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The plan, implemented in 1862, proves a failure, mostly because of the man charged with carrying it out: Gen. John Pope. Pope's defeat is the story of the Second Manassas campaign. While Pope's demise gives new life to the Confederacy and emboldens Robert E. Lee to invade Maryland, Lincoln remains convinced that a strategy of total war represents the North's best chance for victory. In 1864–1865, Generals Ulysses S. Grant and William T. Sherman will prove him right. A vivid account of how Civil War campaigns foreshadowed total war.
The summer of 1862 shines as one of the bright moments in the history of the Confederacy. The Rebels had taken a pounding in the West that spring. Bloody Shiloh, the capture of New Orleans, the loss of Memphis, and the hasty evacuation of Northern Mississippi had shocked soldiers and civilians from one end of the Confederacy to the other. With General George B. McClellan moving up the peninsula toward Richmond. Abraham Lincoln hope to deliver the knockout punch by ordering General John Pope to invade central Virginia. Together, Lincoln and Pope would implement a primitive version of what would later be called "total war."
1. A New Strategy 13
3. Jackson and Pope at Cedar Mountain 33
4. Lee's Counterattack 50
5. Manassas, Again 65
6.End of the Miscreant 77
Appendix A: Battle of Cedar Mountain Confederate and Union Forces 92
Appendix B: Battle of Second Manassas Confederate and Union Forces 99
Further Reading 120