The European Reformations Sourcebook


This revised and expanded volume brings together a carefully-selected collection of primary sources drawn from medieval and sixteenth-century texts. Notable for its comprehensive coverage, it consolidates a broad range of important documents, which until now, have been scattered through numerous volumes of primary materials.

  • An invaluable collection of primary sources, edited by a renowned reformations scholar, which brings together ...
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This revised and expanded volume brings together a carefully-selected collection of primary sources drawn from medieval and sixteenth-century texts. Notable for its comprehensive coverage, it consolidates a broad range of important documents, which until now, have been scattered through numerous volumes of primary materials.

  • An invaluable collection of primary sources, edited by a renowned reformations scholar, which brings together significant and illuminating documents from this influential period
  • Revised and updated to include catechetical writings by Luther and Calvin, and increased analysis of their theological writings, as well as coverage of women reformers such as Caritas Pirckheimer, Katharina Schütz-Zell, and Olimpia Morata
  • Includes a broad range of documents spanning major theological writings through to confessions, political grievances, and writings drawn from tracts, poems, and satires
  • Features observer accounts of events and debates that lucidly depict the personalities of the reformers, offering students their first direct engagement with participants in the European reformations
  • Creates an ideal accompaniment to Lindberg’s The European Reformations, 2nd edition, or can be used alongside any text on the European reformations for a complete learning guide
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"[This collection] effectively introduces students to the fundamental issues of the Reformation as well as the tenor of the times and the course of the events surrounding the outbreak of the greatest reform movement in Christian history. [It provides] a rich vein of material to be mined by those who are catching a glimpse of Reformation thought for the first time, and...can serve to deepen understanding of the breadth and depth of the period for those in a second level course. Every university, college and seminary library must have [this volume]. [It provides] a helpful introduction to the thought and the context of thinking in the sixteenth century." Religious Studies Review
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470673287
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/27/2014
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 296
  • Sales rank: 570,384
  • Product dimensions: 6.50 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Carter Lindberg is Professor of Church History at Boston University. His recent publications include The European Reformations (Blackwell Publishers, 1996), with Emily Hanwalt Through the Eye of the Needle: Judaeo-Christian Contributions to Social Welfare (1994), and Beyond Charity: Reformation Initiatives for the Poor (1993).

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Table of Contents

Part I: The Late Middle Ages:.

1. Petrarch on the Plague.

2. Jean de Venette: Chronicle.

3. Social Tensions: The Reformation of the Emperor Sigismund (c.1438).

4. The Crisis of Values: 'Reynard the Fox' (1498).

5. Jakob Wimpfeling (1450-1528): The Origins of Printing from Epitome rerum Germanicarum (1505).

6. Sebastian Brant (1457-1521): The Ship of Fools.

7.'The Piper of Niklashausen, 'A Report of his Preaching (1476).

