The Environmental Policy Paradox / Edition 3

The Environmental Policy Paradox / Edition 3

by Zachary A. Smith
     
 

ISBN-10: 0130851469

ISBN-13: 9780130851468

Pub. Date: 08/24/1999

Publisher: Pearson Education

No other book combines ecology, law, politics, and environmental science in a way designed to inform the reader as to how it all fits together. This book, clearly and engagingly written, makes the complex and often confusing concepts of environmental policy making easy to understand. This book provides a basic understanding of environmental topics and our current

Overview

No other book combines ecology, law, politics, and environmental science in a way designed to inform the reader as to how it all fits together. This book, clearly and engagingly written, makes the complex and often confusing concepts of environmental policy making easy to understand. This book provides a basic understanding of environmental topics and our current policy-making process, discussing the ecosystem, public awareness, governmental regulations, as well as air and water pollution, energy, toxic wastes, land management issues, and international environmental issues. For those employed in the environmental, land management, urban planning, public policy, and hazardous materials fields.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780130851468
Publisher:
Pearson Education
Publication date:
08/24/1999
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
284
Product dimensions:
6.04(w) x 8.99(h) x 0.57(d)

Table of Contents

PREFACE
About the Author...........................................
Part One: The Policy-Making Process
Chapter 1: Ecosystem Interdependence
The Steady State
Common Pool Resources
Summary
Notes
Chapter 2:Changing Cultural and Social Beliefs: From Conservation to Environmentalism
DOMINANT SOCIAL PARADIGM
Economics and Growth
The Role of Religion
Science and Technology: Our Views of Nature
Toward Better Science Policy
HISTORY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENT
Dominance
Early Awakening
Early Conservationist
Later Conservationist
The Reawakening
Complacency
The Little Reagan Revolution
Post-Reagan Resurgence
INTEREST GROUPS
PUBLIC OPINION AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Demographics
Environmental Discourse
Survivalism
Prometheans
Administrative Rationalism
Democratic Pragmatism
Economic Rationalism
Sustainable Development
Ecological Modernization
Green Romanticism
Green Rationalism
SUMMARY
NOTES
Chapter 3: The Regulatory Environment
THE REGULATORY CONTEXT
Science and Risk Analysis
Cost-Benefit Analysis
The Role of Government
Approaches to Regulation
Fundamentals of Environmental Law
SUMMARY
Chapter 4: The Political and Institutional SettingThe Institutional Setting Formal Institutions Informal Institutions Institutional Biases
Incrementalism
Decentralization
Ideological Bias
Short-Term Bias
Private Nature of Public Policy-Making
Crisis and ReformsThePolitical Setting
Pluralism
The Regulators
SUMMARY
NOTES
Part Two: Environmental Policy.............................
Chapter 5: Air
Sources
Health Effects
Motor Vehicles
Air Pollution: Law, Regulations, and Enforcement
Regulatory InnovationsRegulatory Issues
Toxic Air Pollution
Acid Rain
Stratospheric Ozone
The Greenhouse Effect (Global Warming)
SUMMARY
NOTES
Chapter 6: Water
Sources
Non-point Sources of Pollution
Groundwater Pollution
Health Effects of Water Pollution
Water Law and Regulation
Clean Water Act
Safe Drinking Water Act
Criticisms of Water Pollution Policy
The Paradox in Water Pollution Policy
SUMMARY
NOTES
Chapter 7: Energy
HISTORY OF ENERGY
Industrial Revolution
Oil and War
Role of Personal Consumption
OPEC and the Oil Crises
Development of Nuclear PowerDevelopment of a National Energy Policy
NONRENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
Coal
Oil
Natural Gas
Geothermal Energy
Nuclear Power
RENEWABLE ENERGY
Hydropower
Solar Power
Wind Power
Biomass
CONSERVATION AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY: SOME SUGGESTIONS FOR THE FUTURE
Conservation in Homes and Buildings
Conservation in Transportation
Conservation in IndustryObstacles to Conservation
AN ECOLOGICAL CONCLUSION
SUMMARY
NOTES
Chapter 8: Toxic and Hazardous Waste
SOLID WASTE
What Is Solid Waste?
Scope of the Problem
Disposal Methods
Regulations
Solutions
HAZARDOUS WASTES
Nature of the Problem
Disposal Methods
Federal Regulations
Regulatory Problems
The Policy Paradox in Hazardous Waste Management
SUMMARY
NOTES
Chapter 9: Land Management Issues
Local Land Use Planning
Types of Land-Use Planning
Urban Planning
Smart Growth
Soil Erosion
Farmland Conversion
Desertification
FEDERAL LAND MANAGEMENT
Multiple-Use
Recreation
Fee Demonstration Project
Fire Management
Roadless Areas
WILDERNESS
History
Proposed Wilderness and Wilderness Study Areas
National Park Service Management
Endangered Species
Ecosystem Management
SUMMARY
NOTES
Chapter 10: International Environmental Issues
Population and Food Production
Desertification and Food Production
GLOBAL POLLUTION
The Ozone Layer
The Greenhouse
Deforestation
Ocean Pollution
Less Developed Countries: North vs. South
International Conflict
SUMmARY
NOTES
Chapter 11: International Environmental Management
International Environmentalism
Alternative Political Systems
Market-Based Economies
Collective Ownership Systems
Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union
China
International Environmental Management
Common Pool Resources
Creation of an IGO
Economic Globalization and the Second Industrial Revolution
International Regulatory Efforts
Controlling Oceanic Pollution
Atmospheric Conventions
Hazardous Waste Control at the International Level
Protection of Endangered and Threatened Species
Trends in the International Regulatory Process
SUMMARY
NOTES
Conclusion
NOTES
Appendix A How We Study Public Policy — Theoretical Approaches
Appendix B The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, as Amended
Index

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