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The Enclave Economy: Foreign Investment and Sustainable Development in Mexico's Silicon Valley

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Foreign investment has been widely perceived as a panacea for developing countries-as a way to reduce poverty and jump-start sustainable modern industries. In The Enclave Economy Kevin Gallagher and Lyuba Zarsky call this prescription into question, showing that Mexico's post-NAFTA experience of foreign direct investment in its information technology sector, particularly in the Guadalajara region, did not result in the expected benefits. Charting the rise and fall of Mexico's "Silicon Valley," they explore issues...
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Overview

Foreign investment has been widely perceived as a panacea for developing countries-as a way to reduce poverty and jump-start sustainable modern industries. In The Enclave Economy Kevin Gallagher and Lyuba Zarsky call this prescription into question, showing that Mexico's post-NAFTA experience of foreign direct investment in its information technology sector, particularly in the Guadalajara region, did not result in the expected benefits. Charting the rise and fall of Mexico's "Silicon Valley," they explore issues that resonate through much of Latin America and the developing world: the social, economic, and environmental effects of market-driven globalization.

In the 1990s, Mexico was a "poster child" for globalization, throwing open its borders to trade and foreign investment, embracing NAFTA, and ending the government's role in strengthening domestic industry. But The Enclave Economy shows that although Mexico was initially successful in attracting multinational corporations, foreign investment waned in the absence of active government support and because China became increasingly competitive. More-over, foreign investment created an "enclave economy," the benefits of which were confined to an international sector not connected to the wider Mexican economy. In fact, foreign investment put many local IT firms out of business and transferred only limited amounts of environmentally sound technology. Gallagher and Zarsky suggest policies and strategies that will enable Mexico and other developing countries to foster foreign investment for sustainable development in the future.

About the Author:
Kevin P. Gallagher is Assistant Professor of International Relations atBoston University and Senior Researcher at the Global Development and Environment Institute at Tufts University

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What People Are Saying

From the Publisher
"Mexico was the ninth biggest economy in the world and the greatest recipient of foreign direct investment (FDI) in Latin America in 2007. Why has FDI failed to transfer technology, develop cleaner production processes, form human capital, and offer high quality employment specifically in the IT industry in such a country? This book provides excellent reflections on these issues as well as on the inadequate public policies behind these frustrating results. A very valuable contribution to the search for a new, successful economic development strategy for Mexico and other developing countries." Claudia Schatan, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico City, and author of Maquiladoras and the Environment in Mexico
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262072854
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 9/30/2007
  • Series: Urban and Industrial Environments
  • Pages: 224
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.43 (d)

Meet the Author

Kevin P. Gallagher is Assistant Professor of International Relations at Boston University and Senior Researcher at the Global Development and Environment Institute at Tufts University. He is the author of Free Trade and the Environment: Mexico, NAFTA, and Beyond and other books.

Lyuba Zarsky is Associate Professor of International Environmental Policy at the Monterey Institute for International Studies and Senior Research Fellow at the Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University. She is a contributing editor of Investment for Sustainable Development: Balancing Rights and Rewards.

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Table of Contents


Introduction     1
The Promise of FDI for Sustainable Development     13
The Emergence of Mexico's Enclave Economy     43
Globally Networked, Environmentally Challenged: A Profile of the IT Industry     71
Wired for Sustainable Development? IT and Late Industrialization     99
Mexico's Bid for a Place in the Global IT Industry     121
Silicon Dreams, Mexican Reality     139
Importing Environmentalism?     159
Beyond the Enclave Economy     177
Notes     193
Bibliography     197
Series List     209
Index     211
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