8. Jacob Wimpfeling: Grievances of the German Nation (1515).

9. Boniface VIII: Unam Sanctam (1302).

10. Pope Clement VI: Unigenitus Dei Filius (27 January 1343).

11. Pope Sixtus IV: Salvator noster (3 August 1476).

12. Marsilius of Padua: Defensor Pacis (1324).

13. Conciliarism: Opinion of the University of Paris (1393).

14. Pierre D'Ailly: Conciliar Principles (1409).

15. The Council of Constance: Haec sancta (6 May 1415) and Frequens (9 October 1417).

16. Pope Pius II: Execrabilis (18 January 1460).

17. Pope Leo X: Pastor Aeternus (16 March 1516).

18. John Wycliffe (c. 1330-1384): 'On Indulgences'.

19. John Hus (c. 1372-1415): The Treatise on the Church.

20. Nicholas of Lyra (d. 1349): Interpretation of the Bible.

21. Gabriel Biel (d.1495): 'Doing What is in One'.

22. Johannes Tauler, O. P.(c. 1300-1361): Sermons.

23. Theologia Deutsch (late 14th or early 15th century).

24. Ludolf of Saxony (d. 1371): Vita Jesu Christi.

25. Gerard Zerbolt (1367-1398): The Spiritual Ascents.

26. Thomas a Kempis (d. 1471): The Imitation of Christ.

27. Johannes von Staupitz: Sermon Extracts (1516).

28. Francois Rabelais (c. 1483-1553): On Education.

29. Lorenzo Valla (1407-1457): The Falsely Believed and Forged Donation of Constantine.

30. Desiderius Erasmus (c. 1469-1536): Praise of Folly (1509).

31. Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523): Letters from Obscure Men (1515).

Part II: The Dawn of a New Era:.

32. Martin Luther: Recollections of Becoming a Monk.

33. Luther's Conversion.

34. Luther's Theological Emphases.

35. Luther: 'Disputation Against Scholastic Theology' (4 September 1517).

36.'Official Catalogue' of Relics in the Wittenberg Castle Church.

37. Archbishop Albert of Mainz (d. 1545): The Commission of Indulgences.

38. Tetzel: A Sample Sermon.

39. A Contemporary Description of Indulgence Selling.

40. 'The Robbing of Tetzel'.

41. Luther: 'The Ninety-five Theses' (31 October 1517).

42. Prierias: Dialogue Against the Arrogant Theses of Martin Luther on the Power of the Pope (1518).

43. Luther's Hearing before Cardinal Cajetan at Augsburg (1518).

44. Georg Spalatin (1484-1545): Recollections of Frederick the Wise on Luther.

45. Pope Leo X: 'Exsurge domine' (15 June 1520).

46. Luther: To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation Concerning the Reform of the Christian Estate (18 August 1520).

47. Luther: The Babylonian Captivity of the Church (6 October 1520).

48. Luther: The Freedom of a Christian (early November 1520).

49. A Papal Nuncio's Reports from the Diet of Worms.

50. Luther before Emperor and Empire.

51. Charles V: Message to his Council (19 April 1521).

52. The Edict of Worms (26 May 1521).

53. Albrecht Durer: Rumors of Luther's Capture.

Part III: Implementation of Reforms:.

54. Thomas More (1478-1535) to Martin Dorp (21 October 1515).

55. Erasmus: Paraclesis (1516).

56. Luther: 'On Translating: An Open Letter' (1530).

57. Luther: A Brief Instruction on What to Look For and Expect in the Gospels (1521).

58. J'oumlrg V'oumlgeli (c.1484-1563): Letter to Konrad Zwick (30 July 1523).

59. Philipp Melanchthon (1497-1560): 'On Improving the Studies of Youth'.

60. Melanchthon: 'Theses Against Scholastic Theology' (3 August 1520).

61. Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt (c. 1480-1541).

62. Karlstadt: The Meaning of the Term 'Gelassen' and Where in Holy Scripture It is Found (1523).

63. Karlstadt: Exposition of Numbers 30 which speaks of vows (1522).

64. Luther: The Judgment of Martin Luther on Monastic Vows (1521).

65. Luther: The Estate of Marriage (1522).

66. Karlstadt: On the Abolition of Images and That There Should Be No Beggars Among Christians (27 January 1522).

67. The Wittenberg Movement: Report of the University to Elector Frederick (20 October 1521).

68. Nicholas Hausmann (c. 1478-1538): A Report Concerning the Zwickau Prophets (1521).

69. Melanchthon: Report to Frederick on the Situation in Wittenberg (27 December 1521).

70. Luther: Letter to Elector Frederick (5 March 1522).

71. Luther: The Invocavit Sermons (9 March 1522).

72. Luther: Against the Heavenly Prophets (1525).

73. Karlstadt: Several Main Points of Christian Teaching Regarding Which Dr. Luther Brings Andreas Carlstadt Under Suspicion Through False Accusation and Slander (1525).

