has always characterized domestic buildings.

Primarily, The Elements of Style, is intended as a visual and documentary resource for people concerned with the details of houses, whether as owners, conservators, architects, interior decorators or designers. For the student and the interested general reader the book can also be used as a way to trace the history of the British and American house. Between the practical approach and the academic there is no real division of interests: a chief desideratum in each case is sympathy for matters of detail, a belief in the importance of accuracy at the most meticulous level.

The overall plan of this book is a simple chronological one, period by period, style by style. The main chapters deal with what we may define as polite architecture: that is, buildings which aim, with whatever degree of success, at observing the architectural rules and at being fashionable, or in later periods buildings which conform to nationally prevalent types. Houses which fall outside this rather general definition -- modest country dwellings, traditional structural types in use over a long period, and distinct regional variations on standard forms -- are dealt with separately in chapters devoted to vernacular building. British vernacular is treated separately from the end of the Tudor period: before then the two strands have been combined, for the distinctions between vernacular and polite in that era are so blurred as to be misleading, even meaningless. Under American vernacular, the coverage is of rustic and regional features from Colonial times to the mid-l9th century. Inevitably these chapters are highly selective: given the multiplicity of localized styles, this book can do no more than illustrate some of the highlights of vernacular domestic architecture.

Similarly, although Britain and the United States are treated separately in the first half of the book, the chapters on Arts and Crafts, Art Nouveau, the Twenties and Thirties, and the Modern and Beyond Modern styles combine material from both sides of the Atlantic, in order to emphasize the close connections that exist in an age of international influences. This approach has brought about some interesting juxtapositions, such as the work of Charles Rennie Mackintosh in Glasgow and the early houses of Frank Lloyd Wright in the United States.

The Elements of Style is nor a book about great architects: although inevitably their names and works appear among these pages, their stories are told elsewhere, and the interested reader will have no difficulty in tracking down more information. Nor is it a study of grand houses to the exclusion of the more modest. We have chosen to place the greatest emphasis on that category which the 18th-century architect and his builder called the "good middling sort of house"; for in such houses we may discern much of the genius of each age and in full measure those qualities which the first architectural writer in English, Sir Henry Wotton, required of all fine building: "Firmness, Commodity and Delight".

Stephen Calloway

Read More Show Less

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