Everything Psychology Book: Explore the Human Psyche and Understand Why We Do the Things We Do

Everything Psychology Book: Explore the Human Psyche and Understand Why We Do the Things We Do

by Lynda L. Warwick
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1593370563

ISBN-13: 2901593370564

Pub. Date: 07/12/2004

Publisher: Adams Media

Have you ever wondered what your dreams mean or why certain smells bring back memories? The Everything Psychology Book provides the answers to these questions and more. Covering all aspects of the human psyche and unraveling the theories of the great psychoanalytical thinkers, such as Freud, Jung, and Adler, this easy-to-follow guide explains how the brain works and

Overview

Have you ever wondered what your dreams mean or why certain smells bring back memories? The Everything Psychology Book provides the answers to these questions and more. Covering all aspects of the human psyche and unraveling the theories of the great psychoanalytical thinkers, such as Freud, Jung, and Adler, this easy-to-follow guide explains how the brain works and how genetics and environment can affect an individual's thinking and behavior. Scientific information is followed by real-life examples to help you understand the principles that have shaped modern psychology. Cowritten by noted psychologist Lynda L. Warwick, Ph.D., The Everything Psychology Book walks you through the complexities. Exhaustively researched and filled with concise definitions of psychological jargon, The Everything Psychology Book is the one book you need to help you figure out if it's "all in the mind."

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2901593370564
Publisher:
Adams Media
Publication date:
07/12/2004
Series:
Everything Series
Edition description:
NE
Pages:
304

Table of Contents

Top Ten Reasons to Study Psychologyx
Introductionxi
1Psychology--Yesterday and Today1
What Is Psychology?2
Psychology in the Early Years6
Psychoanalysis7
Behaviorism8
Humanistic Psychology and Positive Psychology10
Cognitive Psychology11
Biological Psychology12
Culture, Ethnicity, and Diversity in Modern Psychology12
How to Become a Psychologist14
2How Psychologists Know What They Know15
Experiments--The Cornerstone of Psychology16
Observational Studies18
Case Histories and Interviews19
Self-Report Questionnaires and Surveys20
Psychological Tests21
The Essential Role of Statistics22
Ethics in Psychological Research24
3The Biology of Psychology27
Neurons and What They Do28
The Central Nervous System29
The Peripheral Nervous System30
The Endocrine System32
Genes and What They Do33
Gene Expression34
Evolution and Humans37
4Brain and Mind--What Makes Us Human39
Origins of the Human Brain40
The Forebrain's Structures and Functions41
The Cerebrum42
Traditional Approaches to Studying the Brain43
Neuroscience and Brain Imaging--The Modern Approach44
What Is Mind--Earlier Views46
What Is Mind--Views Based on Neuroscience47
5How We Experience Our World49
Sensation and Perception50
The Eyes and Visual Sensation51
Visual Perception54
The Ears and Auditory Sensation57
Auditory Perception59
Smell and Taste--The Chemical Senses60
The Skin Senses61
Kinesthesis and Equilibrium62
6Emotions--Feeling Up, Feeling Down63
Emotions Versus Motives64
The Physiology of Emotion66
The Brain's Role in Emotion67
Varieties of Emotions68
Explanations of Emotionality69
Aggressive Behavior70
Do We All Have the Same Emotions?73
7Motives--Why We Do the Things We Do75
Varieties of Motives76
The Brain's Role in Motivation76
The Physiology of Motivation78
The Hunger Motive80
Eating Disorders82
The Motive for Sex84
Sexual Orientation86
8Altered States of Consciousness87
Levels of Consciousness88
Sleep89
Sleep Disorders91
Why Do We Dream?92
Hypnosis and Its Uses93
Meditation95
Psychoactive Drugs and Their Effects95
Drug Abuse and Dependence97
9Conditioning and Learning99
Habituation--The Most Basic Form of Learning100
Conditioning101
Classical Conditioning101
Applications of Classical Conditioning103
Operant Conditioning104
Applications of Operant Conditioning106
Learning Through Observation and Imitation109
10How We Remember, Why We Forget111
Memory--An Overview112
Sensory Memory and Incoming Stimulation113
Short-Term Memory and Working Memory114
Long-Term Memories and How They Are Stored116
Explanations of Forgetting118
The Repression Debate121
Techniques for Improving Your Memory122
11Language and Communication125
Grammar and the Vocabulary of Language126
Phonetics and Phonology--The Sound System127
Morphology--The Formation of Words129
Syntax--How We Create Phrases and Sentences131
Semantics and Pragmatics--Meaning and Language in Social Contexts132
Gestures and Other Nonverbal Communication136
Can Other Animals Learn Human Language?137
12Thinking, Knowing, and Solving Problems139
The Cognitive Perspective140
Units of Knowledge141
Formal Reasoning143
Informal Reasoning144
Strategies in Problem Solving146
13Personality and Personality Tests149
What Is Personality?150
Heredity, Environment, and Personality151
Traits154
Psychodynamic Views156
Psychoanalytic Approach157
Humanistic Views159
Popular Personality Tests160
14Coping with Life's Difficulties and Achieving Well-Being163
Stressors and Stress164
How Stress Affects Physical Health167
How Stress Affects Mental Health169
Adjustment Disorders171
Job Burnout172
Better Ways of Coping with Stress174
Defense Mechanisms175
Positive Psychology and Subjective Well-Being176
15Disorders: When Thinking and Emotionality Go Awry177
What Is Abnormal?178
Anxiety Disorders181
Mood Disorders184
Schizophrenia187
Personality Disorders189
Causes of Mental Disorders191
16Psychotherapy and Other Approaches to Treatment195
Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Approaches196
Medical Approaches198
Humanistic Approaches202
Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches203
Group Therapy206
Helping Yourself208
17Social Cognition--Thinking about Yourself and Others211
Humans as Social Beings212
Beliefs and Attitudes213
Social Schemata and Scripts215
Forming Impressions216
Interpreting Others' Behavior--And Your Own218
Stereotyping and Prejudice220
18Social Interactions and Interpersonal Behavior223
The Person and the Situation224
Compliance226
Conformity and Peer Pressure227
Obedience228
Friendships and Romantic Relationships229
Altruism231
Aggression and Its Causes232
The Mentality of Groups233
19Human Development--Conception to Birth235
Genes, Gametes, and Conception236
The Embryonic Period238
The Fetal Period239
The Birth Process240
Maternal Health and Nutrition241
Maternal Diseases and Drug Use244
20Human Development--Infancy and Childhood247
Physical Growth248
Development of Motor Skills249
Cognitive Development--How Infants and Children Think250
Language Development--Part Prewired, Part Learned252
Developing a Sense of Self254
Social and Emotional Development256
21Human Development--Adolescence259
The Growth Spurt and Entrance into Puberty260
Cognitive Development--How Adolescents Think261
Developing a Sense of Identity263
Discovering Sexuality264
Teenage Pregnancy265
22Human Development--Adulthood, Aging, and Dying267
Physical Health268
Changes During Middle Adulthood269
Changes in Sexuality271
Cognitive Growth and Decline272
Retirement275
Death--The Final Stage in Development276
Appendix AGlossary of Psychological Terms277
Appendix BResources283
Index285

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