Part IV: Social Welfare and Education: .

74. Canon Law: Lindberg 1993.

75. Johann Geiler of Kaysersberg (1445-1510): 'Concerning Begging'.

76. The Nuremberg Begging Order of 1478.

77. Luther: "Foreword" to Mathias Hütlin's 'The Book of Vagabonds'.

78. Luther: The Blessed Sacrament of the Holy and True Body of Christ and the Brotherhoods (1519).

79. Anonymous: 'What is Loan-Interest Other than Usury?'(1522).

80. Luther: Trade and Usury (1524).

81. Luther: 'That Clergy Should Preach Against Usury' (1540).

82. Social Welfare Legislation: The City of Wittenberg (1522).

83. Social Welfare Legislation: Leisnig (1523).

84. A Conversation concerning the Common Chest of Schwabach, Namely by Brother Heinrich, Knecht Ruprecht, Spuler, and Their Master of the Wool Trade (1524).

85. Luther: To the Councilmen of All Cities in Germany that They Establish and Maintain Christian Schools (1524).

86. Luther: A Sermon on Keeping Children in School (1530).

Part V: The Reformation of the Common Man:.

87. Müntzer to Luther (13 July 1520).

88. Müntzer: Prague Manifesto (1521).

89. Müntzer to Melanchthon (29 March 1522).

90. Karlstadt: Whether One Should Proceed Slowly (November 1524).

91. Luther: Letter to the Christians at Strassburg in Opposition to the Fanatic Spirit (1524).

92. Luther: Letter to the Princes of Saxony Concerning the Rebellious Spirit (July 1524).

93. Müntzer to Frederick the Wise (3 August 1524).

94. Müntzer: Vindication and Refutation (1524).

95. Müntzer: Sermon to the Princes (13 July 1524).

96. The Twelve Articles of the Upper Swabian Peasants (1525).

97. Luther: Admonition to Peace. A Reply to the Twelve Articles of the Peasants in Swabia (1525).

98. Aspects of Müntzer's Military Campaign.

99. The Massacre of Weinsberg, 16 April 1525. Report of the Parson Johann Herolt.

100. Müntzer to the People of Allstedt (26 or 27 April 1525).

101. Müntzer's Revolutionary 'Ring of Iustice' in the Camp of the Frankenhausen Army.

102. Luther: Against the Robbing and Murdering Hordes of Peasants (1525).

103. Luther: An Open Letter on the Harsh Book Against the Peasants (1525).

104. The Account of Hans Hut (26 November 1527).

105. Johann Rühl, Mansfeld Councillor, to Martin Luther (21 and 26 May 1525).

106. Aftermath of the Peasants' War: Report of the Bernese Chronicler, Valerius Anshelm.

107. The Consequences of Luther's Stance during the Peasants' War: Hermann Mühlpfort, Mayor of Zwickau, to Stephan Roth at Wittenberg (4 June 1525).

Part VI: The Swiss Connection: Zwingli and the Reformation in Zurich.

108. Zwingli's Invitation to Zurich.

109. Mandate of the Zurich Mayor and Council for Scriptural Preaching (December 1520).

110. Heinrich Bullinger (1504-1575): Account of Zwingli's Preaching Against Mercenary Service in 1521.

111. The Affair of the Sausages.

112. Christopher Froschauer's Defence (April 1522).

113. Zwingli: Concerning Choice and Liberty Respecting Food - Concerning Offense and Vexation - Whether Anyone Has Power to Forbid Foods at Certain Times - Opinion of Huldreich Zwingli (16 April 1522).

114. Petition of Certain Preachers of Switzerland to the Most Reverend Lord Hugo, Bishop of Constance, That He Will Not Suffer Himself to be Persuaded to Make Any Proclamation to the Injury of the Gospel, Nor Endure Longer the Scandal of Harlotry, But Allow the Priests to Marry Wives or at Least Would Wink at Their Marriages (2 July 1522).

