The Evolution of the Soul / Edition 1

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Overview

Human beings have evolved from animals, and animals from inanimate matter; but what has evolved is qualitatively different from the inanimate matter from which it began. Both humans and the higher animals have a mental life of sensation, thought, purpose, desire, and belief. Although these mental states in part cause, and are caused by, brain states, they are distinct from them. Richard Swinburne argues that we can only make sense of this interaction by supposing that mental states are states of a soul, a mental substance in interaction with the body. Although both have a rich mental life, human souls, unlike animal souls, are capable of logical thought, have moral beliefs, have free will, and have an internal structure (so that their beliefs and desires are formed largely by other beliefs and desires inhering in the soul). Professor Swinburne concludes that there is no full scientific explanation available for the evolution of the soul, and almost certainly there never will be.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"This book is useful (indeed 'necessary') for philosophers of religion, especially those interested in natural theology."--Religious Studies Review

"I do not know of a better or more persuasive statement of the case for dualist interactionism."--Nature

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780198236986
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 4/24/1997
  • Edition description: REVISED
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 376
  • Product dimensions: 8.44 (w) x 5.44 (h) x 0.83 (d)

Table of Contents

Prolegomenon to the Revised Edition
1 Introduction 1
2 Sensations 21
3 Sensations and Brain-Events 45
4 Thoughts 62
5 Purposes 85
6 Desires 103
7 Beliefs 122
8 Body and Soul 145
9 The Evidence of Personal Identity 161
10 The Origin and Life of the Soul 174
11 Language, Rationality, and Choice 203
12 Moral Awareness 220
13 The Freedom of the Will 231
14 The Structure of the Soul 262
15 The Future of the Soul 298
New App. A Supervenience, Constitution, and Realization 313
New App. B Language of Thought, Connectionism, and Folk Psychology 318
New App. C The Modal Argument for Substance Dualism 322
New App. D The Nature of Souls; Their Thisness 333
New App. E More on Quantum Theory and the Brain 345
New App. F Godel's Theorem and Free Will 351
New App. G Libet's Experiments 354
Index 355
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