Debate over the meaning of 'Enlightenment' began in the eighteenth century and has continued unabated until our own times. This period saw the emergence of arguments on the nature of man, truth, the place of God, and the international circulation of ideas, people and gold. In the second edition of her book, Dorinda Outram studies the Enlightenment as a global phenomenon, comparing it against the period's broader social changes. The new edition also features a new introduction and chapter on slavery, and the bibliography and short biographies have been extended.
Dorinda Outram is Professor of History at the University of Rochester. Her previous publications include Uneasy Careers and Intimate Lives: Women in Science, 1789–1979 (1987) and The Body and the French Revolution: Sex Class and Political Culture (1989).
List of illustrations; Chronology; 1. What is Enlightenment?; 2. Coffee houses and consumers: the social context of Enlightenment; 3. Enlightenment and government: new departure or business as usual?; 4. Exploration, cross-cultural contact, and the ambivalence of the Enlightenment; 5. When people are property: the problem of slavery in the Enlightenment; 6. Enlightenment thinking about gender; 7. Science and the Enlightenment: God's order and man's understanding; 8. The rise of modern paganism? Religion and the Enlightenment; 9. The end of the Enlightenment: conspiracy and revolution?; Brief biographies; Suggestions for further reading; Index.