115. Ordinance for the Reform of the Great Minster (29 September 1523).

116. Zwingli: 'Short Christian Instruction' (17 November 1523).

117. Removal of Relics and Organs (June 1524).

118. The Council's Mandate for Church-going (10 August 1531).

119. Zwingli's View of Luther.

120. Zwingli: Of the Clarity and Certainty of the Word of God (6 September 1522).

121. Zwingli: The Sixty-Seven Articles (1523).

122. The First Zurich Disputation (23 January 1523).

123. The Fourth Lateran Council (1215).

124. The Second Council of Lyons (1274).

125. Karlstadt: 'Dialogue' on the Lord's Supper (1524).

126. Corneliszoon Hoen (d. 1524): 'A Most Christian Letter'.

127. Zwingli, 'Letter to Matthew Alber Concerning the Lord's Supper' (16 November 1524).

128. Zwingli, Friendly Exegesis, that is, Exposition of the Matter of the Eucharist, Addressed to Martin Luther by Huldrych Zwingli (February 1527).

129. Luther: Confession Concerning Christ's Supper (1528).

130. The Marburg Colloquy and Articles (1529).

Part VII: The Radical Reformations:.

131. Zwingli: Refutation of the Tricks of the Baptists (31 July 1527).

132. Anabaptism begins (7 February 1525).

133. The Second Zurich Disputation (26-28 October 1523).

134. Conrad Grebel and Companions to Muntzer (5 September 1524).

135. Mantz's Petition of Defense (December 1524).

136. Hubmaier to Oecolampadius on Baptism (16 January 1525).

137. The Zurich Council Orders Infant Baptism, and Silence (18 January 1525).

138. The Council Orders Anabaptists to be Drowned (7 March 1526).

139. Zwingli: Of Baptism (27 May 1525).

140. The Schleitheim Confession of Faith [Seven Articles] (1527).

141. The Banishment of Blaurock and Execution of Mantz.

142. The Trial and Martyrdom of Michael Sattler (1527).

143. Bernard Rothmann: A Confession of Faith and Life in the Church of Christ of Münster (1534).

144. The Twelve Elders of Münster: 'Thirteen Statements of the Order of Life' and 'A Code for Public Behavior' (mid-1534).

145. Appeal to Outsiders to Join the 'New Jerusalem' in Münster.

146. The Death of the 'Prophet' Jan Matthijs.

147. Communism in the City of Münster.

148. The Introduction of Polygamy in the City.

149. Bernhard Rothmann: A Restitution of Christian Teaching, Faith, and Life (October 1534).

150. Bernhard Rothmann: Concerning Revenge (December 1534).

151. The Capture, Torture, Confession, and Execution of Jan van Leiden.

Part VIII: Augsburg 1530 to Augsburg 1555: Reform and Politics: .

152. Reform Programme of the Bishop of Pomerania (1 January 1525).

153. The Speech from the Throne (25 June 1526).

154. The Declaration of the Cities (4 August 1526).

155. The Recess of the Diet (27 August 1526).

156. The Speech from the Throne (15 March 1529).

157. The Resolution of the Majority (7 April 1529).

158. The Resolution of the Minority (19-25 April 1529).

159. Cardinal Campeggio's Instructions to the Emperor (January 1530).

160. Dukes William IV and Louis X of Bavaria to the Theological Faculty of Ingolstadt University (13 February 1530).

161. Johannes Eck: '404 Articles' on the Errors of the Reformers (March 1530).

162. The Advice of Dr. Brück, Chancellor of Electoral Saxony (March 1530).

163. The Augsburg Confession (25 June 1530).

164. Cardinal Legate Campeggio's Response to the Augsburg Confession (July 1530).

165. Confutation of the Augsburg Confession (3 August 1530).

166. The Recess of the Diet of Augsburg (22 September 1530).

167. Judgment of the Saxon Jurists (October 1530).

168. Luther: Letter to Lazarus Spengler in Nuremberg (18 March 1531).

169. Luther: Dr. Martin Luther's Warning to his Dear German People (1531).

170. Luther: Disputation Concerning the Right to Resist the Emperor.

171. Nicholas Gallus, et al: A Confession of the Magdeburg Pastors Concerning Resistance to the Superior Magistrate (13 April 1550).

