The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy, Ecology, Economics / Edition 1

The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy, Ecology, Economics / Edition 1

by Donald VanDeVeer, Christine Pierce, Christine Pierce
     
 

Consisting of an assortment of landmark essays and the best in contemporary scholarship, this anthology delves deeply into the most pressing environmental issues of our times. Articles included in this anthology are distinguished for their relevance to real-life policy making and for their ability to promote rich and lively discussion about controversial matters.

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Overview

Consisting of an assortment of landmark essays and the best in contemporary scholarship, this anthology delves deeply into the most pressing environmental issues of our times. Articles included in this anthology are distinguished for their relevance to real-life policy making and for their ability to promote rich and lively discussion about controversial matters. In addition, the editors' careful organization of the topics and illuminating section previews keep students focused on the most essential points of current environmental debates.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780534210304
Publisher:
Wadsworth
Publication date:
09/28/1993
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
649
Product dimensions:
7.57(w) x 9.56(h) x 1.20(d)

Meet the Author

Donald VanDeVeer, Ph.D., University of Chicago, is a Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at North Carolina State University. In addition to books on environmental ethics, he has also published works on health care ethics, public policy, and paternalistic intervention.

Christine Pierce, Ph.D., Syracuse University, is an ethicist and feminist theorist. Her work includes projects on environmental ethics, gender, individualism, communitarianism, and feminist ethics. Other scholarship includes an ongoing defense of rational ethical principles in light of postmodernism and other skepticisms.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Edition
Introduction
Prologue: World Scientists' Warning to Humanity
IAn Introduction to Ethical Theory1
1.1Distinguishing Moral and Empirical Claims1
1.2Justification, Explanation, Prediction, and Description5
1.3Moral Argument: The Interplay of Moral and Empirical Claims7
1.4Harm and Benefit11
1.5Evaluating Ethical Theories14
2.1From Ethical Egoism to Social Darwinism16
2.2The Divine Command Theory18
2.3Rights Theories20
2.4Utilitarianism24
2.5Utilitarianism and Economic Theory27
2.6Natural Law Theory30
2.7The Influence of Kant33
2.8Environmental Justice34
2.9The Idea of a Unique Environmental Ethic37
IIWestern Religious and Cultural Perspectives43
3Preview43
4The Historic Roots of Our Ecologic Crisis52
5For God So Loved the World58
6Judaism and the Environment62
7Stewardship versus Exploitation66
8The World as God's Body71
9Of God and Pelicans89
10Everyone Needs a Stone: Alternative Views of Nature99
11Traditional Ecological Knowledge109
12Why Bad Things Have Happened to Good Creatures111
IIIThe Other Animals114
13Preview114
14Good Natured - The Origins of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animals122
15Animal Liberation135
16The Case for Animal Rights143
17Interspecific Justice150
18The Prospects for Consensus and Convergence in the Animal Rights Debate163
19The Little Things That Run the World169
20Sidelight: Parachuting Cats and Interconnectedness172
IVConstructing and Environmental Ethic174
21Preview174
22On Being Morally Considerable183
23Should Trees Have Standing? - Toward Legal Rights for Natural Objects189
24The Ethics of Respect for Nature201
25The Land Ethic215
26The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic224
27Marine Environmental Ethics238
28Integration or Reduction: Two Approaches to Environmental Values240
29Preview259
30Deep Ecology263
31Self-Realization: An Ecological Approach to Being in the World268
32Will Ecology Become "The Dismal Science?"273
33Sidelight: Do What's Natural, You Say?277
34Preview279
35The Power and Promise of Ecological Feminism282
36Development, Ecology, and Women296
37How Feminist Is Ecofeminism?303
VEconomics, Ethics, and Ecology311
38Preview311
39The Ethical Basis of the Economic View of the Environment318
40At the Shrine of Our Lady of Fatima, or Why Political Questions Are Not All Economic327
41Preview336
42Cost-Benefit Analysis: An Ethical Critique341
43Cost-Benefit Analysis Defended347
44Sidelight: Cost-Benefit Analysis: Tool for All Seasons?350
45Earth in the Balance Sheet352
46Preview359
47The Tragedy of the Commons364
48The Tragedy of Enclosure373
49The Creation of Property374
50Property Rights in Natural Resources377
51Takings, Just Compensation, and the Environment378
52Preview389
53An Essay on the Principle of Population397
54Sidelight: If Earth Could Speak401
55Lifeboat Ethics402
56Can the Supply of Natural Resources Really Be Infinite? Yes!408
57Population, Poverty and the Local Environment414
58Preview419
59Future Generations428
60Sidelight: The Nuclear Train to the Future, Richard (Routley) Sylvan and Val (Routley) Plumwood436
61Sustainability: An Economist's Perspective438
62Sustainability443
VIEnvironmental Problems and Policies451
63Preview451
64The Diversity of Life459
65What Is a Species?465
66Why Do Species Matter?469
67Why Species Matter476
68Preview484
69A Plant's-Eye View of the World491
70Patenting Life496
71Brute-Force Genetic Engineering498
72Genes in the Food!502
73Nature as the Measure for a Sustainable Agriculture508
74What's in the Meat516
75Preview519
76Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique521
77Tropical Forests and Their Species: Going, Going ...?529
78The Mismanagement of the National Forests534
79Forest Service Policy543
80Preview546
81Environment Racism550
82Consumption and the Environment555
83Consumption as a Theme in the North-South Dialogue556
84The Chainsaws of Greed: The Case of Pacific Lumber559
85Why Shouldn't Corporations Be Socially Responsible?571
86"I Am No Greenpeacer, But ..." or Environmentalism, Risk Communication, and the Lower Middle Class575
87Preview587
88Silent Spring595
89The Case That the World Has Reached Limits598
90The Climate-Change Debacle: The Perils of Politicizing Science607
91A Response615
92Climate Change Science620
93Sidelight: Let's Transform the Military622
VIIVarieties of Activism625
94Preview625
95Strategic Monkeywrenching628
96The Sea Shepherds: Bringing Justice to the High Seas632
97An Apologia for Activism: Global Responsibility, Ethical Advocacy, and Environmental Problems634
98Involuntary Simplicity: Changing Dysfunctional Habits of Consumption643
99Sidelight: A Resistance Movement of One's Own648
VIIILearning and Research Tools650
100Glossary650
101Time Chart656
102Internet and Other Environmental Resources657
103Bibliography659

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