The Era of the Thirty Years’ War, 1618-1648by S.R. Gardiner
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The Era of the Thirty Years’ War, 1618-1648 by Samuel Rawson Gardiner a.k.a. S.R. Gardiner, Late Student of Christ Church, author of ‘History of England from the Accession of James I. to the Disgrace of Justice Coke’ and ‘Prince Charles and the Spanish Marriage’; Epochs of History edited by Edward E. Morris, M.A.
CH1. Causes of the Thirty Years’ War.
1. Political Institutions of Germany.
2. Protestantism in Germany.
3. Reaction against Protestantism.
4. Three Parties and Three Leaders.
CH2. The Bohemian Revolution.
1. The House of Austria and its Subjects.
2. The Revolution at Prague.
3. The War in Bohemia.
4. Ferdinand on his Defence.
CH3. Imperialist Victories in Bohemia and the Palatinate.
1. The Attack upon Frederick.
2. The War in the Upper Palatinate.
3. Frederick’s Allies.
4. The Fight for the Lower Palatinate.
CH4. Mansfeld and Christian in North Germany.
1. Mansfeld’s March into the Netherlands.
2. Christian of Brunswick in Lower Saxony.
3. Danger of the Lower Saxon Circle.
4. England and France.
5. Rise of Richelieu.
CH5. Intervention of the King of Denmark.
1. Christian IV. and Gustavus Adolphus.
2. English Diplomacy.
3. Wallenstein’s Armament.
4. Defeat of Mansfeld and Christian IV.
CH6. Stralsund and Rochelle.
1. Fresh Successes of Wallenstein.
2. Resistance to Wallenstein in the Empire.
3. The Siege of Stralsund.
4. The Siege of Rochelle.
CH7. The Edict of Restitution.
1. Oppression of the Protestants.
2. French Intervention in Italy.
3. Wallenstein deprived of his Command.
4. The Swedes establish themselves on the Coast of the Baltic.
5. The Fall of Magdeburg.
CH8. The Victories of Gustavus Adolphus.
1. Alliance between the Swedes and the Saxons.
2. The Battle of Breitenfeld.
3. March of Gustavus into South Germany.
4. Wallenstein’s Restoration to Command.
5. The Struggle between Gustavus and Wallenstein.
6. The Battle of Lützen.
CH9. The Death of Wallenstein and the Treaty of Prague.
1. French Influence in Germany.
2. Wallenstein’s Attempt to dictate Peace.
3. Resistance to Wallenstein’s Plans.
4. Assassination of Wallenstein.
5. Imperialist Victories and the Treaty of Prague.
CH10. The Preponderance of France.
1. Open Intervention of France.
2. Spanish Successes.
3. The Struggle for Alsace.
4. French Successes.
5. Aims and Character of Richelieu.
6. More French Victories.
CH11. The End of the War.
1. Turenne’s Strategy.
2. The Treaty of Westphalia.
3. Condition of Germany.
4. Continuance of the War between France and Spain.
If the present work should appear to be written for more advanced students than those for whom most if not all the other books of the series are designed, the nature of the subject must be pleaded in excuse. The mere fact that it relates exclusively to Continental history makes it unlikely that junior pupils would approach it in any shape, and it is probably impossible to make the very complicated relations between the German states and other European nations interesting to those who are for the first time, or almost the first time, attempting to acquire historical knowledge. Every history, to be a history, must have a unity of its own, and here we have no unity of national life such as that which is reflected in the institutions of England and France, not even the unity of a great race of sovereigns handing down the traditions of government from one generation to another. The unity of the subject which I have chosen must be sought in the growth of the principle of religious toleration as it is adopted or repelled by the institutions under which Germany and France, the two principal nations with which we are concerned, are living. Thus the history of the period may be compared to a gigantic dissolving view. As we enter upon it our minds are filled with German men and things.
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