172. Peace of Augsburg (1555).

173. Charles V: Abdication Speech. Brussels (1556).

Part IX: The Genevan Reformation:.

174. John Calvin: Conversion and Development.

175. Nicolas Cop: Rector's Address to the University of Paris (1 November 1533).

176. Michel Roset: Chronicles of Geneva (1562).

177. Jeanne de Jussie: Calvinist Germs or the Beginning of Heresy in Geneva.

178. The Ecclesiastical Ordinances of 1541.

179. Francois de Bonivard: On the Ecclesiastical Polity of Geneva.

180. Calvin: Institutes of the Christian Religion.

181. Ordinances Concerning Church Polity in Geneva (17 December 1546).

182. The Consensus Tigurinus (1 August 1549).

183. A Letter from the Geneva Company of Pastors to the Swiss Churches on Jerome Bolsec (14 November 1551).

184. Servetus: Letter to Abel Poupin, Minister in Geneva (1547?).

185. The Trial of Michael Servetus (August 1553).

186. Servetus: Plea for Religious Liberty.

187. Servetus: Petition from Prison to the Geneva Council.

188. The Sentence of the Geneva Council (27 October 1553).

189. Castellio: Concerning Heretics.

Part X: The Reformation in France:.

190. Jacques Lefevre (c.1455-1536): Commentary on the Epistles of St. Paul (1512).

191. Lefevre: Preface to Latin Commentary on the Gospels (1522).

192. Lefevre: Letters to Farel (1524).

193. The Sorbonne Condemnation of Lefevre's 'Fifty-two Sundays' (1525).

194. Florimond de Raemond: Heresy at Meaux.

195. The Message of the Placards.

196. Letter to Geneva from Five Evangelical Students Imprisoned in Lyon (July 1552).

197. Letter from Nicolas des Gallars, Pastor in Paris, to his Genevan Colleagues (7 September 1557).

198. Calvin's Response to Des Gallars (16 September 1557).

199. Letter from the Company of Pastors to the Church in Paris (16 September 1557).

200. The French Confession of Faith (1559).

201. The Report of the Venetian Ambassador in France (1561).

202. Michel de L'Hôpital: Speech to the Estates-General of Orleans (13 December 1560).

203. Beza's Account of the Colloquy of Poissy (9 September - 18 October 1561).

204. St. Bartholomew's Eve (30 August 1572).

205. The Duke of Sully's Account of the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre.

206. The Murder of Henry, Third Duke of Guise, at Blois (23 December 1588).

207. Report of the Assassination of Henry III (1 August 1589).

208. Henry IV Ascends the Throne (September 1589).

209. Henry IV becomes a Catholic (August 1593).

210. The Pope's Pardon for Henry IV (September 1595).

211. The Edict of Nantes (13 April 1598).

Part XI: The Reformation in the Netherlands:.

212. Luther: A New Song Shall Here Be Begun (1523).

213. The Venetian Ambassador on Philip II (1559).

214. Philip II: The Edict of 1555.

215. The Belgic Confession of Faith (1561).

216. Pieter Titelmans, Inquisitor to Regent Margaret of Parma Kortrijk.

217. Description of 'Hedge-Preaching' given to Regent Margaret.

218. Philip Marnix on Mob Violence in the Netherlands (1567).

219.'Request' of the Nobles, Presented to Regent Margaret by Henry Brederode (5 April 1566).

220. 'The Request of Those of the New Religion to the Confederate Nobles.'

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